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  • 1 Pécsi Tudományegyetem, Általános Orvostudományi Kar, Magatartástudományi Intézet Pszichiátriai Klinika 7624 Pécs, Szigeti út 12.
  • 2 Pécsi Tudományegyetem, Bölcsészettudományi Kar Általános- és Evolúciós Pszichológiai Tanszék Please ask the editor of the journal.
  • 3 Institute of Behavioral Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Pécs Please ask the editor of the journal.
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Véleményünk szerint a különböző szorongásos tünetek jelentős része a környezet neuronális és kognitív reprezentációja során megjelenő zavarokra vezethető vissza. E zavarok térről való élmény és tudás reprezentációjában mutatkozó hibás beállítódásokban is tetten érhetők. A bemutatandó tanulmány a Tárgy Mentális Rotációs Teszt (TMRT), valamint a Kéz Mentális Rotációs Teszt (KMRT) segítségével, a szorongás azon összetevőit tárja fel, melyek összefüggést mutatnak a téri szignálok kezelésének zavaraival. A két teszt hasonló mentális rotációs, döntési és perceptuális folyamatokat igényel. A különbség közöttük a rotáció menetében megalkotott referencia keretek használatában van. Az TMRT esetében allocentrikus, KMRT esetében egocentrikus referencia keret működik aktívabban. A vizsgálatban 38 különböző szorongás értékekkel rendelkező személy vett részt. Eredményeink szerint, az allo cent ri kus és egocentrikus referencia használathoz különböző típusú szimptómák kapcsolódnak. Az allo centri kus referencia domináns használatához a „Mit csinálok a környezetemben?”, míg az egocentrikus referenciákkal dolgozó személyeknél az „Én milyen vagyok, hogyan értékelem magam?” típusú kérdés csoportokban azonosíthatók a szorongásos szimptómák. A mentális reprezentáció biológiai bázisát is be mutató interpretációink jelzik, hogy különböző típusú szorongáshoz különböző típusú téri referenciakeret és a hátterében álló különböző téri reprezentáció áll.Several symptoms encountered in psychological practice, such as anxiety, phobias, depression; they appear to involve abnormalities of the brain’s representation of the outside world. These phenomena undoubtedly include some underlying disturbances of the basic machinery of spatial perception, cognition, and knowledge representation. The aim of the research reported in this paper is to seek anxiety components which may play a role in spatial cognitive functions under different types of dynamic imagery task. The object mental rotation test (MRT) and the hand mental rotation test (HMRT) is frequently used to test the dynamic spatial imagery. The completion of the MRT supported by dominantly allocentric reference frame in contrast the HMRT supported by egocentric references. Studying of anxiety components of allocentric MRT and egocentric HMRT together, the analysis of the items of the anxiety and fear questionnaires show that MRT is connected with those items that give answer to „What does the person do?” question in an allocentric social surrounding. In contrast, at HMRT there are dominantly egocentric questions that show connections with the „What I am like?” type question. Our results demonstrate that different forms of anxiety are connected with preferency of special spatial representation type. We can say, there are a biological based allocentric and egocentric spatial reference balances, which determine the symptoms and cognitive contents of the different kinds of anxiety.

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