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  • 1 Pécsi Tudományegyetem, Pszichológiai Intézet Pszichiátriai Klinika Please ask the editor of the journal.
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Tizenöt pánikbeteg agorafóbiával, tizenöt generalizált szorongó és tizenöt kontrollszemély téri tanulási és emlékezeti teljesítményét vizsgáltuk valós labirintustájékozódási, valamint komputer által létrehozott virtuális téri tájékozódási feladatban. Eredményeink szerint a pániktól és agorafóbiától szenvedő személyek a generalizált szorongókhoz és a kontrollszemélyekhez viszonyítva labirintusséta által kiváltott stresszhelyzetet követően gyengébb teljesítményt mutattak téri tanulási feladatokban. A labirintusban való tájékozódási feladatot követően a pániktól és agorafóbiától szenvedő betegek gyakrabban vétették el a laboratóriumból kivezető útvonalat, és pontatlan térképet rajzoltak a bejárt labirintus szerkezetéről. Nem használták hatékonyan az allocentrikus referenciákhoz kötődő disztális tájékozódási pontokat. Ugyanakkor a labirintus stressze után a virtuális téri tájékozódási feladatban is rosszabbul teljesítettek, annak ellenére, hogy a labirintus bejárása előtt végzett vizsgálatban nem mutatkozott különbség a csoportok között. Az eredményeket a Figyelemáthelyezés-, valamint a Stressz indukálta felidézés modell alapján értelmeztük.

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