Author: Gábor Orosz
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  • 1 SZTE BTK Pszichológiai Intézet Szeged
  • | 2 ELTE PPK Szocializáció és a Társadalmi Folyamatok Pszichológiája Program Budapest
  • | 3 Université de Reims Laboratoire de Psychologie Appliquée Reims
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A jelen kutatásban magyar (98) és francia (131) közgazdászhallgatók felsőoktatási csalással kapcsolatos attitűdjeit és önbevalláson alapuló viselkedését vizsgáltuk. Elsősorban a kulturális különbségekre fókuszáltunk, viszont többek között megvizsgáltuk azt is, hogy a nem, az évfolyam, a tanulmányi átlagok, a várható büntetések nagysága, a sikeres csalás utáni pozitív vagy negatív érzések milyen összefüggésben állnak a csalás elfogadásával, illetve azzal, hogy az adott személy önbevallása alapján csalt-e az elmúlt félévben, vagy sem. A csalás elfogadását 14 olyan helyzet bemutatása segítségével mértük, amelyben a válaszadónak egy képzeletbeli tisztességtelen csoporttárs viselkedésének elfogadhatóságáról kellett döntenie. Az eredmények közül kiemelendő, hogy a magyar közgazdászhallgatók 83%-a legalább egyszer csalt az elmúlt félév során, míg ugyanez a franciáknak csupán 34%-ára igaz (χ 2 = 52,19; p = 0,001). Emellett a magyar hallgatók a franciákhoz képest a kérdőívben szereplő mind a 14 elképzelt szituációban szignifikánsan elfogadhatóbbnak ítélik a csalást (p = 0,01); szignifikánsan kevesebben élnek át negatív érzéseket csalás után (t = – 2,203, p = 0,031); szignifikánsan enyhébb büntetésre (χ 2 = 75,29; p = 0,001) számíthatnak; szerteágazóbb csalási eszköztárral rendelkeznek, mint francia társaik. A több szempontú varianciaanalízissel felállított hierarchikus modell azt mutatja, hogy kizárólag a büntetés nagysága (F = 34,429, p = 0,001) és a nemzetiség (F = 19,839, p = 0,001) van szignifikáns hatással a csalás elfogadására, és a nemzetiség a legerősebb hatású magyarázó változó.

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2020  
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