Author: Szabolcs Kéri
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  • 1 Semmelweis Egyetem Országos Pszichiátriai Központ Budapest
  • 2 Szegedi Tudományegyetem Élettani Intézet Szeged
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Az „őrült zseni” sztereotípiája kultúránkban időről időre felbukkan nemcsak a közgondolkodásban, hanem művészeti alkotások és életrajzi művek témájaként is. Híres egyéniségek történetei töltik el félelemmel vegyes vonzalommal az embereket, ahogy az eminens talentum mellett feltűnik a lelki szenvedés, a másság és a destruktivitás, amely könnyen átlép a józan ésszel megérthető és megmagyarázható határán. Az utóbbi évtizedben a kreativitás és a pszichopatológia kapcsolatának kutatásában jelentős szemléletváltás következett be: a ritka, diagnosztikus címkékkel felruházott esetek boncolgatása helyett a „tünetek” populációs leírása került előtérbe a szkizotípiás, az affektív vagy az autisztikus vonások tekintetében. Ezek a jelenségek a populációban széles skálán mozognak, egymással átfedést mutatva. A kreatív teljesítmény prediktorainak egyre összetettebb statisztikai feltérképezésén túl az új megközelítés lehetővé teszi azt is, hogy mind a funkcionális agyi lokalizáció, mind a genetikai háttér megértésének tekintetében előrelépés történjen.

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