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  • 1 Pécsi Tudományegyetem BTK Szociálpszichológia Tanszék Pécs
  • | 2 MTA Pszichológiai Kutatóintézete Budapest
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Összefoglalónkban a csoportalapú érzelmek szociálpszichológiai kutatását kívánjuk bemutatni. Csoportalapú érzelmeknek azokat az érzelmeket nevezzük, amelyek a csoporttagként való kategorizálást követően a csoport perspektívájának átvételével keletkeznek az egyénben. A csoportalapú érzelmek két nagyobb elméleti paradigmájára térünk ki: a csoportközi érzelmek elméletére és a kollektív érzelmek kutatására. A csoportközi érzelmek elmélete az érzelmek értékelési elméleteire, valamint a társas identitás, szelfkategorizációs elméletre épít. Részletesen tárgyaljuk a csoportközi érzelmekkel kapcsolatos kutatásokat, valamint bemutatjuk az úgynevezett azonosulási paradoxont és a csoportközi érzelmek funkcionalitásával kapcsolatos problémákat. A kollektív érzelmi kutatások elsősorban az egyén és a saját csoport önmeghatározásával foglalkoznak, a múlt és a jelen közötti kapcsolatot vizsgálják. Bemutatjuk a kollektív bűntudat és a kollektív szégyen kutatását, valamint az egyes csoportok érzelmi irányultságára vonatkozó új elképzeléseket.

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