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Háttér és célok

A munkahelyi jóllét és boldogság empirikus kutatása egyre nagyobb teret nyer már hazai viszonylatban is. Jelen kutatás a magyar pedagógusok munka során átélt boldogságának legfőbb dimenziói és jellemzői feltárását tűzte ki célul kvalitatív és kvantitatív módszerrel.

Módszer

A vizsgálat részeként 297 pedagógus „Mikor él át/érez boldogságot a munkája során?” nyílt kérdésre adott válaszai, valamint Lyubomirsky és Lepper (1999) nevével fémjelzett, Szubjektív Boldogság Skálán (Subjective Happiness Scale) kapott eredményei kerültek feldolgozásra.

Eredmények

A szöveges válaszok tartalomelemzése során négy fő dimenzió rajzolódott ki. A pedagógus munka-boldogság élményében a legmarkánsabb meghatározók az eredményesség és siker tényezője, a munkájukra vonatkozó értékelés és visszajelzés, a munkaélményt jelentő tényezők, valamint a társas kapcsolatok. A vizsgált háttérváltozók (pl. a nem, az elégedettség, a munkastressz, az egészségi és családi állapot) közül több is értelmezhető kapcsolatot mutat a Szubjektív Boldogság Skála globális boldogság mutatójával.

Következtetések

Eredményeink ismeretében, különböző, pozitív pszichológiai intervenciós lehetőségeket is számba véve, gyakorlati megfontolásokat teszünk a munkahelyi jóllét és boldogság növelése érdekében. Ezen javaslatok nemcsak specifikusan a pedagógusok, de más munkakörben dolgozók szempontjából is relevánsak lehetnek.

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