View More View Less
  • 1 Department of Agrochemical Hygiene, Institute of Plant Protection, Georgikon Faculty, University of Agricultural Sciences, H.8361 Keszthely, P.O. Box 71, Hungary
Restricted access

Purchase article

USD  $25.00

1 year subscription (Individual Only)

USD  $836.00

On day 9 or 12 of the hatching period different pesticides (parathion, methylparathion, carbendazim, 2,4-D-amine Na, phosmethylane) were applied in ecotoxicological trials. The formulations were either injected into the air space of pheasant, quail or hen eggs or hen eggs were treated by the immersion technique. The residues of pesticides were measured in samples on days 13, 14 and 16 of incubation of chicken and pheasant embryos, while the Japanese quail embryos were analysed on days 10-14 of incubation. Analytical chemistry data showed a varying degradation rate of the compounds in avian embryos of the same species. The residues directly affect the embryos, disturbing their normal development and causing pathophysiological and morphological changes.

  • Fusi, P., Vazzana, C. and Franci, M. (1977): Determination of 2,4-D in birds. eggs by gas chromatography using an international standard (in Italian). Agric. Ital. 106, 229-235.

    'Determination of 2,4-D in birds. eggs by gas chromatography using an international standard (in Italian). ' () 106 Agric. Ital. : 229 -235.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Marquardt, R. P., Burchfield, H. P., Storrs, E. E. and Beneventue, A. (1964): 2,4-dichlorphenoxyacetic acid. In: Zweig, G. (ed.) Analytical Methods for Pesticides, Plant Growth Regulators and Food Additives. Academic Press, New York, 1975. p. 95.

    2,4-dichlorphenoxyacetic acid. , () 95.

  • Pápa, Á. (1976): Determination of phenoxy alkalic acids. In: Ambrus, Á. (ed.) Methods of Determination of Pesticide Residues (in Hungarian). Plant Protection and Agrochemical Centre of the Ministry of Agriculture and Food, Budapest.

    Determination of phenoxy alkalic acids. , ().

  • Schlenk, H. and Gellerman, J. L. (1960): Esterification of fatty acid with diazomethane on a small scale. Anal. Chem. 32, 1412-1415.

    'Esterification of fatty acid with diazomethane on a small scale. ' () 32 Anal. Chem. : 1412 -1415.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Pease, H., Gardiner, J. A. and Holt, R. F. (1973): Benomyl. In: Zweig, G. (ed.) Analytical Methods for Pesticides, Plant Growth Regulators and Food Additives. Academic Press, New York, 1975. p. 647.

    Benomyl. , () 647.

  • Somlyay, I. and Várnagy, L. (1986): Teratogenicity testing of Nevifosz 50 EC on chicken embryos (in Hungarian). Agrochemistry Conf., Keszthely, Summaries, p. 99.

  • Somlyay, I. and Várnagy, L. (1988): Effects of various pesticides on plasma biochemistry of chicken embryos. Microbiol. Letters 39, 7-11.

    'Effects of various pesticides on plasma biochemistry of chicken embryos. ' () 39 Microbiol. Letters : 7 -11.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Somlyay, I., Hidasi, Gy., Várnagy, L. and Fáncsi, T. (1988): Toxicity of Dikamin D (40% 2,4-D) to chicken fetuses in relationship to analytically detected active ingredient. EAVPT Congress, Budapest, Abstracts, p. 291.

  • Somlyay, I., Hidasi, Gy. and Várnagy, L. (1989): Degradation of Nevifosz 50 EC in pheasant embryos (in Hungarian). IVth Vet. Tox. Conf., Kaposvár. Summaries, p. 134.

  • Somlyay, I., Várnagy, L. and Hidasi, Gy. (1992): Toxicity of phosmethylane (Nevifosz 50 EC) in pheasant fetuses. Med. Fac. Landbouww. Univ. Gent 36, 1285-1288.

    'Toxicity of phosmethylane (Nevifosz 50 EC) in pheasant fetuses. ' () 36 Med. Fac. Landbouww. Univ. Gent : 1285 -1288.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Várnagy, L., Imre, R., Fáncsi, T. and Hadházy, Á. (1981): Teratogenicity of Paratahion 20 WP in Japanese quail, pheasant and chicken embryo. Acta Vet. Acad. Sci. Hung. 29, 371-381.

    'Teratogenicity of Paratahion 20 WP in Japanese quail, pheasant and chicken embryo. ' () 29 Acta Vet. Acad. Sci. Hung. : 371 -381.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Várnagy, L., Imre, R., Fáncsi, T. and Hadházy, Á. (1982): Teratogenicity of Methyl-parathion 18 WP and Wofatox 50 EC in Japanese quail and pheasant embryos, with particular reference to osteal and muscular systems. Acta Vet. Hung. 30, 135-146.

    'Teratogenicity of Methyl-parathion 18 WP and Wofatox 50 EC in Japanese quail and pheasant embryos, with particular reference to osteal and muscular systems. ' () 30 Acta Vet. Hung. : 135 -146.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Várnagy, L. (1981): Teratological examination of agricultural pesticides on Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica) eggs. Acta Vet. Acad. Sci. Hung. 29, 77-83.

    'Teratological examination of agricultural pesticides on Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica) eggs. ' () 29 Acta Vet. Acad. Sci. Hung. : 77 -83.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Várnagy, L. (1995): Teratogenicity testing of pesticides on bird fetuses. Hung. Agr. Res. 2, 30-33.

    'Teratogenicity testing of pesticides on bird fetuses. ' () 2 Hung. Agr. Res. : 30 -33.

  • Várnagy, L. and Füzesi, I. (1979): Study of permeability of quail eggs by using Methylparathion 18 WP and Parathion 20 WP (in Hungarian). Növényvédelem 9, 385-388.

    'Study of permeability of quail eggs by using Methylparathion 18 WP and Parathion 20 WP (in Hungarian). ' () 9 Növényvédelem : 385 -388.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Analytical Methods of Determination of Pesticide Residues I.IV (in Hungarian). Plant Protection and Agrochemical Centre of the Ministry of Agriculture and Food, Budapest, 1976.

    Analytical Methods of Determination of Pesticide Residues I.IV (in Hungarian) , ().

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Bleidner, W. E., Morales, R. and Holt, R. F. (1975): Benomyl. In: Zweig, G. (ed.) Analytical Methods for Pesticides, Plant Growth Regulators and Food Additives. Academic Press, New York, p. 157.

    Benomyl. , () 157.

  • Clegg, D. J. (1964): The hen egg in toxicity and teratogenicity studies. Fd. Cosmet. Toxicol. 2, 717-718.

    'The hen egg in toxicity and teratogenicity studies. ' () 2 Fd. Cosmet. Toxicol. : 717 -718.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Fáncsi, T. and Várnagy, L. (1986): Fetotoxicity of insecticide Parathion 20 WP in chicken embryos. XVI. Congr. of the Eur. Ass. Vet. Anat. Budapest, Abstracts, p. 110.