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  • 1 Department and Clinic of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Szent István University H-1400, Budapest, P.O. Box 2, Hungary
  • 2 University of Veterinary Science Outpatient Clinic, Department and Clinic of Internal Medicine Please ask the editor of the journal.
  • 3 Department and Clinic of Internal Medicine Please ask the editor of the journal.
  • 4 University of Veterinary Science Outpatient Clinic, Department and Clinic of Internal Medicine Please ask the editor of the journal.
  • 5 Outpatient Clinic, Department and Clinic of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Szent István University Please ask the editor of the journal.
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The second part of the review dealing with the diagnostic radiology of pet and wild birds discusses the indications of radiological examination, the interpretation of radiographs taken of pathological lesions, and the differential diagnosis of such lesions. Radiology has paramount importance in the diagnosis of diseases affecting the skeletal, digestive, respiratory, urogenital and cardiovascular systems. Certain diseases (shortage of grits, ovarian cysts) cannot be recognised without radiography. Other conditions (e.g. Macaw Wasting Disease, renal tumours, egg retention) require this complementary diagnostic method for confirmation of a suspicion based upon the clinical signs. Radiographic examination is also indicated for follow-up of the surgical management of bone fractures and for facilitating the implantation of transponders aimed at individual identification of the birds.

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