View More View Less
  • 1 Department of Pathophysiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Zagreb Heinzelova 55, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
  • 2 Department for Biology and Pathology of Fish and Bees, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Zagreb Heinzelova 55, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
  • 3 Department of Animal Hygiene, Environment and Ethology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Zagreb Heinzelova 55, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
Restricted access

Purchase article

USD  $25.00

1 year subscription (Individual Only)

USD  $836.00

Haematological and biochemical analyses of blood were performed in carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) kept in small ponds. Caught and anaesthetised carp were clinically examined and blood samples were taken at regular intervals during the three years. In the first year of examinations, the haemoglobin and haematocrit values of carp fry significantly increased (P<0.01) from June to September. The intensive growth of carp in the summer period in the second year was accompanied by adequate erythropoiesis. During hibernation haematocrit and haemoglobin significantly decreased (P<0.05) and mean corpuscular haemoglobin concentration (MCHC) increased (P<0.01) in both scaly and mirror carp. MCHC increased also with the age and increasing body weight of the fish. Mirror carp had lower haematocrit and haemoglobin values than scaly carp (P<0.01). Comparative haematological analyses between carp of normal and poor body condition showed that moderate anaemia appeared in those with poor body condition. The results indicate that there is marked seasonal and age-dependent variation in the values of haematocrit and haemoglobin. Pond water quality investigations indicated good environmental conditions. A 50% increase (P<0.05) of glucose concentration was found from June to September in the blood plasma of carp in the third year, accompanied by an even more increased (80%; P<0.01) concentration of total lipids. At the same time, considerable changes of cholesterol and total protein concentrations were not observed. The results suggest that the investigated haematological and biochemical variables could be successfully utilised in monitoring the metabolic balance and health status of fish in intensive culture.

  • Fasaic, K. and Adamek, Z. 1993: Changes of blood picture in one- and two-year-old carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) during wintering. In: Vykusova, B., Svobodova, Z. and Machova, J. (eds) Ichthyohaematology. (Proceedings of the 3rd Ichthyohaematology Conference, Litomysl, Czech Republic, November 30 - December 2, 1993). Research Institute of Fish Culture and Hydrobiology, Vodnany, Czech Republic. pp. 15-18.

  • Hilge, V. 1980: Long-term observation on blood parameters of adult mirror carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) held in a closed warm water system. Arch. Fisch Wiss. 31, 41-50.

    'Long-term observation on blood parameters of adult mirror carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) held in a closed warm water system. ' () 31 Arch. Fisch Wiss. : 41 -50.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Hoffman, R., Lommel, R. and Riedl, M. 1982: Influence of different anaesthetics and bleeding methods on haematological values in fish. Arch. Fisch. Wiss. 33, 91-103.

    'Influence of different anaesthetics and bleeding methods on haematological values in fish. ' () 33 Arch. Fisch. Wiss. : 91 -103.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Jendrysek, S., Steinhagen, D., Drommer, W. and Körting, W. 1994: Carp coccidiosis: intestinal histo- and cytopathology under Goussia carpelli infection. Dis. Aquat. Org. 20, 171-182.

    'Carp coccidiosis: intestinal histo- and cytopathology under Goussia carpelli infection. ' () 20 Dis. Aquat. Org. : 171 -182.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Kent, M. L. and Hedrick, R. P. 1985: The biology and associated pathology of Goussia carpelli (Leger and Stankovitch) in goldfish Carassius auratus (Linnaeus). Fish Pathol. 20, 485-494.

    'The biology and associated pathology of Goussia carpelli (Leger and Stankovitch) in goldfish Carassius auratus (Linnaeus). ' () 20 Fish Pathol. : 485 -494.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Kovacheva, N. P., Grozev, G. and Loshev, L. 1993: Influence of some ecological conditions on the physiological state of carp stocking material. In: Vykusova, B., Svobodova, Z. and Machova, J. (eds) Ichthyohaematology. (Proceedings of the 3rd Ichthyohaematology Conference, Litomysl, Czech Republic, November 30 - December 2, 1993). Research Institute of Fish Culture and Hydrobiology, Vodnany, Czech Republic. pp. 59-63.

  • Lehmann, J. and Stürenberg, F. J. 1981: The importance of blood parameters and methods for their determination in fish toxicology (in German). Fisch und Umwelt 9, 25-39.

    'The importance of blood parameters and methods for their determination in fish toxicology (in German). ' () 9 Fisch und Umwelt : 25 -39.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • McDonald, D. G. and Millicam, C. L. 1992: Chemical properties of the blood. In: Hoar, W. S., Randall, D. J. and Farel, A. P. (eds) Fish Physiology, vol. 11, Part B. The Cardiovascular System. Academic Press, San Diego. pp. 55-133.

    Chemical properties of the blood , () 55 -133.

  • Palackova, J. 1991: The influence of abiotical factors on carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) fingerlings (in Czech). Autoref. kandid. disert. prace, VSZ Brno. p. 27.

  • Prihoda, J. and Bienek, P. 1993: Reaction of blood protein to stress. In: Vykusova, B., Svobodova, Z. and Machova, J. (eds) Ichthyohaematology. (Proceedings of the 3rd Ichthyohaematology Conference, Litomysl, Czech Republic, November 30 - December 2, 1993). Research Institute of Fish Culture and Hydrobiology, Vodnany, Czech Republic. pp. 97-104.

  • Spurny, P. and Mares, J. 1993: Changes in the haematological indicators of the carp fry of various genotypes during hibernation. In: Vykusova, B., Svobodova, Z., Machova, J. (eds) Ichthyohaematology. (Proceedings of the 3rd Ichthyohaematology Conference, Litomysl, Czech Republic, November 30 - December 2, 1993). Research Institute of Fish Culture and Hydrobiology, Vodnany, Czech Republic. pp. 118-124.

  • Svobodova, Z. 1986: The use of haematological methods in fishery practice: Sb. 1. Celostatni ichtyohaematol. Konf., Litomysl 1985, pp. 14-19.

  • Adamek, Z. 1977: Changes of selected condition parameters during the overwintering of carp fingerlings in ponds. Manuscript VSZ Brno. p. 12.

  • Anonymus 1975: Standard Methods for Examination of Water and Wastewater. 14th edition. APHA-AUWA-WPCF, Springfield.

  • Boyd, C. 1982: Water Quality Management for Pond Fish Culture. Elsevier, Amsterdam.

    Water Quality Management for Pond Fish Culture , ().

  • Cernikova, V. V. 1974: Haematological characteristics of carp fry during the overwintering (in Russian). Leningrad, Izv. Gosniorch. 88, 109-135.

    'Haematological characteristics of carp fry during the overwintering (in Russian). ' () 88 Leningrad, Izv. Gosniorch. : 109 -135.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Cervinka, S. 1973: The possibilities of employment of differentiation of blood serum and total protein for physiological and pathological evaluation of fish condition. Manuscript State Fishery, pp. 45-47.

  • HACH 1992: Water Analysis Handbook. HACH Company, Loveland, Colorado.

    Water Analysis Handbook , ().

Monthly Content Usage

Abstract Views Full Text Views PDF Downloads
Sep 2020 3 0 0
Oct 2020 8 0 0
Nov 2020 10 2 0
Dec 2020 6 0 0
Jan 2021 11 0 0
Feb 2021 36 1 1
Mar 2021 3 0 0