View More View Less
  • 1 Clinic for Large Animals, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Szent István University H-1400 Budapest, P.O. Box 2, Hungary
  • 2 Department and Clinic of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Szent István University H-1400 Budapest, P.O. Box 2, Hungary
  • 3 Graduating student Please ask the editor of the journal.
  • 4 Department of Biomathematics and Informatics, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Szent István University H-1400 Budapest, P.O. Box 2, Hungary
Restricted access

Purchase article

USD  $25.00

1 year subscription (Individual Only)

USD  $836.00

The aim of the study was to evaluate the diagnostic value of thoracic percussion and ultrasonography with the help of distance measurements and statistical methods in the determination of the caudal lung border in horses with recurrent airway obstruction (RAO). Examinations were performed on 11 healthy, warm-blooded horses of different breeds, age and grade of disease. First, the caudal lung border was determined by the traditional indirect percussion method in the 10th, 12th, 14th and 16th intercostal spaces at the end of inspiration and expiration on both sides of the thorax. To apply standardised measurements, a fix point was chosen as described earlier by the same authors for healthy horses. The distance between this point and the caudal lung border was measured with a tape-measure. Percussion was followed by ultrasonographic determination of the caudal lung border. Measurements were performed in the same way as described for the percussion technique. Mean values and standard errors of absolute values of differences between percussion and ultrasonographic measurements were the following, in centimetres (10th, 12th, 14th and 16th intercostal spaces). Left side expiration: 1.4, 0.4; 0.8, 0.2; 0.9, 0.2; 0.8, 0.4; left side inspiration: 0.8, 0.3; 1.5, 0.3; 1.4, 0.3; 1.1, 0.3; right side expiration: 2.1, 1.0; 2.1, 0.5; 1.6, 0.5; 0.8, 0.1; right side inspiration: 1.5, 0.7; 1.2, 0.6; 0.8, 0.2; 0.8, 0.3, respectively. Ultrasonography proved to be reliable in determining the caudal lung borders in horses with RAO. Results of the percussion examination did not differ significantly from those of the ultrasound method which was used as a reference technique. The differences between inspiration and expiration were greater in horses with RAO than in healthy horses in a previous study. Based on these results, percussion can be used as an integrated part of the physical examination in diagnosing caudal shift of the caudal lung border of horses suffering from RAO.

  • Mócsy, J. (1956): Perkussion des Brustkorbes. In: Mócsy, J. (ed.) Lehrbuch der klinischen Diagnostik der inneren Krankheiten der Haustiere. Veb Gustav Fischer Verlag, Jena. pp. 155--177.

    Lehrbuch der klinischen Diagnostik der inneren Krankheiten der Haustiere , () 155 -177.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Mócsy, J. (1960): Thoracic percussion. In: Mócsy, J. (ed.) Veterinary Clinical Diagnostics (in Hungarian). Mezőgazdasági Kiadó, Budapest. pp. 104--124.

    Veterinary Clinical Diagnostics (in Hungarian) , () 104 -124.

  • O'Brien, R. T. and Biller, D. S. (1997): Field imaging of the respiratory tract. Radiology and ultrasonography. Vet. Clin. North Am. Equine Pract. 13, 487--499.

    'Field imaging of the respiratory tract. Radiology and ultrasonography. ' () 13 Vet. Clin. North Am. Equine Pract. : 487 -499.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Steck, W. (1970): Untersuchungen über eine neue klinische Messgrösse beim Grosstier, die Marginaldistanz. Schweizer Archiv für Tierheilkunde 112, 357--373.

    'Untersuchungen über eine neue klinische Messgrösse beim Grosstier, die Marginaldistanz. ' () 112 Schweizer Archiv für Tierheilkunde : 357 -373.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Steck, W. (1971a): Unterlagen für die Verwendung der Marginaldistanz in der klinischen diagnostik beim Pferd. Schweizer Archiv für Tierheilkunde 113, 227--236.

    'Unterlagen für die Verwendung der Marginaldistanz in der klinischen diagnostik beim Pferd. ' () 113 Schweizer Archiv für Tierheilkunde : 227 -236.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Steck, W. (1971b): Untersuchungen zur Diagnostik der katarrhalischen Bronchiolitis und des alveolären Lungenemphysems beim Pferde, bei Anwendung der Marginalperkussion. Schweizer Archiv für Tierheilkunde 113, 547--560.

    'Untersuchungen zur Diagnostik der katarrhalischen Bronchiolitis und des alveolären Lungenemphysems beim Pferde, bei Anwendung der Marginalperkussion. ' () 113 Schweizer Archiv für Tierheilkunde : 547 -560.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Steck, W. (1976): Lungenperkussionsgrenzen beim Grosstier. Eine kritische Übersicht auf Grund neuer Untersuchungen. Schweizer Archiv für Tierheilkunde 118, 285--293.

    'Lungenperkussionsgrenzen beim Grosstier. Eine kritische Übersicht auf Grund neuer Untersuchungen. ' () 118 Schweizer Archiv für Tierheilkunde : 285 -293.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Vörös, K. and Magdus, M. (1993): Examination of the respiratory system. In: Papp, L., Vörös, K. and Magdus, M. (eds) Veterinary Clinical Diagnostics (in Hungarian). Compendium for veterinary students at the University of Veterinary Science, Budapest. pp. 133--195.

    Veterinary Clinical Diagnostics (in Hungarian) , () 133 -195.

  • Vörös, K. (2002): Diseases of the equine respiratory system. In: Karsai, F. and Vörös, K. (eds) Veterinary Internal Medicine (in Hungarian). Part II. Diseases of Large Animals. Primavet, Budapest. pp. 159--186.

    Veterinary Internal Medicine (in Hungarian). Part II. Diseases of Large Animals , () 159 -186.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Wirth, D. (1956): Percussion of the lung. In: Littlejohn, A. I. (ed.) Veterinary Clinical Diagnosis. Bailliére, Tindall & Cassell, London. pp. 106--110.

    Veterinary Clinical Diagnosis , () 106 -110.

  • Rantanen, N. W. (1986): Diseases of the thorax. Vet. Clin. North Am. Equine Pract. 2, 49--66.

    'Diseases of the thorax. ' () 2 Vet. Clin. North Am. Equine Pract. : 49 -66.

  • Couëtil, L. (2002): Respiratory diseases by clinical signs. In: Lekeux, P. (ed.) Equine Respiratory Diseases. IVIS, Ithaca, New York. pp. 1--30.

    Equine Respiratory Diseases , () 1 -30.

  • Derksen, F. J. (1999): Ancillary diagnostic aids. In: Colahan, P. T., Merritt, A. M., Moore, J. N. and Mayhew, I. G. (eds) Equine Medicine and Surgery. 5th edition. Mosby, St. Louis. pp. 443--446.

    Equine Medicine and Surgery , () 443 -446.

  • Littlejohn, A. (1980): Studies on the physiopathology of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in horses. I. Clinical signs. Onderstepoort J. Vet. Res. 47, 159--162.

    'Studies on the physiopathology of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in horses. I. Clinical signs. ' () 47 Onderstepoort J. Vet. Res. : 159 -162.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Marek, J. (1902): Thoracic percussion. In: Marek, J. (ed.) Clinical Diagnostics (in Hungarian). Hungarian National Veterinary Society, Budapest. pp. 114--149.

    Clinical Diagnostics (in Hungarian) , () 114 -149.

  • Marek, J. (1928): Thoracic percussion. In: Marek, J. (ed.) Clinical Diagnostics (in Hungarian). 2nd edition. Hungarian National Veterinary Society, Budapest. pp. 126--156.

    Clinical Diagnostics (in Hungarian) , () 126 -156.

  • Marr, C. (1993): Thoracic ultrasonography. Equine Vet. Educ. 5, 41--46.

    'Thoracic ultrasonography. ' () 5 Equine Vet. Educ. : 41 -46.

  • Bakos, Z., Vörös, K. and Kutasi, O. (2003): Comparison of the caudal lung borders determined by percussion and ultrasound in healthy horses. J. Equine Vet Sci. (submitted for publication).

    'Comparison of the caudal lung borders determined by percussion and ultrasound in healthy horses ' () J. Equine Vet Sci. .

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Beech, J. (1979): Evaluation of the horse with pulmonary disease. Vet. Clin. North Am. Large Animal Pract. 1, 43--58.

    'Evaluation of the horse with pulmonary disease. ' () 1 Vet. Clin. North Am. Large Animal Pract. : 43 -58.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Beech, J. (1989): Diagnosing chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Vet. Med. 84, 614--619.

    'Diagnosing chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. ' () 84 Vet. Med. : 614 -619.

  • Gyarmati, E. (1954): Thoracic percussion. In: Gyarmati, E. (ed.) Veterinary Clinical Diagnostics (in Hungarian). Mezőgazdasági Kiadó, Budapest. pp. 100--113.

    Veterinary Clinical Diagnostics (in Hungarian) , () 100 -113.

  • Kelly, W. R. (1967): Percussion of the lung. In: Kelly, W. R. (ed.) Veterinary Clinical Diagnosis. Bailliére, Tindall & Cassell, London. pp. 85--88.

    Veterinary Clinical Diagnosis , () 85 -88.

  • Ainsworth, D. M. and Biller, D. S. (1998): Respiratory System. In: Reed, S. M. and Bayly, W. M. (eds) Equine Internal Medicine. W. B. Saunders, Philadelphia. pp. 251--289.

    Equine Internal Medicine , () 251 -289.

  • Azary, Á. (1888): Thoracic percussion. In: Azary, Á. (ed.) Detailed Pathology and Iatrology of Domestic Animals (in Hungarian). Franklin Association, Budapest. pp. 54--85.

    Detailed Pathology and Iatrology of Domestic Animals (in Hungarian) , () 54 -85.

  • McGorum, B. C., Dixon, P. M., Radostits, O. M. and Abbott, J. A. (2000): Clinical examination of the respiratory system. In: Radostits, O. M., Mayhew, I. G. and Houston, D. M. (eds) Veterinary Clinical Examination and Diagnosis. W. B. Saunders, London. pp. 299--347.

    Veterinary Clinical Examination and Diagnosis , () 299 -347.

  • Pellegrini, A., Kalkinc, M., Hermann, M., Grünig, B., Winder, C. and Fellenberg, R. (1998): Equinins in equine neutrophils: quantification in tracheobronchial secretions as an aid in the diagnosis of chronic pulmonary disease. The Vet. J. 155, 257--262.

    'Equinins in equine neutrophils: quantification in tracheobronchial secretions as an aid in the diagnosis of chronic pulmonary disease. ' () 155 The Vet. J. : 257 -262.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Petrie, A. and Watson, P. (1999): Descriptive Statistics. In: Petrie, A. and Watson, P. (eds) Statistics for Veterinary and Animal Science. Blackwell Science Publ., Oxford. pp. 11--26.

    Statistics for Veterinary and Animal Science , () 11 -26.

  • Rantanen, N. W. (1981): Ultrasound appearance of normal lung borders and adjacent viscera in the horse. Vet. Rad. 22, 217--219.

    'Ultrasound appearance of normal lung borders and adjacent viscera in the horse. ' () 22 Vet. Rad. : 217 -219.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Rantanen, N. W. (1998): Thoracic ultrasound. In: Rantanen, N. W. and McKinnon, A. O. (eds) Equine Diagnostic Ultrasonography. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore. pp. 41--46.

    Equine Diagnostic Ultrasonography , () 41 -46.

  • Rantanen, N. W. and McIlwraith, C. W. (1996): Chest and abdomen diagnostic imaging. Publication Veterinary Continuing Education, Massey University 172, 147--155.

    Chest and abdomen diagnostic imaging , () 147 -155.

  • Rantanen, N. W., Gage, L. and Paradis, M. R. (1981): Ultrasonography as a diagnostic aid in pleural effusion of horses. Vet. Radiol. 22, 211--216.

    'Ultrasonography as a diagnostic aid in pleural effusion of horses. ' () 22 Vet. Radiol. : 211 -216.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Reef, V. B. (1998): Thoracic ultrasonography: noncardiac imaging. In: Reef, V. B. (ed.) Equine Diagnostic Ultrasound. W. B. Saunders, Philadelphia. pp. 187--214.

    Equine Diagnostic Ultrasound , () 187 -214.

  • Reef, V. B., Boy, M. G., Reid, C. F. and Elser, A. (1991): Comparison between diagnostic ultrasonography and radiography in the evaluation of horses and cattle with thoracic disease: 56 cases (1984--1985). J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 198, 2112--2118.

    'Comparison between diagnostic ultrasonography and radiography in the evaluation of horses and cattle with thoracic disease: 56 cases (1984--1985). ' () 198 J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. : 2112 -2118.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Reimer, J. M. (1998): The thorax. In: Reimer, J. M. (ed.) Atlas of Equine Ultrasonography. Mosby, St. Louis. pp. 110--130.

    Atlas of Equine Ultrasonography , () 110 -130.

  • Robinson, N. E. (2001): Recurrent airway obstruction (heaves). In: Lekeux, P. (ed.) Equine Respiratory Diseases. IVIS, Ithaca, New York. pp. 1--14.

    Equine Respiratory Diseases , () 1 -14.

  • Robinson, N. E., Derksen, F. J., Olszewski, M. A. and Buechner-Maxwell, V. A. (1996): The pathogenesis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease of horses. Br. Vet. J. 152, 283--306.

    'The pathogenesis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease of horses. ' () 152 Br. Vet. J. : 283 -306.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Seahorn, T. L., Groves, M. G., Harrington, K. S. and Beadle, R. E. (1996): Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in horses in Louisiana. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 208, 248--251.

    'Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in horses in Louisiana. ' () 208 J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. : 248 -251.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Speirs, V. C. (1997): The respiratory tract. In: Speirs, V. C. (ed.) Clinical Examination of Horses. W. B. Saunders, Philadelphia. pp. 27--72.

    Clinical Examination of Horses , () 27 -72.

Monthly Content Usage

Abstract Views Full Text Views PDF Downloads
Jun 2020 0 1 2
Jul 2020 2 0 1
Aug 2020 3 0 0
Sep 2020 2 0 0
Oct 2020 1 0 0
Nov 2020 2 0 0
Dec 2020 0 0 0