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  • 1 N. P. R. E., Indian Veterinary Research Institute Izatnagar, Bareilly, 243122 UP, India
  • 2 N. P. R. E., Indian Veterinary Research Institute Izatnagar, Bareilly, 243122 UP, India
  • 3 N. P. R. E., Indian Veterinary Research Institute Izatnagar, Bareilly, 243122 UP, India
  • 4 N. P. R. E., Indian Veterinary Research Institute Izatnagar, Bareilly, 243122 UP, India
  • 5 N. P. R. E., Indian Veterinary Research Institute Izatnagar, Bareilly, 243122 UP, India
  • 6 N. P. R. E., Indian Veterinary Research Institute Izatnagar, Bareilly, 243122 UP, India
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Pasteurella multocida B:2 is responsible for haemorrhagic septicaemia in cattle and buffaloes, causing severe economic losses in the developing countries. In the present study, the ahpA gene of P. multocida B:2 (P52) was cloned, sequenced and compared with the previously reported ahpA gene sequence in P. multocida A:1, which is responsible for its haemolytic phenotype. E. coli DH5α cells were further transformed with recombinant plasmid carrying the ahpA gene from P. multocida B:2 (P52) but SDS-PAGE analysis failed to show the expression of haemolysin protein. Slight haemolysis was albeit observed in horse blood agar plates streaked with recombinant E. coli carrying the ahpA gene. Our study indicates that there is 99.6% similarity and 0.4% divergence between ahpA gene of P. multocida B:2 (P52) and P. multocida A:1, while membrane topology analysis has predicted that ahpA is an inner membrane protein with two strong hydrophobic regions at the N and C terminals. The presence of significant homology in ahpA sequence in A:1 and B:2 perhaps suggests a common mechanism of pathogenesis in different species of animals.

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