View More View Less
  • 1 University of Kafkas Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Kars 36040 Turkey
  • | 2 University of Kafkas Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Kars 36040 Turkey
  • | 3 University of Kafkas Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Kars 36040 Turkey
  • | 4 Ondokuz Mayis University Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Samsun Turkey
  • | 5 University of Ankara Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Ankara Turkey
Restricted access

Purchase article

USD  $25.00

1 year subscription (Individual Only)

USD  $836.00

This study was designed to determine the presence and the prevalence of Anaplasma phagocytophilum infection in sheep and cattle in the Middle and Eastern Black Sea Regions of Turkey in which the potential vector, Ixodes ricinus , is widespread. Blood samples were collected from 720 sheep and 720 cattle from 6 provinces of the region, and used for detecting antibodies to A. phagocytophilum by indirect immunofluorescent antibody test (IFAT) and specific nucleic acids by a nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Blood smears were also prepared and examined microscopically for the presence of A. phagocytophilum -like organisms in polymorphonuclear cells. Of the animals examined, antibodies were detected in 110 (15.27%) cattle and 107 (14.86%) sheep and A. phagocytophilum -like organisms were detected in the blood of 73 (10.13%) cattle and 71 (9.86%) sheep. In addition, specific DNA was detected in the blood of 27 (14.75%) cattle and 22 (12.35%) sheep. The results obtained constitute the first molecular and serological evidence of A. phagocytophilum infection in sheep and cattle in the Black Sea Region of Turkey.

  • Aguero-Rosenfeld, M. E., Donnarumma, L., Zentmaier, L., Jacob, J., Frey, M., Noto, R., Carbonaro, C. A. and Wormser, G. P. (2002): Seroprevalence of antibodies that react with Anaplasma phagocytophila , the agent of human granulocytic chrlichiosis, in different populations in Westchester County, New York. J. Clin. Microbiol. 40 , 2612–2615.

    Wormser G. P. , 'Seroprevalence of antibodies that react with Anaplasma phagocytophila, the agent of human granulocytic chrlichiosis, in different populations in Westchester County, New York ' (2002 ) 40 J. Clin. Microbiol. : 2612 -2615.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Amusategui, I., Sainz, A. and Tesouro, M. A. (2006): Serological evaluation of Anaplasma phagocytophilum infection in livestock in northwestern Spain. Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. 1078 , 487–490.

    Tesouro M. A. , 'Serological evaluation of Anaplasma phagocytophilum infection in livestock in northwestern Spain ' (2006 ) 1078 Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. : 487 -490.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Bakken, J. S. and Dumler, J. S. (2006): Clinical diagnosis and treatment of human granulocytotropic anaplasmosis. Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. 1078 , 236–247.

    Dumler J. S. , 'Clinical diagnosis and treatment of human granulocytotropic anaplasmosis ' (2006 ) 1078 Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. : 236 -247.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Barlough, J. E., Madigan, J. E., DeRock, E. and Bigornia, L. (1996): Nested polymerase chain reaction for detection of Ehrlichia equi genomic DNA in horses and ticks ( Ixodes pacificus ). Vet. Parasitol. 63 , 319–329.

    Bigornia L. , 'Nested polymerase chain reaction for detection of Ehrlichia equi genomic DNA in horses and ticks (Ixodes pacificus) ' (1996 ) 63 Vet. Parasitol. : 319 -329.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Bashiribod, H., Kazemi, B., Eslami, G., Bigdeli, S., Bandehpour, M., Rahbarian, N. and Ramezani, R. (2004): First molecular detection of Anaplasma phagocytophilum in Ixodes ricinus ticks in Iran. J. Med. Sci. 4 , 282–286.

    Ramezani R. , 'First molecular detection of Anaplasma phagocytophilum in Ixodes ricinus ticks in Iran ' (2004 ) 4 J. Med. Sci. : 282 -286.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Bjoersdorff, A., Bergstrom, S., Massung, R. F., Haemig, P. D. and Olsen, B. (2001): Ehrlichia -infected ticks on migrating birds. Emerg. Infec. Dis. 7 , 877–879.

    Olsen B. , 'Ehrlichia-infected ticks on migrating birds ' (2001 ) 7 Emerg. Infec. Dis. : 877 -879.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Brodie, T. A., Holmes, P. H. and Urquhart, G. M. (1988): Some aspects of tick-borne fever diseases of British sheep. Vet. Rec. 118 , 415–418.

    Urquhart G. M. , 'Some aspects of tick-borne fever diseases of British sheep ' (1988 ) 118 Vet. Rec. : 415 -418.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Brun-Hansen, H., Gronstol, H. and Hardeng, F. (1998): Experimental infection with Ehrlichia phagocytophila in cattle. J. Vet. Med. B 45 , 193–203.

    Hardeng F. , 'Experimental infection with Ehrlichia phagocytophila in cattle ' (1998 ) 45 J. Vet. Med. B : 193 -203.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Campbell, R. S. F., Rowland, A. C. and Scott, G. R. (1994): Sequential pathology of tick-borne fever. J. Comp. Pathol. 111 , 303–313.

    Scott G. R. , 'Sequential pathology of tick-borne fever ' (1994 ) 111 J. Comp. Pathol. : 303 -313.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Chen, S. M., Dumler, J. S., Bakken, J. S. and Walker, D. H. (1994): Identification of a granulocytotropic Ehrlichia species as the etiological agent of human disease. J. Clin. Microbiol. 32 , 589–595.

    Walker D. H. , 'Identification of a granulocytotropic Ehrlichia species as the etiological agent of human disease ' (1994 ) 32 J. Clin. Microbiol. : 589 -595.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Christova, I. S. and Dumler, J. S. (1999): Human granulocytic ehrlichiosis in Bulgaria. J. Am. Trop. Med. Hyg. 60 , 58–61.

    Dumler J. S. , 'Human granulocytic ehrlichiosis in Bulgaria ' (1999 ) 60 J. Am. Trop. Med. Hyg. : 58 -61.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Daniel, S. A., Manika, K., Arvanitidou, M., Diza, E., Symeonidis, N. and Antoniadis, A. (2002): Serologic evidence of human granulocytic ehrlichiosis in Greece. Emerg. Infect. Dis. 8 , 643–644.

    Antoniadis A. , 'Serologic evidence of human granulocytic ehrlichiosis in Greece ' (2002 ) 8 Emerg. Infect. Dis. : 643 -644.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • de la Fuente, J., Naranjo, V., Ruiz-Fons, F., Höfle, U., Fernández De Mera, I. G., Villanúa, D., Almazán, C., Torina, A., Caracappa, S., Kocan, K. M. and Gortázar, C. (2005 b ): Potential vertebrate reservoir hosts and invertebrate vectors of Anaplasma marginale and A. phagocytophilum in central Spain. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 5 , 390–401.

    Gortázar C. , 'Potential vertebrate reservoir hosts and invertebrate vectors of Anaplasma marginale and A. phagocytophilum in central Spain ' (2005 ) 5 Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis : 390 -401.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • de la Fuente, J., Torina, A., Caracappa, S., Tumino, G., Furla, R., Almazan, C. and Kocan, K. M. (2005 a ): Serologic and molecular characterization of Anaplasma species infection in farm animals and ticks from Sicily. Vet. Parasitol. 133 , 357–362.

    Kocan K. M. , 'Serologic and molecular characterization of Anaplasma species infection in farm animals and ticks from Sicily ' (2005 ) 133 Vet. Parasitol. : 357 -362.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Dincer, S., Sayın, F., Karaer, Z., Cakmak, A., Friedhoff, K. T., Müler, I., Inci, A., Yukarı, B. A. and Eren, H. (1991): Studies on the sero-incidence of blood parasites in the Black Sea Region (in Turkish, with English abstract). J. Vet. Ankara Univ. 38 , 206–226.

    Eren H. , 'Studies on the sero-incidence of blood parasites in the Black Sea Region (in Turkish, with English abstract) ' (1991 ) 38 J. Vet. Ankara Univ. : 206 -226.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Dreher, U. M., de la Fuente, J., Hofmann-Lehmann, R., Meli, M. L., Pusterla, N., Kocan, K. M., Woldehiwet, Z., Braun, U., Regula, G., Staerk, K. D. and Lutz, H. (2005): Serologic cross-reactivity between Anaplasma marginale and Anaplasma phagocytophilum . Clin. Diagn. Lab. Immunol. 12 , 1177–1183.

    Lutz H. , 'Serologic cross-reactivity between Anaplasma marginale and Anaplasma phagocytophilum ' (2005 ) 12 Clin. Diagn. Lab. Immunol. : 1177 -1183.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Dumler, J. S. (1997): Is human granulocytic ehrlichiosis a new Lyme disease? Review and comparison of clinical, laboratory, epidemiological, and some biological features. Clin. Infect. Dis. 25 , 43–47.

    Dumler J. S. , 'Is human granulocytic ehrlichiosis a new Lyme disease? Review and comparison of clinical, laboratory, epidemiological, and some biological features ' (1997 ) 25 Clin. Infect. Dis. : 43 -47.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Dumler, J. S., Barbet, A. F., Bekker, C. P. J., Dasch, G. A., Palmer, G. H., Ray, S. C., Rikihisa, Y. and Rurangirwa, F. R. (2001): Reorganisation of the genera of the families Rickettsiaceae and Anaplasmataceae in the order Rickettsiales : unification of some species of Ehrlichia with Anaplasma, Cowdria with Ehrlichia and Ehrlichia with Neorickettsia , descriptions of six new combinations and designations of Ehrlichia equi and ‘HGE agent’ as subjective synonyms of Ehrlichia phagocytophila . Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 51 , 2145–2165.

    Rurangirwa F. R. , 'Reorganisation of the genera of the families Rickettsiaceae and Anaplasmataceae in the order Rickettsiales: unification of some species of Ehrlichia with Anaplasma, Cowdria with Ehrlichia and Ehrlichia with Neorickettsia, descriptions of six new combinations and designations of Ehrlichia equi and ‘HGE agent’ as subjective synonyms of Ehrlichia phagocytophila ' (2001 ) 51 Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. : 2145 -2165.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Gokce, H. I. and Woldehiwet, Z. (1999 a ): Differential haematological effects of tick-borne fever in sheep and goats. J. Vet. Med. B 46 , 105–115.

    Woldehiwet Z. , 'Differential haematological effects of tick-borne fever in sheep and goats ' (1999 ) 46 J. Vet. Med. B : 105 -115.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Gokce, H. I. and Woldehiwet, Z. (1999 b ): Lymphocyte responses to mitogens and rickettsial antigens in sheep experimentally infected with Ehrlichia ( Cytoecetes ) phagocytophila . Vet. Parasitol. 83 , 55–64.

    Woldehiwet Z. , 'Lymphocyte responses to mitogens and rickettsial antigens in sheep experimentally infected with Ehrlichia (Cytoecetes) phagocytophila ' (1999 ) 83 Vet. Parasitol. : 55 -64.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Gokce, H. I. and Woldehiwet, Z. (1999 c ): The effects of Ehrlichia ( Cytoecetes ) phagocytophila on the clinical chemistry of sheep and goats. J. Vet. Med. B 46 , 93–103.

    Woldehiwet Z. , 'The effects of Ehrlichia (Cytoecetes) phagocytophila on the clinical chemistry of sheep and goats ' (1999 ) 46 J. Vet. Med. B : 93 -103.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Goodman, J. L., Nelson, C., Vitale, B., Madigan, J. E., Dumler, J. S., Kurtti, T. J. and Munderloh, U. G. (1996): Direct cultivation of the causative agent of human granulocytic ehrlichiosis. NEJM 334 , 209–215.

    Munderloh U. G. , 'Direct cultivation of the causative agent of human granulocytic ehrlichiosis ' (1996 ) 334 NEJM : 209 -215.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Gordon, W. S., Brownlee, A., Wilson, D. R. and Macleod, J. (1932): Tick-borne fever (a hitherto undescribed disease of sheep). J. Comp. Pathol. 45 , 301–312.

    Macleod J. , 'Tick-borne fever (a hitherto undescribed disease of sheep) ' (1932 ) 45 J. Comp. Pathol. : 301 -312.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Jones, G. L. and Davies, I. H. (1995): An ovine abortion storm caused by infection with Cytoecetes phagocytophila . Vet. Rec. 136 , 127.

    Davies I. H. , 'An ovine abortion storm caused by infection with Cytoecetes phagocytophila ' (1995 ) 136 Vet. Rec. : 127 -.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Hofmann-Lehmann, R., Meli, M. L., Dreher, U. M., Gönezi, E., Deplazes, P., Braun, U., Engels, M., Schüpbach, J., Jörger, K., Thoma, R., Griot, C., Stärk, K. D., Willi, B., Schmidt, J., Kocan, K. M. and Lutz, H. (2004): Concurrent infections with vector-borne pathogens associated with fatal hemolytic anemia in a cattle herd in Switzerland. J. Clin. Microbiol. 42 , 3775–3780.

    Lutz H. , 'Concurrent infections with vector-borne pathogens associated with fatal hemolytic anemia in a cattle herd in Switzerland ' (2004 ) 42 J. Clin. Microbiol. : 3775 -3780.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Karaer, Z., Yukarı, B. A. and Aydın, L. (1997): Ticks and vectors in Turkey. In: Ozcel, M. A. and Daldal, N. (eds) Arthropod Diseases and Vectors (in Turkish). Published by the Society of Parasitology, Izmir, Turkey, pp. 363–433.

    Aydın L. , '', in Arthropod Diseases and Vectors (in Turkish) , (1997 ) -.

  • Kocan, K. M., de la Fuente, J., Blouin, E. F. and Garcia-Garcia, J. C. (2004): Anaplasma marginale (Rickettsiales: Anaplasmataceae): recent advances in defining host-pathogen adaptations of a tick-borne rickettsia. Parasitol. 129 , 285–300.

    Garcia-Garcia J. C. , 'Anaplasma marginale (Rickettsiales: Anaplasmataceae): recent advances in defining host-pathogen adaptations of a tick-borne rickettsia ' (2004 ) 129 Parasitol. : 285 -300.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Larsen, H. J. S., Overnes, G., Woldeland, H. and Johansen, G. M. (1994): Immunosuppression in sheep experimentally infected with Ehrlichia phagocytophila . Res. Vet. Sci. 56 , 216–224.

    Johansen G. M. , 'Immunosuppression in sheep experimentally infected with Ehrlichia phagocytophila ' (1994 ) 56 Res. Vet. Sci. : 216 -224.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Magnarelli, L. A., Ijdo, J. W., Ramakrishnan, U., Henderson, D. W., Stafford, K. C. and Fikrig, E. (2004): Use of recombinant antigens of Borellia burgdorferi and Anaplasma phagocytophilum in enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay to detect antibodies in white-tailed deer. J. Wildl. Dis. 40 , 249–258.

    Fikrig E. , 'Use of recombinant antigens of Borellia burgdorferi and Anaplasma phagocytophilum in enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay to detect antibodies in white-tailed deer ' (2004 ) 40 J. Wildl. Dis. : 249 -258.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Massung, R. F., Slater, K., Owens, J. H., Nicholson, W. L., Mather, T. N., Solberg, V. B. and Olson, J. G. (1998): Nested PCR assay for detection of granulocytic ehrlichiae. J. Clin. Microbiol. 36 , 1090–1095.

    Olson J. G. , 'Nested PCR assay for detection of granulocytic ehrlichiae ' (1998 ) 36 J. Clin. Microbiol. : 1090 -1095.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Merdivenci, A. (1969): Studies on the ticks in Turkey (in Turkish). Published by the Faculty of Cerrahpasa Medicine, University of Istanbul, Istanbul, Turkey. 420pp.

    Merdivenci A. , '', in Published by the Faculty of Cerrahpasa Medicine , (1969 ) -.

  • Ogden, N. H., Bown, K., Horrocks, B. K., Woldehiwet, Z. and Bennett, M. (1998): Granulocytic Ehrlichia infection in Ixodid ticks and mammals in woodlands and uplands of the U.K. Med. Vet. Entomol. 12 , 423–429.

    Bennett M. , 'Granulocytic Ehrlichia infection in Ixodid ticks and mammals in woodlands and uplands of the U.K. ' (1998 ) 12 Med. Vet. Entomol. : 423 -429.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Ogden, N. H., Casey, A. N. J., French, N. P., Adams, J. D. W. and Woldehiwet, Z. (2002): Field evidence for density-dependent facilitation amongst Ixodes ricinus ticks feeding on sheep. Parasitol. 124 , 117–125.

    Woldehiwet Z. , 'Field evidence for density-dependent facilitation amongst Ixodes ricinus ticks feeding on sheep ' (2002 ) 124 Parasitol. : 117 -125.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Ogden, N. H., Casey, A. N. J., Woldehiwet, Z. and French, N. P. (2003): Transmission of Anaplasma phagocytophilum to Ixodes ricinus ticks from sheep in the acute and post-acute phases of Infection. Infect. Immun. 71 , 2071–2078.

    French N. P. , 'Transmission of Anaplasma phagocytophilum to Ixodes ricinus ticks from sheep in the acute and post-acute phases of Infection ' (2003 ) 71 Infect. Immun. : 2071 -2078.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Overas, J., Lund, A., Ulvand, M. J. and Waldeland, H. (1993): Tick-borne fever, a possible predisposing factor in septicemic pasteurellosis in lambs. Vet. Rec. 133 , 398.

    Waldeland H. , 'Tick-borne fever, a possible predisposing factor in septicemic pasteurellosis in lambs ' (1993 ) 133 Vet. Rec. : 398 -.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Paxton, E. A. and Scott, G. R. (1989): Detection of antibodies to the agent of tick-borne fever by indirect immunofluorescence. Vet. Microbiol. 21 , 133–138.

    Scott G. R. , 'Detection of antibodies to the agent of tick-borne fever by indirect immunofluorescence ' (1989 ) 21 Vet. Microbiol. : 133 -138.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Petrovec, M., Furlan, S. L., Zupanc, T. A., Strle, F., Brouqui, P., Roux, V. and Dumler, J. S. (1997): Human disease in Europe caused by a granulocytic Ehrlichia species. J. Clin. Microbiol. 35 , 1556–1559.

    Dumler J. S. , 'Human disease in Europe caused by a granulocytic Ehrlichia species ' (1997 ) 35 J. Clin. Microbiol. : 1556 -1559.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Poitout, F. M., Shinozaki, J. K., Stockwell, P. J., Holland, C. J. and Shukla, S. K. (2005): Genetic variants of Anaplasma phagocytophilum infecting dogs in Western Washington State. J. Clin. Microbiol. 43 , 796–801.

    Shukla S. K. , 'Genetic variants of Anaplasma phagocytophilum infecting dogs in Western Washington State ' (2005 ) 43 J. Clin. Microbiol. : 796 -801.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Retief, G. P., Neitz, W. O. and McFarlane, I. S. (1971): Observation on the effect of tick-borne fever ( Cytoecetes phagocytophila ) on the spermatogenesis of bulls. J. South Afr. Vet. Med. Assoc. 42 , 321–325.

    McFarlane I. S. , 'Observation on the effect of tick-borne fever (Cytoecetes phagocytophila) on the spermatogenesis of bulls ' (1971 ) 42 J. South Afr. Vet. Med. Assoc. : 321 -325.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Skarphédinsson, S., Jensen, P. M. and Kristiansen, K. (2005): Survey of tick-borne infections in Denmark. Emerg. Infect. Dis. 11 , 1055–1061.

    Kristiansen K. , 'Survey of tick-borne infections in Denmark ' (2005 ) 11 Emerg. Infect. Dis. : 1055 -1061.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Strle, F. (2004): Human granulocytic ehrlichiosis in Europe. Int. J. Med. Microbiol. 293 , 27–35.

    Strle F. , 'Human granulocytic ehrlichiosis in Europe ' (2004 ) 293 Int. J. Med. Microbiol. : 27 -35.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Stuen, S. and Bergstrom, K. (2001): Serological investigation of granulocytic Ehrlichia infection in sheep in Norway. Acta Vet Scand. 42 , 331–338.

    Bergstrom K. , 'Serological investigation of granulocytic Ehrlichia infection in sheep in Norway ' (2001 ) 42 Acta Vet Scand : 331 -338.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Stuen, S., Djuve, R. and Bergstrom, K. (2001): Persistence of granulocytic Ehrlichia infection during wintertime in two sheep flocks in Norway. Acta Vet. Scand. 42 , 347–353.

    Bergstrom K. , 'Persistence of granulocytic Ehrlichia infection during wintertime in two sheep flocks in Norway ' (2001 ) 42 Acta Vet. Scand. : 347 -353.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Stuen, S., Harden, F. and Larsen, H. J. (1992): Resistance to tick-borne fever in young lambs. Res. Vet. Sci. 52 , 211–216.

    Larsen H. J. , 'Resistance to tick-borne fever in young lambs ' (1992 ) 52 Res. Vet. Sci. : 211 -216.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Stuen, S., Van De Pol, I., Bergstrom, K. and Schouls, L. M. (2002): Identification of Anaplasma phagocytophila (formerly Ehrlichia phagocytophila ) variants in blood from sheep in Norway. J. Clin. Microbiol. 40 , 3192–3197.

    Schouls L. M. , 'Identification of Anaplasma phagocytophila (formerly Ehrlichia phagocytophila) variants in blood from sheep in Norway ' (2002 ) 40 J. Clin. Microbiol. : 3192 -3197.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Tarello, W. (2005): Microscopic and clinical evidence for Anaplasma ( Ehrlichia ) phagocytophilum infection in Italian cats. Vet. Rec. 11 , 772–774.

    Tarello W. , 'Microscopic and clinical evidence for Anaplasma (Ehrlichia) phagocytophilum infection in Italian cats ' (2005 ) 11 Vet. Rec. : 772 -774.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Watson, W. A. (1964): Infertility in the ram associated with tick-borne fever. Vet. Rec. 7 , 1131–1136.

    Watson W. A. , 'Infertility in the ram associated with tick-borne fever ' (1964 ) 7 Vet. Rec. : 1131 -1136.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Wilson, J. E., Foggy, A. and Carmichael, M. A. (1964): Tick-borne fever as a cause of abortion and still-births in cattle. Vet. Rec. 76 , 1081–1084.

    Carmichael M. A. , 'Tick-borne fever as a cause of abortion and still-births in cattle ' (1964 ) 76 Vet. Rec. : 1081 -1084.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Woldehiwet, Z. and Horrocks, B. K. (2005): Antigenicity of ovine strains of Anaplasma phagocytophilum grown in tick cells and ovine granulocytes. J. Comp. Pathol. 132 , 322–328.

    Horrocks B. K. , 'Antigenicity of ovine strains of Anaplasma phagocytophilum grown in tick cells and ovine granulocytes ' (2005 ) 132 J. Comp. Pathol. : 322 -328.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Woldehiwet, Z. and Scott, G. R. (1982): Immunological studies on tick-borne fever in sheep. J. Comp. Pathol. 92 , 457–467.

    Scott G. R. , 'Immunological studies on tick-borne fever in sheep ' (1982 ) 92 J. Comp. Pathol. : 457 -467.

    • Search Google Scholar

Author information is available in PDF.
Please, download the file from HERE.

The manuscript preparation instructions is available in PDF.
Please, download the file from HERE.

Senior editors

Editor-in-Chief: Mária BENKŐ

Managing Editor: András SZÉKELY

Editorial Board

  • Béla DÉNES (National Food Chain Safety Office, Budapest Hungary)
  • Edit ESZTERBAUER (Veterinary Medical Research Institute, Budapest, Hungary)
  • Hedvig FÉBEL (National Agricultural Innovation Centre, Herceghalom, Hungary)
  • László FODOR (University of Veterinary Medicine, Budapest, Hungary)
  • Balázs HARRACH (Veterinary Medical Research Institute, Budapest, Hungary)
  • Peter MASSÁNYI (Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Nitra, Slovak Republic)
  • Béla NAGY (Veterinary Medical Research Institute, Budapest, Hungary)
  • Tibor NÉMETH (University of Veterinary Medicine, Budapest, Hungary)
  • Zsuzsanna NEOGRÁDY (University of Veterinary Medicine, Budapest, Hungary)
  • Alessandra PELAGALLI (University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy)
  • Kurt PFISTER (Ludwig-Maximilians-University of Munich, Munich, Germany)
  • László SOLTI (University of Veterinary Medicine, Budapest, Hungary)
  • József SZABÓ (University of Veterinary Medicine, Budapest, Hungary)
  • Péter VAJDOVICH (University of Veterinary Medicine, Budapest, Hungary)
  • János VARGA (University of Veterinary Medicine, Budapest, Hungary)
  • Štefan VILČEK (University of Veterinary Medicine in Kosice, Kosice, Slovak Republic)
  • Károly VÖRÖS (University of Veterinary Medicine, Budapest, Hungary)
  • Herbert WEISSENBÖCK (University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna, Austria)
  • Attila ZSARNOVSZKY (Szent István University, Gödöllő, Hungary)

ACTA VETERINARIA HUNGARICA
Institute for Veterinary Medical Research
Centre for Agricultural Research
Hungarian Academy of Sciences
P.O. Box 18, H-1581 Budapest, Hungary
Phone: (36 1) 467 4081 (ed.-in-chief) or (36 1) 213 9793 (editor) Fax: (36 1) 467 4076 (ed.-in-chief) or (36 1) 213 9793

Indexing and Abstracting Services:

  • Biological Abstracts
  • BIOSIS Previews
  • CAB Abstracts
  • Chemical Abstracts
  • Current Contents: Agriculture, Biology and Environmental Sciences
  • Elsevier Science Navigator
  • Focus On: Veterinary Science and Medicine
  • Global Health
  • Index Medicus
  • Index Veterinarius
  • Medline
  • Science Citation Index
  • Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch)
  • SCOPUS
  • The ISI Alerting Services
  • Zoological Abstracts

 

2020  
Total Cites 987
WoS
Journal
Impact Factor
0,955
Rank by Veterinary Sciences 101/146 (Q3)
Impact Factor  
Impact Factor 0,920
without
Journal Self Cites
5 Year 1,164
Impact Factor
Journal  0,57
Citation Indicator  
Rank by Journal  Veterinary Sciences 93/166 (Q3)
Citation Indicator   
Citable 49
Items
Total 49
Articles
Total 0
Reviews
Scimago 33
H-index
Scimago 0,395
Journal Rank
Scimago Veterinary (miscellaneous) Q2
Quartile Score  
Scopus 355/217=1,6
Scite Score  
Scopus General Veterinary 73/183 (Q2)
Scite Score Rank  
Scopus 0,565
SNIP  
Days from  145
submission  
to acceptance  
Days from  150
acceptance  
to publication  
Acceptance 19%
Rate

 

2019  
Total Cites
WoS
798
Impact Factor 0,991
Impact Factor
without
Journal Self Cites
0,897
5 Year
Impact Factor
1,092
Immediacy
Index
0,119
Citable
Items
59
Total
Articles
59
Total
Reviews
0
Cited
Half-Life
9,1
Citing
Half-Life
9,2
Eigenfactor
Score
0,00080
Article Influence
Score
0,253
% Articles
in
Citable Items
100,00
Normalized
Eigenfactor
0,09791
Average
IF
Percentile
42,606
Scimago
H-index
32
Scimago
Journal Rank
0,372
Scopus
Scite Score
335/213=1,6
Scopus
Scite Score Rank
General Veterinary 62/178 (Q2)
Scopus
SNIP
0,634
Acceptance
Rate
18%

 

Acta Veterinaria Hungarica
Publication Model Hybrid
Submission Fee none
Article Processing Charge 1100 EUR/article
Printed Color Illustrations 40 EUR (or 10 000 HUF) + VAT / piece
Regional discounts on country of the funding agency World Bank Lower-middle-income economies: 50%
World Bank Low-income economies: 100%
Further Discounts Editorial Board / Advisory Board members: 50%
Corresponding authors, affiliated to an EISZ member institution subscribing to the journal package of Akadémiai Kiadó: 100%
Subscription fee 2021 Online subsscription: 696 EUR / 872 USD
Print + online subscription: 804 EUR / 1004 USD
Subscription fee 2022 Online subsscription: 710 EUR / 892 USD
Print + online subscription: 824 EUR / 1028 USD
Subscription Information Online subscribers are entitled access to all back issues published by Akadémiai Kiadó for each title for the duration of the subscription, as well as Online First content for the subscribed content.
Purchase per Title Individual articles are sold on the displayed price.

Acta Veterinaria Hungarica
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
1951
Publication
Programme
2020 Volume 68
Volumes
per Year
1
Issues
per Year
4
Founder Magyar Tudományos Akadémia
Founder's
Address
H-1051 Budapest, Hungary, Széchenyi István tér 9.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 0236-6290 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2705 (Online)

Monthly Content Usage

Abstract Views Full Text Views PDF Downloads
Jun 2021 27 0 0
Jul 2021 14 0 0
Aug 2021 20 2 2
Sep 2021 8 0 0
Oct 2021 10 0 0
Nov 2021 9 0 0
Dec 2021 0 0 0