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  • 1 Szent István University Department and Clinic of Reproduction and Obstetrics, Faculty of Veterinary Science István u. 2 H-1078 Budapest Hungary
  • 2 University of Debrecen Institute of Animal Sciences Debrecen Hungary
  • 3 University of Thessaly Clinic of Reproduction and Obstetrics, Veterinary Faculty Karditsa Greece
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Artificial insemination (AI) can undoubtedly be regarded as the oldest and most widely used assisted reproductive technique/technology (ART) applied in livestock production and it is one of the most important ARTs. The three cornerstones of its application are that it is simple, economical and successful. Artificial insemination offers many well-known benefits for producers. Fresh, fresh + diluted + chilled and frozen semen can be used for AI in small ruminants. To ensure its successful use, the AI technique must be selected on the basis of the type of semen planned to be used. This review paper gives a detailed overview of semen processing and its effects on semen quality, as well as of the AI techniques applied in small ruminants and their success rates.

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