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  • 1 Szent István University Department of Clinical Pathology and Oncology, Faculty of Veterinary Science István utca 2 H-1078 Budapest Hungary
  • 2 Szent István University Department of Parasitology and Zoology, Faculty of Veterinary Science István utca 2 H-1078 Budapest Hungary
  • 3 Szent István University Department and Clinic of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Science István utca 2 H-1078 Budapest Hungary
  • 4 DuoBakt Veterinary Laboratory Budapest Hungary
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Pulmonary angiostrongylosis was diagnosed by the Baermann method and larval identification from faecal and bronchoalveolar lavage samples in a five-month- old male mongrel dog with dyspnoea and cough. Arterial blood gas analysis indicated arterial hypoxaemia and restrictive pneumopathy. In addition to the palliative treatment, fenbendazole was administered (50 mg/kg/24 h per os) for 14 days. The respiratory signs subsided within a short time clinically, but serial arterial blood gas analysis demonstrated an ongoing ventilation disorder. Repeated haematology, thoracic radiography, bronchoscopy and blood gas analysis were performed to follow the course of the disease. The most severe eosinophilia was detected after the beginning of the anthelmintic therapy, and the arterial pO2 level was permanently low. Arterial blood gas analysis provided the most adequate information about the course of the pneumopathy and it greatly facilitated the patient’s medical management.

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