Authors:
Sergio Villanueva-Saz Animal Pathology Department, Veterinary Faculty, Zaragoza University, Miguel Servet 177, 50013, Zaragoza, Spain
Clinical Immunology Laboratory, Veterinary Faculty, Zaragoza University, Zaragoza, Spain
Instituto Agroalimentario de Aragón-IA2 (Universidad de Zaragoza-CITA), Zaragoza, Spain

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Jacobo Giner Animal Pathology Department, Veterinary Faculty, Zaragoza University, Miguel Servet 177, 50013, Zaragoza, Spain
Clinical Immunology Laboratory, Veterinary Faculty, Zaragoza University, Zaragoza, Spain
Instituto Agroalimentario de Aragón-IA2 (Universidad de Zaragoza-CITA), Zaragoza, Spain
Menescalia Veterinary Clinic, Valencia, Spain

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Maite Verde Animal Pathology Department, Veterinary Faculty, Zaragoza University, Miguel Servet 177, 50013, Zaragoza, Spain
Clinical Immunology Laboratory, Veterinary Faculty, Zaragoza University, Zaragoza, Spain
Instituto Agroalimentario de Aragón-IA2 (Universidad de Zaragoza-CITA), Zaragoza, Spain

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Andrés Yzuel Clinical Immunology Laboratory, Veterinary Faculty, Zaragoza University, Zaragoza, Spain

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Delia Lacasta Animal Pathology Department, Veterinary Faculty, Zaragoza University, Miguel Servet 177, 50013, Zaragoza, Spain
Instituto Agroalimentario de Aragón-IA2 (Universidad de Zaragoza-CITA), Zaragoza, Spain

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Héctor Ruíz Animal Pathology Department, Veterinary Faculty, Zaragoza University, Miguel Servet 177, 50013, Zaragoza, Spain

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Asier Basurco Animal Pathology Department, Veterinary Faculty, Zaragoza University, Miguel Servet 177, 50013, Zaragoza, Spain
Clinical Immunology Laboratory, Veterinary Faculty, Zaragoza University, Zaragoza, Spain

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Ana González Animal Pathology Department, Veterinary Faculty, Zaragoza University, Miguel Servet 177, 50013, Zaragoza, Spain
Clinical Immunology Laboratory, Veterinary Faculty, Zaragoza University, Zaragoza, Spain

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Diana Marteles Clinical Immunology Laboratory, Veterinary Faculty, Zaragoza University, Zaragoza, Spain

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Antonio Fernández Animal Pathology Department, Veterinary Faculty, Zaragoza University, Miguel Servet 177, 50013, Zaragoza, Spain
Clinical Immunology Laboratory, Veterinary Faculty, Zaragoza University, Zaragoza, Spain
Instituto Agroalimentario de Aragón-IA2 (Universidad de Zaragoza-CITA), Zaragoza, Spain

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Abstract

Dirofilaria immitis is an endemic mosquito-borne pathogen widely spread throughout Europe as well as North and South America. Infection by D. immitis has been reported in domestic ferrets, although little is known about the occurrence and the epidemiological features of this nematode in this species. The aim of the present retrospective study was to assess the prevalence of D. immitis antibodies using an in-house enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay specifically developed for use in ferrets. One hundred and eighty-six serum samples were obtained from the Province of Valencia (Spain), an area endemic for dirofilariosis. Of the 186 serum samples included in the study, 27 (14.51%) were classified as D. immitis seropositive and 159 samples as D. immitis seronegative. The results provide valuable information on the seroprevalence of D. immitis infection in domestic ferrets in an area endemic for this vector-borne pathogen. The presence of seropositive ferrets should be taken into account and preventive measures should be implemented, including the possibility of serological screening for the early detection of Dirofilaria antibodies as a serological marker of exposure. This is the first study that demonstrates the presence of D. immitis exposure in ferrets in Spain. Veterinarians working in endemic areas should be aware of this infection in ferrets and their susceptibility.

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  • American Heartworm Society (2014): Current feline guidelines for the prevention, diagnosis, and management of heartworm (Dirofilaria immitis) infection in cats. https://www.heartwormsociety.org/veterinary-resources/american-heartworm-society-guidelines.

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  • Giner, J., Basurco, A., Alcover, M. M., Riera, C., Fisa, R., López, R. A., Juan-Sallés, C., Verde, M. T., Fernández, A., Yzuel, A. and Villanueva-Saz, S. (2020): First report on natural infection with Leishmania infantum in a domestic ferret (Mustela putorius furo) in Spain. Vet. Parasitol. Reg. Stud. Reports 19 ,100369.

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  • Giner, J., Villanueva-Saz, S., Fernández, A., Gómez, M. A., Podra, M., Lizarraga, P., Lacasta, D., Ruiz, H., Del Carmen Aranda, M., de Los Ángeles Jimenez, M., Hernández, R., Yzuel, A. and Verde, M. (2022): Detection of anti-Leishmania infantum antibodies in wild European and American mink (Mustela lutreola and Neovison vison) from Northern Spain, 2014–20. J. Wildl. Dis. 58 ,198204.

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  • Montoya-Alonso, J. A., Carretón, E., García-Guasch, L., Expósito, J., Armario, B., Morchón, R. and Simón, F. (2014): First epidemiological report of feline heartworm infection in the Barcelona metropolitan area (Spain). Parasites Vectors 7 ,506.

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  • Montoya-Alonso, J. A., García Rodríguez, S. N., Carretón, E., Rodríguez Escolar, I., Costa-Rodríguez, N., Matos, J. I. and Morchón, R. (2022): Seroprevalence of feline heartworm in Spain: completing the epidemiological puzzle of a neglected disease in the cat. Front. Vet. Sci. 9 ,900371.

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  • Montoya-Alonso, J. A., Morchón, R., Costa-Rodríguez, N., Matos, J. I., Falcón-Cordón, Y., Carretón, E. (2020): Current distribution of selected vector-borne diseases in dogs in Spain. Front. Vet. Sci. 7 ,564429.

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  • Morrisey, J. K. and Malakoff, R. L. (2021): Cardiovascular and other diseases of ferrets. In: Quesenberry, K. E., Orcutt, C. J., Mans, C. and Carpenter, J. W. (eds) Ferrets, Rabbits, and Rodents. Clinical Medicine and Surgery. 4th ed. Elsevier, St. Louis, United States. pp. 5563.

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  • Pennisi, M. G., Tasker, S., Hartmann, K., Belák, S., Addie, D., Boucraut-Baralon, C., Egberink, H., Frymus, T., Hofmann-Lehmann, R., Hosie, M., Lloret, A., Marsilio, F., Thiry, E., Truyen, U. and Möstl, K. (2020): Dirofilarioses in cats: European guidelines from the ABCD on prevention and management. J. Feline Med. Surg. 22 ,442451.

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  • Prieto, G., McCall, J. W., Venco, L., Genchi, M., Simon, F. and Genchi, C. (2001): IgG response against infective larvae of Dirofilaria immitis in experimentally infected cats. Vet. Res. 32 ,9396.

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  • Sasai, H., Kato, K., Sasaki, T., Koyama, S., Kotani, T. and Fukata, T. (2000): Echocardiographic diagnosis of dirofilariasis in a ferret. J. Small Anim. Pract. 41 ,172174.

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  • Simón, F., Siles-Lucas, M., Morchón, R., González-Miguel, J., Mellado, I., Carretón, E. and Montoya-Alonso, J. A. (2012): Human and animal dirofilariasis: the emergence of a zoonotic mosaic. Clin. Microbiol. Rev. 25 ,507544.

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  • Villanueva-Saz, S., Giner, J., Verde, M., Yzuel, A., González, A., Lacasta, D., Marteles, D. and Fernández, A. (2021): Prevalence of microfilariae, antigen and antibodies of feline dirofilariosis infection (Dirofilaria immitis) in the Zaragoza metropolitan area, Spain. Vet. Parasitol. Reg. Stud. Reports 23 ,100541.

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  • Villanueva-Saz, S., Martínez, M., Ramirez, J. D., Herrera, G., Marteles, D., Servián, M., Verde, M., Giner, J., Lacasta, D., RuízH., Yzuel, A. and Fernández, A. (2022): Evaluation of five different rapid immunochromatographic tests for canine leishmaniosis in Spain. Acta Trop. 229, 106371.

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  • Wagner, R. A. (2009): Ferret cardiology. Vet. Clin. North Am. Exot. Anim. Pract. 12 ,115134.

  • Zaffarano, B. (2015): Diagnosis, treatment, & prevention of heartworm disease in ferrets. Today’s Vet. Pract. 2015 ,8083.

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Senior editors

Editor-in-Chief: Ferenc BASKA

Editorial assistant: Szilvia PÁLINKÁS

 

Editorial Board

  • Mária BENKŐ (Acta Veterinaria Hungarica, Budapest, Hungary)
  • Gábor BODÓ (University of Veterinary Medicine, Budapest, Hungary)
  • Béla DÉNES (University of Veterinary Medicine, Budapest Hungary)
  • Edit ESZTERBAUER (Veterinary Medical Research Institute, Budapest, Hungary)
  • Hedvig FÉBEL (National Agricultural Innovation Centre, Herceghalom, Hungary)
  • László FODOR (University of Veterinary Medicine, Budapest, Hungary)
  • János GÁL (University of Veterinary Medicine, Budapest, Hungary)
  • Balázs HARRACH (Veterinary Medical Research Institute, Budapest, Hungary)
  • Peter MASSÁNYI (Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Nitra, Slovak Republic)
  • Béla NAGY (Veterinary Medical Research Institute, Budapest, Hungary)
  • Tibor NÉMETH (University of Veterinary Medicine, Budapest, Hungary)
  • Zsuzsanna NEOGRÁDY (University of Veterinary Medicine, Budapest, Hungary)
  • Dušan PALIĆ (Ludwig Maximilian University, Munich, Germany)
  • Alessandra PELAGALLI (University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy)
  • Kurt PFISTER (Ludwig-Maximilians-University of Munich, Munich, Germany)
  • László SOLTI (University of Veterinary Medicine, Budapest, Hungary)
  • József SZABÓ (University of Veterinary Medicine, Budapest, Hungary)
  • Péter VAJDOVICH (University of Veterinary Medicine, Budapest, Hungary)
  • János VARGA (University of Veterinary Medicine, Budapest, Hungary)
  • Štefan VILČEK (University of Veterinary Medicine in Kosice, Kosice, Slovak Republic)
  • Károly VÖRÖS (University of Veterinary Medicine, Budapest, Hungary)
  • Herbert WEISSENBÖCK (University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna, Austria)
  • Attila ZSARNOVSZKY (Szent István University, Gödöllő, Hungary)

ACTA VETERINARIA HUNGARICA
Institute for Veterinary Medical Research
Centre for Agricultural Research
Hungarian Academy of Sciences
P.O. Box 18, H-1581 Budapest, Hungary
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E-mail: acta.veterinaria@univet.hu (ed.-in-chief)

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2022  
Web of Science  
Total Cites
WoS
972
Journal Impact Factor 0.900
Rank by Impact Factor

Veterinary Sciences 95/143

Impact Factor
without
Journal Self Cites
0.900
5 Year
Impact Factor
1.1
Journal Citation Indicator 0.47
Rank by Journal Citation Indicator

Veterinary Sciences 103/170

Scimago  
Scimago
H-index
38
Scimago
Journal Rank
0.277
Scimago Quartile Score

Veterinary (miscellaneous) Q2

Scopus  
Scopus
Cite Score
1.9
Scopus
CIte Score Rank
General Veterinary 76/186 (59th PCTL)
Scopus
SNIP
0.475

2021  
Web of Science  
Total Cites
WoS
1040
Journal Impact Factor 0,959
Rank by Impact Factor Veterinary Sciences 103/144
Impact Factor
without
Journal Self Cites
0,876
5 Year
Impact Factor
1,222
Journal Citation Indicator 0,48
Rank by Journal Citation Indicator Veterinary Sciences 106/168
Scimago  
Scimago
H-index
36
Scimago
Journal Rank
0,313
Scimago Quartile Score Veterinary (miscellaneous) (Q2)
Scopus  
Scopus
Cite Score
1,7
Scopus
CIte Score Rank
General Veterinary 79/183 (Q2)
Scopus
SNIP
0,610

2020  
Total Cites 987
WoS
Journal
Impact Factor
0,955
Rank by Veterinary Sciences 101/146 (Q3)
Impact Factor  
Impact Factor 0,920
without
Journal Self Cites
5 Year 1,164
Impact Factor
Journal  0,57
Citation Indicator  
Rank by Journal  Veterinary Sciences 93/166 (Q3)
Citation Indicator   
Citable 49
Items
Total 49
Articles
Total 0
Reviews
Scimago 33
H-index
Scimago 0,395
Journal Rank
Scimago Veterinary (miscellaneous) Q2
Quartile Score  
Scopus 355/217=1,6
Scite Score  
Scopus General Veterinary 73/183 (Q2)
Scite Score Rank  
Scopus 0,565
SNIP  
Days from  145
submission  
to acceptance  
Days from  150
acceptance  
to publication  
Acceptance 19%
Rate

 

2019  
Total Cites
WoS
798
Impact Factor 0,991
Impact Factor
without
Journal Self Cites
0,897
5 Year
Impact Factor
1,092
Immediacy
Index
0,119
Citable
Items
59
Total
Articles
59
Total
Reviews
0
Cited
Half-Life
9,1
Citing
Half-Life
9,2
Eigenfactor
Score
0,00080
Article Influence
Score
0,253
% Articles
in
Citable Items
100,00
Normalized
Eigenfactor
0,09791
Average
IF
Percentile
42,606
Scimago
H-index
32
Scimago
Journal Rank
0,372
Scopus
Scite Score
335/213=1,6
Scopus
Scite Score Rank
General Veterinary 62/178 (Q2)
Scopus
SNIP
0,634
Acceptance
Rate
18%

 

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Acta Veterinaria Hungarica
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
1951
Volumes
per Year
1
Issues
per Year
4
Founder Magyar Tudományos Akadémia
Founder's
Address
H-1051 Budapest, Hungary, Széchenyi István tér 9.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
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Publisher
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ISSN 0236-6290 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2705 (Online)

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