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  • 1 Veterinary University Vienna, Diagnostic Imaging, Veterinärplatz 1, A-1210Vienna, Austria
  • | 2 Medicopus Nonprofit Ltd, Guba S. u. 40, H-7400Kaposvár, Hungary
  • | 3 Department of Clinical Sciences, Diagnostic Imaging Service, Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine at Tufts University, Boston, USA
  • | 4 Department of Head and Neck for ENT and Oncologic/Reconstructive/Endocrine and Robotic-assisted Head and Neck Surgery, Agaplesion Bethanien and Markus Hospitals, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
  • | 5 Auvet Pharma Ltd, Kaposvár, Hungary
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Abstract

Hippocampal changes in epilepsy may manifest as hippocampal atrophy/sclerosis. A recent human study suggests that the demonstration of hippocampal volume loss is more reliable using quantitative evaluation methods. The aim of the present study was to obtain volumetric data in both epileptic and healthy dogs, to compare hippocampal volumes in both groups, and to compare subjective and volumetric assessment. Volumetric measurements of the hippocampi, lateral ventricles and hemispheria were performed in 31 epileptic and 15 control dogs. There was a positive association between the body weight and the hemispheric volume, as well as between the hemispheric volume and the ipsilateral hippocampal volume. There was no significant correlation between age and the volume of any measured brain structures. There was no statistically significant difference between the hippocampal volumes of the control group and the epileptic group. A statistically significant difference between the two groups for hippocampus/hemispherium ratio or hippocampal asymmetric ratio was not identified. An extrapolated hippocampal volume based on body weight was not possible in this study population.

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