View More View Less
  • 1 Research Institute for Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry (RISSAC) of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences H-1022 Budapest 15 Herman Ottó Str. Hungary
Restricted access

Purchase article

USD  $25.00

1 year subscription (Individual Only)

USD  $184.00

The aim of the present study was to establish whether the 1 M NH 4 NO 3 extraction is a suitable method for determining the background concentrations of mobile element fractions in soils and for describing the relations among mobile element fractions and soil properties. The 1 M NH 4 NO 3 extraction resulted As, Cr and Pb concentrations below the detection limit in 90% of the investigated soils. This shows that the mobile element content determined simply in 1 M NH 4 NO 3 solution is probably inadequate for the determination of the mobile background concentrations of these elements. Therefore, in the risk assessment of soil contamination other soil properties and element fractions – like “total” (cc. HNO 3 +H 2 O 2 soluble) – should also be taken into consideration. The mobile Al concentration increased exponentially below pH 4. No correlation was found among 1 M NH 4 NO 3 soluble mobile As, Cr, Cu and Pb element concentrations and any investigated soil property. Mobile Co, Mn, Al, Ni and Zn concentrations were determined mainly by soil pH. Soil colloid content correlated particularly with mobile Sr and B contents.

  • 10/2000. (VI.2.) KöM-EüM-FVM-KHVM common order on the standard limits for the protection of underground water and geological medium. (In Hungarian). Magyar Közlöny. 2000/53. 3156–3167.

  • Adams, M. L. et al., 2000. The relationship between soil solution pH and Al 3+ concentrations in a range of South Island (New Zeland) soils. Aust. J. Soil Res. 38. 141–153.

  • DIN 19730. 1995. Bodenbeschaffenheit, Extraktion von Spurenelementen mit Ammoniumnitratlösung. Deutsches Institut für Normierung. Beuth Verlag. Berlin.

  • Filep, Gy. & Füleky, Gy., 1999. Chemical properties of soils. In: Soil Science. (In Hungarian) (Ed.: Stefanovits, P.). 86–130. Mezőgazda Kiadó. Budapest.

  • Filep, Gy. & Rédly L.-né, 1988. Interpretation of the forms of soil acidity and the acid-base buffering action of the soil. (In Hungarian). Agrokémia és Talajtan. 36–37. 79–96.

  • Füleky, Gy. & Filep, Gy., 1999. Soil organic matter. In: Soil Science (In Hungarian) (Ed.: Stefanovits, P.). 71–85. Mezőgazda Kiadó. Budapest.

  • García, I. et al., 2009. Mobility of arsenic and heavy metals in a sandy-loam textured and carbonated soil. Pedosphere. 19. 166–175.

  • Gooddy, D. C. et al., 1995. Field-based partition coefficients for trace elements in soil solutions. Eur. J. Soil Sci. 46. 265–285.

  • Gupta, S. K., Vollmer, M. K. & Krebs, R., 1996. The importance of mobile, mobilisable and pseudo total heavy metal fractions in soil for three-level risk assessment and risk management. Sci. of The Total Env. 178. 11–20.

  • He, Q. B. & Singh, B. R., 1993. Plant availability of cadmium in soils I. Acta Agric Scand. 43. 134–141.

  • Kádár, I., 2007. Assessment of soil pollution from a researcher’s view. (In Hungarian) Agrokémia és Talajtan. 56. 391–408.

  • Kádár, I., 2008. Assessment of soil pollution from a researcher’s view. 3. (In Hungarian) Agrokémia és Talajtan. 57. 334–346.

  • Kádár, I. & Morvai, B., 2008. Study on the effect of urban sewage sludge application in a pot experiment. II. (In Hungarian) Agrokémia és Talajtan. 57. 97–112.

  • Kirkby, E. A., 2005. Essential elements. In: Encyclopedia of Soils in the Environment 1. (Ed.: Hillel, D. ) 478–485. Elsevier. Oxford.

  • Krug, E. C. & Frink, C. R., 1983. Acid rain on acid soil: a new perspective. Science. 221. 520–525.

  • MSZ-08-0205:1978. Determination of physical and hydrophysical properties of soils. (In Hungarian) Hungarian Standard Association. Budapest.

  • MSZ-08-0206/2-1978. Evaluation of some chemical properties of the soil. Laboratory tests. (pH value, phenolphtalein alkalinity expressed in soda, total water soluble salt content, hydrolytic (y 1 value) and exchangeable acidity (y 2 value). (In Hungarian) Hungarian Standard Association. Budapest.

  • MSZ-08-0452:1980. Use of high-capacity analyser systems for soils analyses. Quantitative determination of the organic carbon content of the soil in Contiflo analyzer system. (In Hungarian) Hungarian Standard Association. Budapest.

  • Rékási, M & Filep, T., 2009. Effect of communal sewage sludge treatment on the Cu, Zn, Mn, Ni and Co fractions of the soil and on plant uptake in a pot experiment. (In Hungarian) Agrokémia és Talajtan. 58. 105–120.

  • UM [Umweltministerium Baden-Württemberg Hrsg.] 1993. Dritte Verwaltungsvorschrift des Umweltministeriums zum Bodenschutzgesetz über die Ermittlung und Einstufung von Gehalten anorganischer Schadstoffe im Boden (VwV Anorganische Schadstoffe). Gemeinsames Amtsblatt des Landes Baden-Württemberg (GABL). 30. 1029–1036. Stuttgart.

  • van den Berg, R., 1993. Risk assessment of contaminated soil: proposals for adjusted, toxicological based Dutch soil clean-up criteria. In: Contaminated Soil ’93. (Eds.: Arendt, F. et al.) 349–362. Kluwer Academic Publishers. The Netherlands.

  • Várallyay, Gy. , 1993. Soil data bases for sustainable land use – Hungarian case study. Proc. Symp. on Soil Resilience and Sustainable Land Use (Eds.: Greenland, D. J. & Szabolcs, I. ) 469–495. CAB International. Wallingford. UK.

  • Várallyay, Gy., 1994. Soil data-base for long-term field experiments and sustainable land use. Agrokémia és Talajtan. 43. 269–290.

  • Várallyay, Gy. et al., 1995. TIM – Hungarian Soil Information and Monitoring System. Methodology. (In Hungarian) Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development. Budapest.

  • Vermes, L., 2007. Context of land-use, soil quality and soil pollution from the aspect of environmental protection policy. (In Hungarian) Agrokémia és Talajtan. 56. 379–390.

  • Yermiyahu, U., Kerenb, R. & Chenc, Y., 2001. Effect of composted organic matter on boron uptake by plants. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 65. 1436–1441.

Monthly Content Usage

Abstract Views Full Text Views PDF Downloads
Jun 2020 0 3 0
Jul 2020 4 1 0
Aug 2020 1 0 0
Sep 2020 2 0 0
Oct 2020 0 0 0
Nov 2020 1 0 0
Dec 2020 0 0 0