View More View Less
  • 1 Centre for Agricultural and Applied Ecological Sciences, Debrecen University Department of Agricultural Chemistry and Soil Science H-4032 Debrecen 138 Böszörményi Str. Hungary
  • 2 University of Debrecen Karcag Research Institute of the Centre for Agricultural and Applied Economic Sciences Karcag Hungary
Restricted access

Purchase article

USD  $25.00

1 year subscription (Individual Only)

USD  $184.00

The effects of regular NPK fertilization on the amounts of winter wheat yield and the amounts and proportion of different N forms (NO 3 -N, NH 4 -N, N org , N total ) of a Luvic Phaeosem soil determined in 0.01 M CaCl 2 were studied in the B1740 variant of the National Long-Term Fertilization Experiment at Karcag. According to the yield data, N and P fertilization increased winter wheat yield significantly. When applying the 200 kg N·ha -1 dose, P fertilization resulted in a more than 2 t·ha -1 yield increase, as compared to the treatments without P fertilization. K fertilization had no effect on the yield, similarly to preceding years. These findings may be adapted to fields of the Middle-Tisza Region with similar conditions to the trial site. The N forms of the soil determined in CaCl 2 reflected fertilization well. All of the fractions, but especially NO 3 -N and N total , increased significantly in response to N fertilization. Close relationships (r = 0.87–0.88) were found among the NO 3 -N and N total fractions and the N balance, which means that the amounts of NO 3 -N and N total are suitable for assessing both the N deficit and the N surplus. The strength of the correlation between the NH 4 -N content and N balance was moderate (r = 0.65). The N org fraction increased significantly as a function of N and P fertilization. These results can be explained with the yield increase. A significant correlation (r = 0.55) was found between the N org fraction and yield amounts. It can be established that organic residuals remaining on the site resulted in a significant increase in the N org content of soils. The gained results confirm that the N org fraction is suitable for the characterization of the readily mobilizable N reserves previously ignored in fertilization practice. On the basis of the presented results the CaCl 2 method is recommended for the precise estimation of nutrient requirements.

  • Appel, T. & Mengel, K., 1990. Importance of organic nitrogen fractions in sandy soils, obtained by electro-ultrafiltration or CaCl 2 extraction, for nitrogen mineralization and nitrogen uptake of rape. Biology and Fertility of Soils. 10. 97–101.

  • Appel, T. & Mengel, K., 1993. Nitrogen fractions in sandy soils in relation to plant nitrogen uptake and organic matter incorporation. Soil Biol. & Biochem. 25. 685–691.

  • Appel, T. & Steffens, D., 1988. Vergleich von Electro-Ultrafiltration (EUF) und Extraktion mit 0.01 molarer CaCl 2 -Lösung zur Bestimmung des pflanzenverfügbaren Stickstoffs im Boden. Z Pflanzenernaer Bodenkd. 151. 127–130.

  • Ballenegger, R. & Mados, L., 1994. Soil Analytical Methods (In Hungarian) Mezőgazdasági Kiadó. Budapest.

  • Bocz, E., 1963. Application of organic and mineral fertilizers in cooperative farms (In Hungarian) MTA Agrártud. Oszt. Közlem. 22. 468–471.

  • Buzás, I. & Fekete, A., 1979. Fertilization Directives and Calculation Methods (In Hungarian) MÉM NAK. Budapest.

  • Houba, V. J. G., Jászberényi, I. & Loch, J., 1991. Application of 0,01 M CaCl 2 as a single extraction solution for evaluation of the nutritional status of Hungarian soils. Debreceni Agrártudományi Egyetem Tudományos Közleményei. 30. 85–89.

  • Houba, V. J. G. et al., 1986. Comparison of soil extractions by 0,01 M CaCl 2 , by EUF and by some conventional extraction procedures. Plant Soil. 96. 433–437.

  • Houba, V. J. G. et al., 1990. Applicability of 0,01 M CaCl 2 as a single extraction solution for the assessment of the nutrient status of soils and other diagnostic purposes. Commun. Soil Sci. Plant Anal. 21. 2281–2290.

  • Jászberényi, I., Loch, J. & Sarkadi, J., 1994. Experiences with 0,01 M calcium chloride as an extraction reagent for use as a soil testing procedure in Hungary. Commun. Soil Sci. and Plant Anal. 25. 1771–1777.

  • Kincses S.-né, 2002. Effect of NPK fertilization on the amount and element content of winter wheat and maize grain yield (In Hungarian) In: Conference on Topical Questions of Agrochemistry, Debrecen, June. (Eds.: Győri, Z. & Jávor, A. ) 163–171. DE ATC. Debrecen.

  • Kismányoky, T. & Debreczeni, B., 2002. Experiences in the fertilization of wheat and maize grown in the National Long-term Fertilization Experiments. In: 2nd Plant Production Day, “Integrational tasks in Hungarian plant production” Plant Production Committee of the HAS, Budapest. (In Hungarian) 133–137.

  • Kulcsár, L. et al., 1997. Investigation of the soil N-fractions in special consideration of the N-fertilizer recommendation for sugar beet. Poster, 11th World Fertilizer Congress, 7–13. September 1997, Gent, Belgium.

  • Latkovics, Gy.-né, 1967. Effects of NPK fertilizers in maize monoculture. In: Fertilization Experiments (1955–1964.) (In Hungarian) 261–269 Akadémiai Kiadó. Budapest.

  • Lazányi, J., Loch, J. & Jászberényi I., 2002. Analysis of 0.01 M CaCl 2 soluble organic nitrogen in the treatments of Westsik’s crop rotation experiment. Agrokémia és Talajtan. 51. 79–88.

  • Loch J., 2006. Evaluation of nutrient analytical methods. In: Application of soil analytical methods helping nutrient management in sandy soils of the Nyírség. (In Hungarian) (Eds.: Loch, J. & Lazányi, J. ) 51–77. Nyíregyháza.

  • Loch, J., Kiss, Sz. & Vágó, I., 2005. The role and importance of 0.01 M CaCl 2 soluble nutrient element fraction. In: Sustainable management of sandy soils in the Nyírség. (Ed.: Lazányi, J. ) (In Hungarian) 137–156. Westsik Vilmos Nyírségi Talajfejlesztési Alapítvány. Nyíregyháza.

  • Madsen, C. et al., 1994. Studies on the relationship between microbial biomass and extractable organic N fractions (N org ). In: Proc. 3rd Congress of the European Society of Agronomy. (Eds.: Borin, M. & Sattin, M. ) 498–499. ESA. Colmar, France.

  • Mengel, K., Scheider, B. & Kosegarden, H., 1999. Nitrogen compounds extracted by electroultrafiltration or CaCl 2 solution and their relationship to nitrogen mineralisation in soil. J. Plant Nutr. Soil Sci. 162. 139–148.

  • Nagy P. T. & Jászberényi I., 2002. Study of the N supplying capacity of soil in the Westsik crop rotation experiment with incubation methods (In Hungarian) In: Conference on Topical Questions of Agrochemistry, Debrecen, June. (Eds.: Győri, Z. & Jávor, A. ) 193–203. DE ATC. Debrecen.

  • Nagy P. T., Jászberényi I. & Loch J., 2002. Effect of fertilization on the amount of 0.01 M calcium chloride soluble nitrogen forms in the Nyírlugos long-term experiment (In Hungarian). In: Long-term Experiments, Regional Production, Rural Development (Eds.: Láng, I., Lazányi J. & Németh, T. ) 143–148. DE ATC. Debrecen.

  • Németh, K., 1972. Bodenuntersuchung mitteils Elektro-Ultrafiltration (EUF) mit mehrfach variierter Spannung. Landw. Forsch. Sonderh. 27. (II.) 184–196.

  • Olfs, H. W. & Werner, W., 1989. Veränderungen extraktierbarer N org -Mengen unter dem Einfluß variierter C/N Verhältnisse und Biomasse. VDLUFA-Schriftenreihe 28. (II.) 15–26.

  • Pálmai, O., Horváth, J. & Németh, T., 1998. Fertilization of winter cereals on the basis of the N min method in Fejér and Somogy counties (In Hungarian) Gyakorlati Agrofórum. 9. (4) 41–42.

  • Pepó, P. & Győri, Z., 2005. A study of the yield stability of winter wheat varieties. Cereal Research Communications. 33. (4) 769–776.

  • Sarkadi, J., 1975. Methods for the Estimation of Fertilizer Requirement (In Hungarian) Mezőgazda Kiadó. Budapest.

  • Várallyay, Gy. Sen., 1950. Experiments and investigations guiding fertilization. (In Hungarian) Agrokémia. 2. 287–302.

  • Wehrmann, J. & Scharpf, H. C., 1979. Der Mineralstickstoffgehalt des Bodens als Maßstab für den Stickstoffdüngerbedarf (N min -Methode). Plant and Soil. 52. 109–126.

  • Zhao, B. et al., 2010. Long-term fertilizer experiment network in China: crop yields and soil nutrient trends. Agronomy Journal. 102. 216–230.

Monthly Content Usage

Abstract Views Full Text Views PDF Downloads
Nov 2020 0 6 1
Dec 2020 1 0 0
Jan 2021 1 0 0
Feb 2021 0 0 0
Mar 2021 4 0 0
Apr 2021 0 0 0
May 2021 0 0 0