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  • 1 Szent István University, Gödöllő, Hungary
  • 2 Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest, Hungary
  • 3 Szent István University, Gödöllő, Hungary
  • 4 Nutrition Institute, Debrecen University, Debrecen, Hungary
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The estimation of environmental risk caused by pollution with potentially toxic elements (PTE) is usually carried out using the (3+1) step sequential extraction procedure suggested in 1993 by the Community Bureau of Reference (BCR). In the 1st step the water-soluble, exchangeable and carbonate-bound element content is extracted with acetic acid. In 2002 a fractionation procedure based on the application of supercritical CO2, subcritical H2O and of a mixture of subcritical H2O/CO2 was proposed, which allowed the water-soluble and carbonatebound element contents to be extracted separately from sediment or soil samples weighed into the preparative column of a supercritical fluid extractor and diluted with quartz sand in a mass ratio of 1:20. The aim of the present study was to develop a new reduced-size column construction with which this dilution rate could be decreased to 1:2. A kinetic study was performed to determine the extraction time necessary for samples with different carbonate contents and the extracted element contents were compared to the results of the BCR sequential procedure on the same samples. It was established that fractionation using the reduced-size column may be a rapid way to obtain more reliable information on the easily mobilizable (watersoluble and carbonate-bound) PTE content of soils and sediments than was previously available to supplement BCR fractionation.

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Language: Hungarian

Founded in 1951
Publication: One volume of two issues annually
Publication Programme: 2020. Vol. 69.

 

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Senior editors

Editor(s)-in-Chief: Rajkai, Kálmán

Honorary Editor-in-Chief(s): Várallyay, György

Technical Editor(s): Koós, Sándor

Technical Editor(s): Vass, Csaba

Editorial Board

  • Blaskó, Lajos (DE, Karcag)
  • Buzás, István
  • Farsang, Andrea (SZTE, Szeged)
  • Filep, Tibor (MTA CSFK, Budapest)
  • Fodor, Nándor (MTA ATK, Martonvásár)
  • Führer, Ernő (NAIK, Sopron)
  • Győri, Zoltán (SZIE, Gödöllő)
  • Jolánkai, Márton (SZIE, Gödöllő)
  • Kátai, János (DE, Debrecen)
  • Lehoczky, Éva (MTA ATK TAKI, Budapest)
  • Makó, András (MTA ATK TAKI, Budapest)
  • Michéli, Erika (SZIE, Gödöllő)
  • Németh, Tamás (MTA ATK TAKI, Budapest)
  • Pásztor, László (MTA ATK TAKI, Budapest)
  • Ragályi, Péter (MTA ATK TAKI, Budapest)
  • Schmidt, Rezső (NyME, Mosonmagyaróvár)
  • Szili-Kovács, Tibor (MTA ATK TAKI, Budapest)
  • Tamás, János (DE, Debrecen)
  • Tóth, Gergely (MTA ATK TAKI, Budapest)
  • Tóth, Tibor (MTA ATK TAKI, Budapest)

 

International Advisory Board

  • Blum, Winfried E. H.
  • Hofman, Georges
  • Horn, Rainer
  • Lichner, Ljubomir
  • Loch, Jakab
  • Nemes, Attila
  • Pachepsky, Yakov
  • Várallyay, György

 

Rajkai Kálmán
MTA ATK Talajtani és Agrokémiai Intézet
Herman Ottó út 15., H-1022 Budapest, Hungary
Phone: (+36 1) 212 2265
Fax: (+36 1) 485 5217
E-mail: Rajkai, Kálmán