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  • 1 Université Côte d’Azur, LJAD, France and University of Carthage, EPT - LIM, Tunisia
  • 2 University of Carthage, EPT - LIM, Tunisia
  • 3 Université Côte d’Azur, LJAD, France
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Abstract

Consider the sequence s of the signs of the coefficients of a real univariate polynomial P of degree d. Descartes’ rule of signs gives compatibility conditions between s and the pair (r+,r), where r+ is the number of positive roots and r the number of negative roots of P. It was recently asked if there are other compatibility conditions, and the answer was given in the form of a list of incompatible triples (s; r+,r) which begins at degree d = 4 and is known up to degree 8. In this paper we raise the question of the compatibility conditions for (s;r0+,r0;r1+,r1;;rd1+,rd1), whereri+ (resp.ri) is the number of positive (resp. negative) roots of the i-th derivative of P. We prove that up to degree 5, there are no other compatibility conditions than the Descartes conditions, the above recent incompatibilities for each i, and the trivial conditions given by Rolle’s theorem.

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