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  • 1 Department of Plant Genetics, Institute of Experimental Biology Estonian Agricultural University, Harku, Estonia
  • 2 Department of Plant Genetics, Institute of Experimental Biology Estonian Agricultural University, Harku, Estonia
  • 3 Department of Plant Genetics, Institute of Experimental Biology Estonian Agricultural University, Harku, Estonia
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Timopheevii wheats are discussed as donors for improving the disease resistance of common wheat. Attention is paid to the comparison of the morphological and chromosomal characteristics of Triticum timopheevii and T. militinae, their crossability with T. aestivum and their response to fungal diseases. The possible origin of T. militinae from an introgressive hybridization between T. timopheevii and an unknown species is discussed. Major genes for resistance to various fungal diseases, transferred to common wheat from T. timopheevii, are listed.

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