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G. VárallyayResearch Institute of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest, Hungary

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Soils represent a considerable part of the natural resources of Hungary. Consequently, rational land use and proper soil management - to guarantee normal soil functions - are important elements of sustainable (agricultural) development, having special importance both in the national economy and in environment protection. The main soil functions in the biosphere are as follows: -conditionally renewable natural resource; -reactor, transformer and integrator of the combined influences of other natural resources (solar -radiation, atmosphere, surface and subsurface waters, biological resources), site of “sphereinteractions”; -medium for biomass production, primary food-source of the biosphere; -storage of heat, water, plant nutrients and - in some special cases - wastes; -high capacity buffer medium, which may prevent or moderate the unfavourable consequences of various environmental stresses; -natural filter and detoxication system, which may protect the deeper geological formations and the subsurface waters from various pollutants; -significant gene reservoir, an important element of biodiversity; -conservator of natural and human heritages. Society has utilized these functions in different ways (rate, method, efficiency) throughout history, depending on the given natural conditions and socio-economic circumstances. In many cases the character of the particular functions has not been properly taken into consideration during the utilization of soil resources, and misguided management has resulted in their over-exploitation, in the decreasing efficiency of one or more soil functions, and - above a certain limit - in serious environmental deterioration. The scientifically based planning and implementation of sustainable land use and rational soil management to ensure desirable soil functions, without any undesirable environmental side-effects, require the efficient control of soil processes.

  • Proceedings of the Seminar on Technologies for Sustainable Agriculture (Budapest, 10 Sept., 1984) 1985: Agrokémia és Talajtan.34, Suppl. 125-210.

    () 34 Agrokémia és Talajtan. : 125 -210 .

  • Várallyay, Gy. 1996: Soil pollution management in Hungary. In: Remediation of Soil and Groundwater. Opportunities in Eastern Europe. McBean, E. A., Balek, J., Clegg, B(eds.), NATO ASI Series 2. Environment. Vol. 17. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht-Boston-London. Part II. II/5. pp. 87-112.

    Soil pollution management in Hungary , () 87 -112 .

  • Várallyay, Gy. 1997a: Sustainable development - a challenge for rational land use and soil management. In: Filep, G. (ed.), Land Use and Soil Management. Agric. Univ. Debrecen, 1-33.

    Sustainable development - a challenge for rational land use and soil management , () 1 -33 .

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  • Várallyay, Gy. 1997b: Environmental relationships of soil water management. Proc. 2nd Intern. Seminar on Soil, Plant and Environment Relationships, Debrecen, 1996. Current Plant and Soil Science in Agriculture.1-2, 7-32.

  • Várallyay, Gy. 1997c: A talaj és funkciói. (Soil and its functions.) Magyar Tudomány, 42, 1414-1430.

    'A talaj és funkciói. (Soil and its functions.) ' () 42 Magyar Tudomány : 1414 -1430 .

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  • Várallyay, G. 1998a: Soil degradation processes and their control in Hungary. In: Filep, G. (ed.), Soil Pollution. Agric. Univ. Debrecen. pp. 1-19.

    Soil degradation processes and their control in Hungary , () 1 -19 .

  • Várallyay, G. 1998b: Multifunctional soil management for sustainable development in Hungary. Agrokémia és Talajtan, 47, 7-22.

    'Multifunctional soil management for sustainable development in Hungary. ' () 47 Agrokémia és Talajtan : 7 -22 .

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  • Várallyay, Gy. 1999: Soils and their management in Hungary - potentialities and constrains. J. Indian Soc. Soil Sci., 47, 681-688.

    'Soils and their management in Hungary - potentialities and constrains. ' () 47 J. Indian Soc. Soil Sci. : 681 -688 .

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  • Várallyay, Gy. 2000a: Soil quality in relation to the concepts of multifunctionality and sustainable development. In: Wilson, M. J., Maliszewska-Kordybach, B.: Soil Quality, Sustainable Agriculture and Environmental Security in Central and Eastern Europe. NATO Sci. Ser. 2. Env. Security. Kluwer Acad. Publishers. Vol. 69. pp. 17-33.

    Soil quality in relation to the concepts of multifunctionality and sustainable development , () 17 -33 .

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  • Várallyay, Gy. 2000b: Risk assessment and prevention of soil degradation processes in Hungary. In: Foresight and Precaution. Cottam, Harvey, Pape, Tait(eds.). Balkema, Rotterdam. pp. 563-567.

    Risk assessment and prevention of soil degradation processes in Hungary , () 563 -567 .

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  • Várallyay Gy. 2000c: Talajfolyamatok szabályozásának tudományos megalapozása. (Scientific bases of the control of soil processes.) In: Székfoglalók, 1995-1998. Magyar Tudományos Akadémia, Budapest. pp. 1-32.

  • Várallyay, Gy. 2000d: Rational utilization of agricultural production space in Europe. Pamietnik Pulawski, 120/II. I.U.N.G., Pulawy. pp. 471-486.

  • Várallyay, Gy. 2001: A talaj vízgazdálkodása és a környezet. (Soil moisture regime and the environment.) Magyar Tudomány, 46, 799-815.

    'A talaj vízgazdálkodása és a környezet. (Soil moisture regime and the environment.) ' () 46 Magyar Tudomány : 799 -815 .

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  • Várallyay, Gy., Buzás, I., Kádár, I., Németh, T. 1992: New plant nutrition advisory system in Hungary. Commun. Soil Sci. Plant Anal., 23, 2053-2073.

    'New plant nutrition advisory system in Hungary. ' () 23 Commun. Soil Sci. Plant Anal. : 2053 -2073 .

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  • Várallyay, Gy., Németh, T. 1996: A fenntartható mezőgazdaság talajtani-agrokémiai alapjai. (Soil and agrochemical aspects of sustainable agriculture.) MTA Agrártudományok Osztálya Tájékoztatója 1995. Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest. pp. 80-92.

  • Várallyay, Gy., Rédly, M., Murányi, A., Szabó. J. 1993: Map of the susceptibility of soils to acidification in Hungary. Agrokémia és Talajtan, 42, 35-42.

    'Map of the susceptibility of soils to acidification in Hungary. ' () 42 Agrokémia és Talajtan : 35 -42 .

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  • Agro-21 1995: (Future view of agriculture.) AGRO-21 Brochures, Budapest. 10, 5-26.

    'Future view of agriculture. ' () 10 AGRO-21 Brochures, Budapest. : 5 -26 .

  • Fésűs, I., Kele, G., Várallyay, Gy. 2000: Soil databases and their use in Hungary. In: The European Soil Information System. World Soil Resources Reports. No. 91. ESB-FAO. Rome. pp. 87-96.

  • Greenland, D. J., Szabolcs, I. (eds.) 1993: Soil Resilience and Sustainable Land Use. CAB International, Wallingford.

    Soil Resilience and Sustainable Land Use , ().

  • Kádár, I. 1991: A talajok és növények nehézfém-tartalmának vizsgálata. (Heavy metal content in soils and crops in Hungary.) KTM-MTA TAKI kiadása. Budapest. pp. 1-104.

  • Láng, I. 1995: Sustainable development in Hungarian agriculture. Proc. 9th World Congress of Food Science and Technology, Budapest, July, 1995. Goeltze Druck, Göttingen.

  • Láng, I., Csete, L. 1992: Alkalmazkodó mezőgazdaság. (Adaptive Agriculture.) Agricola. Budapest. pp. 1-210.

  • Láng, I., Csete, L., Harnos, Zs. 1983: A magyar mezőgazdaság agroökológiai potenciálja az ezredfordulón. (The Agro-ecological Potential of Hungarian Agriculture in 2000.) Mezőgazd. Kiadó. Budapest. pp. 1-265.

  • The National Atlas of Hungary 1989: Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest.

  • Szabó, J., Pásztor, L., Suba, Zs., Várallyay, Gy. 1998: Integration of remote sensing and GIS techniques in land degradation mapping. Agrokémia és Talajtan, 47, 63-75.

    'Integration of remote sensing and GIS techniques in land degradation mapping. ' () 47 Agrokémia és Talajtan : 63 -75 .

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  • Szabolcs, I., Várallyay, Gy. 1978: A talajok termékenységét gátló tényezők Magyarországon. (Limiting factors of soil fertility in Hungary.) Agrokémia és Talajtan, 27, 181-202.

    'A talajok termékenységét gátló tényezők Magyarországon. (Limiting factors of soil fertility in Hungary.) ' () 27 Agrokémia és Talajtan : 181 -202 .

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  • Várallyay, Gy. 1989a: Soil degradation processes and their control in Hungary. Land Degradation and Rehabilitation, 1, 171-188.

    'Soil degradation processes and their control in Hungary. ' () 1 Land Degradation and Rehabilitation : 171 -188 .

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  • Várallyay, Gy. 1989b: Soil water problems in Hungary. Agrokémia és Talajtan, 38, 577-595.

    'Soil water problems in Hungary. ' () 38 Agrokémia és Talajtan : 577 -595 .

  • Várallyay, Gy. 1993a: Soil data-bases for sustainable land use: Hungarian case study. In: Soil Resilience and Sustainable Land Use. Greenland, D. J., Szabolcs, I.(eds.) CAB International. Wallingford. pp. 469-495.

    Soil data-bases for sustainable land use: Hungarian case study , () 469 -495 .

  • Várallyay, Gy. 1993b: Environmental problems of soils and land use in Hungary. In: Surviving with the Biosphere. Proc. 4th ICEF, Budapest, 22-27 April, 1990. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh, pp. 98-111.

  • Várallyay, Gy. 1994a: Precision nutrient management - impact on the environment and needs for the future. Commun. Soil Sci. and Plant Anal., 25, 909-930.

    'Precision nutrient management - impact on the environment and needs for the future. ' () 25 Commun. Soil Sci. and Plant Anal. : 909 -930 .

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  • Várallyay, Gy. 1994b: Soil management and environmental relationships in Central and Eastern Europe. Agrokémia és Talajtan, 43, 41-66.

    'Soil management and environmental relationships in Central and Eastern Europe. ' () 43 Agrokémia és Talajtan : 41 -66 .

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  • Várallyay, Gy. 1994c: Soil data-base for long-term field experiments and sustainable land use. Agrokémia és Talajtan, 43, 269-290.

    'Soil data-base for long-term field experiments and sustainable land use. ' () 43 Agrokémia és Talajtan : 269 -290 .

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  • Várallyay, Gy., Szűcs, L., Zilahy, P., Rajkai, K., Murányi, A. 1985: Soil factors determining the agroecological potential of Hungary. Agrokémia és Talajtan, 34, Suppl. 90-94.

    'Soil factors determining the agroecological potential of Hungary. ' () 34 Agrokémia és Talajtan : 90 -94 .

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  • Várallyay, Gy. 2002b: A talaj multifunkcionalitásának szerepe a jövő fenntartható mezőgazdaságában. (Role of soils` multifunctionality in future sustainable agricultural development.) In: Ötven éves az Acta Agronomica Hungarica. Jubileumi tudományos ülés, 2002. november 19. MTA Mezőgazdasági Kutatóintézet, Martonvásár, 13-25.

  • Várallyay, Gy. 2002a: Soil fertility and environmental aspects of soil water management. In: Proceedings of the Alps-Adria Scientific Workshop. Opatija, 4-8 March, 2002. AKAPRINT, Budapest. pp. 8-14.

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Acta Agronomica Hungarica
Language English
Russian
German
French
Size  
Year of
Foundation
1950
Publication
Programme
ceased
Volumes
per Year
 
Issues
per Year
 
Founder Magyar Tudományos Akadémia   
Founder's
Address
H-1051 Budapest, Hungary, Széchenyi István tér 9.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 0238-0161 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2527 (Online)

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