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  • 1 All India Coordinated Wheat and Barley Improvement Project, Rajasthan Agriculture University, Agricultural Research Station Durgapura, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
  • 2 Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Rajastan Agriculture University Agricultural Reserch Station, Durgapura, Jaipur, India
  • 3 All India Coordinated Wheat and Barley Improvement Project, Rajasthan Agriculture University, Agricultural Research Station Durgapura, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
  • 4 All India Coordinated Wheat and Barley Improvement Project, Rajasthan Agriculture University, Agricultural Research Station Durgapura, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
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Combining ability analysis in spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L. em. Thell) involving 10 diverse parents and their 45 F1 and F2 progenies indicated significant differences between the parents for GCA and between the crosses for SCA for all the characters studied. The GCA and SCA components of variance were significant for all the traits. However, the GCA component of variance was predominant, indicating the predominance of additive gene effects for the traits studied. Among the parents HD 2329, Raj 1972, HD 2285 and HD 2428 were the best general combiners for grain yield and average to high combiners for other important traits. The best specific crosses for grain yield were CPAN 3004 × Durgapura 65, Sonalika × HD 2329, Raj 3077 × CPAN 3004, Raj 3077 × HD 2428 and HD 2428 × WH 157.The parent Raj 1972 was the best general combiner for grain yield and protein content, while Raj 3077 and Lok-1 were the best general combiners for protein content. The most suitable specific crosses for protein content were HD 2329 x HD 2285, HD 2428 × Raj 1972 and CPAN 3004 × WH 157. Most of the specific crosses for grain yield and protein content involved high × average, average × average or average × poor general combiners. To ensure a further increase in grain yield along with high protein, combinations of desirable yield components are advocated. The exploitation of additive and non-additive gene actions through bi-parental mating and/or diallel selective mating systems are suggested for a tangible advance in grain yield coupled with high protein in spring wheat.

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