The F1 and F2 progenies of a ten-parent diallel cross (excluding reciprocals) were analysed for the combining ability of quantitative traits in six-rowed barley (Hordeum vulgare L.). significant differences were indicated between the parents, F1s and F2s for all the characters studied. The gca and sca components of variance were significant for all the traits. Both additive and non-additive gene effects were involved in the genetic control of the characters; however, non-additive gene effects were observed to be predominant. Among the parents RD 2035, RD 2052, RD 2503 and BL 2 were the best general combiners for grain yield and average to high combiners for other important traits.The parents RD 2552 and RD 387 were the best general combiners for dwarfness. The best specific crosses for grain yield were RD 2503 × RD 2585,RD 2035 × RD 2052, RD 2035 × BL 2, RD 2052 × BL 2, RD 2508 × RD 2552, RD 2552 × RD 2585 and Rd 2052 × RD 2552 in both the F1 and F2 generations. These crosses were higher yielders and in most of the crosses one of the parents involved was a good combiner, indicating that such combinations can be expected to produce desirable transgressive segregants. All the best crosses for grain yield also showed average to high sca effects for most of the yield components. Most of the specific crosses for grain yield involved high × average, average × average and average × poor general combiners. To ensure a further increase in grain yield, the combination of desirable yield components is advocated. The inclusion of F1 hybrids showing high sca, and having parents with good gca, in multiple crosses, bi-parental mating or diallel selective mating could prove a worthwhile approach for further amelioration of grain yield in six-rowed barley.
Abdulamonov, K., Nigmatullin, F. G. 1985: Combining ability of spring barley varieties in the western Pamirs. Selektsiya zern. I korm. kul'tur dlya r nov nedostat. uvlazhneniya. 125-133.
Allard, R. W. 1960: Principles of Plant Breeding. John Wiley and Sons., Inc., New York, USA.
Leistrumaite, A. K. 1989: Combining ability of barley varieties in diallel crosses. Nauchno Tekhnicheskii Byulleten' Vsesoyuznogo Ordena Lenina i Ordena Druzhby Narodov Nauchno Issledovatel'skogo Instituta Rastenievodstva Imeni N. I. Vavilova, 188, 26-27.
'Combining ability of barley varieties in diallel crosses.' () 188Nauchno Tekhnicheskii Byulleten' Vsesoyuznogo Ordena Lenina i Ordena Druzhby Narodov Nauchno Issledovatel'skogo Instituta Rastenievodstva Imeni N. I. Vavilova: 26-27.
Combining ability of barley varieties in diallel crosses.Nauchno Tekhnicheskii Byulleten' Vsesoyuznogo Ordena Lenina i Ordena Druzhby Narodov Nauchno Issledovatel'skogo Instituta Rastenievodstva Imeni N. I. Vavilova1882627)| false