Authors:
P. Szűcs Agricultural Research Institute of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences Martonvásár, Hungary

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O. Veisz Agricultural Research Institute of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences Martonvásár, Hungary

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G. Vida Agricultural Research Institute of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences Martonvásár, Hungary

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Z. Bedő Agricultural Research Institute of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences Martonvásár, Hungary

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One basic precondition for the reliable cultivation of winter durum wheat (Triticum durum Desf.) in Hungary is for the varieties to have good winter hardiness and frost resistance. Field overwintering experiments carried out in Martonvásár between 1995 and 2003 demonstrated that there was a significant difference every year between the overwintering of varieties with poor and good frost resistance, though only in two years was there a significant difference between that of varieties with medium and better frost resistance. Only a medium correlation was observed between the mean annual values of the air temperature in the winter months and the winter hardiness of the varieties, confirming that winter hardiness is influenced jointly by a number of environmental factors (e.g. cold, snow cover). In the experiments carried out on the winter hardiness dynamics of durum wheat, it was found that in milder winters even T. durum varieties which are sensitive to frost overwintered with little damage, while in the two coldest winters during the experimental period the hardiness of these varieties did not provide sufficient protection even in December, and all the plants were destroyed by January. The early spring frosts experienced in 1996 proved in these experiments that spring frosts may cause considerable damage even to durum wheat varieties with relatively good winter hardiness. Averaged over eight years, the results prove that T. durum genotypes are now available whose average state of hardening and winter hardiness are equal or better than those of winter T. aestivum varieties with moderate frost resistance.

  • Szűcs, P., Veisz, O., Bedő, Z., Szunics, L. (1998): Triticum durum (Desf.) genotípusok fagyállóságának tesztelése a martonvásári fitotronban. (Frost resistance testing on Triticum durum (Desf.) genotypes in the Martonvasar phytotron.) Növénytermelés, 47, 105-112.

    'Triticum durum (Desf.) genotípusok fagyállóságának tesztelése a martonvásári fitotronban. (Frost resistance testing on Triticum durum (Desf.) genotypes in the Martonvasar phytotron.) ' () 47 Növénytermelés : 105 -112 .

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  • Szűcs, P., Veisz, O., Szunics, L., Láng, L., Bedő, Z. (1999): Triticum durum (Desf.) genotípusok télállóság-dinamikája. (Dynamics of winter hardiness in Triticum durum (Desf.) genotypes.) Növénytermelés, 48, 463-469.

    'Triticum durum (Desf.) genotípusok télállóság-dinamikája. (Dynamics of winter hardiness in Triticum durum (Desf.) genotypes.) ' () 48 Növénytermelés : 463 -469 .

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  • Szunics, L., Bedő, Z., Szunics, Lu., Láng, L., Veisz, O. (1998): Results of durum wheat breeding in Martonvásár. Acta Agr. Hung., 46, 135-148.

    'Results of durum wheat breeding in Martonvásár ' () 46 Acta Agr. Hung. : 135 -148 .

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  • Szunics, L., Veisz, O., Szunics, Lu., Tischner, T. (1987): Triticum durum búzafajták fagyállóságának vizsgálata fitotronban. (Examination of frost resistance of Triticum durum wheat varieties in the phytotron.) Növénytermelés, 36, 333-338.

    'Triticum durum búzafajták fagyállóságának vizsgálata fitotronban. (Examination of frost resistance of Triticum durum wheat varieties in the phytotron.) ' () 36 Növénytermelés : 333 -338 .

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  • Beke, B., Barabás, Z. (1981): The first Hungarian durum wheat varieties. Cereal Res. Commun., 9, 115-117.

    'The first Hungarian durum wheat varieties ' () 9 Cereal Res. Commun. : 115 -117 .

  • Veisz, O., Rajki, E. (1984): Fagytűrőképesség dinamikájának vizsgálata őszi búzafajtákon I. (Study of dynamics of frost tolerance in winter wheat varieties. I.) Növénytermelés, 33, 297-304.

    'Fagytűrőképesség dinamikájának vizsgálata őszi búzafajtákon I. (Study of dynamics of frost tolerance in winter wheat varieties. I.) ' () 33 Növénytermelés : 297 -304 .

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  • Veisz, O., Rajki, E. (1987): Frost resistance in various winter wheat varieties during winter. Acta Agr. Hung., 36, 285-294.

    'Frost resistance in various winter wheat varieties during winter ' () 36 Acta Agr. Hung. : 285 -294 .

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  • Beke, B., Matuz, J. (1996): Breeding of durum wheat (Triticum durum Desf.) in Szeged, Hungary. Cereal Res. Commun., 24, 49-52.

    'Breeding of durum wheat (Triticum durum Desf.) in Szeged, Hungary ' () 24 Cereal Res. Commun. : 49 -52 .

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Acta Agronomica Hungarica
Language English
Russian
German
French
Size  
Year of
Foundation
1950
Publication
Programme
ceased
Volumes
per Year
 
Issues
per Year
 
Founder Magyar Tudományos Akadémia   
Founder's
Address
H-1051 Budapest, Hungary, Széchenyi István tér 9.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 0238-0161 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2527 (Online)

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