View More View Less
  • 1 Agricultural Research Institute of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences Martonvásár Hungary
Restricted access

Cross Mark

The effect of sowing date, N fertilisation and genotype on the grain yield and yield stability of maize was studied between 1991 and 2006 in a long-term N fertilisation experiment set up on chernozem soil in Martonvásár, Hungary. The N treatments (0, 60, 120, 180 and 240 kg ha −1 ) represented the main plot of the three-factor, split-split-plot experiment, with the sowing date (early, optimum, late, very late) in the sub-plots and hybrids from different maturity groups in the sub-sub-plots. The highest yields were obtained for the early and optimum sowing dates (8.712 and 8.706 t ha −1 ). Compared with the optimum sowing date, a delay of ten or twenty days led to yield losses of 5% and 12.5%, respectively. In the late and very late sowings and in years with unfavourable weather conditions, yield increments were only observed up to an N rate of 60 kg ha −1 , while in the early and optimum sowings and in favourable years yield increments were significant up to 120 kg ha −1 N. Yield stability was smallest in the early and very late sowings, in the control and for high N rates, and in the early and late maturity hybrids. It can be concluded that high yields and yield stability are not mutually exclusive.

  • Berzsenyi, Z., Dang, Q. L., Micskei, G., Takács, N. (2006): Effect of sowing date and N fertilisation on grain yield and photosynthetic rates in maize ( Zea mays L.). Cereal Res. Commun. , 34 , 409–412.

    Takács N. , 'Effect of sowing date and N fertilisation on grain yield and photosynthetic rates in maize (Zea mays L.) ' (2006 ) 34 Cereal Res. Commun. : 409 -412.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Callaway, M. B., Francis, C. A. (1993): Crop Improvement for Sustainable Agriculture . University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln and London.

    Francis C. A. , '', in Crop Improvement for Sustainable Agriculture , (1993 ) -.

  • Cirilo, A. G., Andrade, F. H. (1994): Sowing date and maize productivity: I. Crop growth and dry matter partitioning. Crop Sci. , 34 , 1039–1043.

    Andrade F. H. , 'Sowing date and maize productivity: I. Crop growth and dry matter partitioning ' (1994 ) 34 Crop Sci. : 1039 -1043.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Cirilo, A. G., Andrade, F. H. (1996): Sowing date and kernel weight in maize. Crop Sci. , 36 , 325–331.

    Andrade F. H. , 'Sowing date and kernel weight in maize ' (1996 ) 36 Crop Sci. : 325 -331.

  • Crossa, J. (1990): Statistical analysis of multilocation trials. Adv. Agron. , 44 , 55–85.

    Crossa J. , 'Statistical analysis of multilocation trials ' (1990 ) 44 Adv. Agron. : 55 -85.

  • Ding, L., Wang, K. J., Jiang, G. M., Biswas, D. K., Xu, H., Li, L. F., Li, Y. H. (2005): Effects of nitrogen deficiency on photosynthetic traits of maize hybrids released in different years. Ann. Bot. , 96 , 925–930.

    Li Y. H. , 'Effects of nitrogen deficiency on photosynthetic traits of maize hybrids released in different years ' (2005 ) 96 Ann. Bot. : 925 -930.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Echarte, L., Rothstein, S., Tollenaar, M. (2008): The response of leaf photosynthesis and dry matter accumulation to nitrogen supply in an older and a newer maize hybrid. Crop Sci. , 48 , 656–665.

    Tollenaar M. , 'The response of leaf photosynthesis and dry matter accumulation to nitrogen supply in an older and a newer maize hybrid ' (2008 ) 48 Crop Sci. : 656 -665.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Finlay, K. W., Wilkinson, G. N. (1963): The analysis of adaptation in a plant-breeding program. Aust. J. Agric. Res. , 14 , 742–754.

    Wilkinson G. N. , 'The analysis of adaptation in a plant-breeding program ' (1963 ) 14 Aust. J. Agric. Res. : 742 -754.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Gomez, K. A., Gomez, A. A. (1984): Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research . John Wiley & Sons, Singapore.

    Gomez A. A. , '', in Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research , (1984 ) -.

  • Kang, M. S. (1993): Simultaneous selection for yield and stability in crop performance trials: Consequences for growers. Agron. J. , 85 , 754–757.

    Kang M. S. , 'Simultaneous selection for yield and stability in crop performance trials: Consequences for growers ' (1993 ) 85 Agron. J. : 754 -757.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Kang, M. S., Gauch, H. G. (1996): Genotype-by-environment interaction . CRC Press, Boca Raton, New York.

    Gauch H. G. , '', in Genotype-by-environment interaction , (1996 ) -.

  • Kang, M. S., Magari, R. (1995): STABLE: Basic program for calculating yield-stability statistics. Agron. J. , 87 , 276–277.

    Magari R. , 'STABLE: Basic program for calculating yield-stability statistics ' (1995 ) 87 Agron. J. : 276 -277.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Kucharik, C. J. (2006): A multidecadal trend of earlier corn planting in the Central USA. Agron J. , 98 , 1544–1550.

    Kucharik C. J. , 'A multidecadal trend of earlier corn planting in the Central USA ' (2006 ) 98 Agron J. : 1544 -1550.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Lauer, J. G., Carter, P. R., Wood, T. M., Diezel, G., Wiersma, D. W., Rand, R. E., Mlynarek, M. J. (1999): Corn hybrid response to planting date in the northern Corn Belt. Agron. J. , 91 , 834–839.

    Mlynarek M. J. , 'Corn hybrid response to planting date in the northern Corn Belt ' (1999 ) 91 Agron. J. : 834 -839.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Mead, R., Riley, J., Dear, K., Singh, S. P. (1986): Stability comparison of intercropping and monocropping systems. Biometrics , 42 , 253–266.

    Singh S. P. , 'Stability comparison of intercropping and monocropping systems ' (1986 ) 42 Biometrics : 253 -266.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Nafziger, E. D. (1994): Corn planting and plant population. J. Prod. Agric. , 7 , 59–62.

    Nafziger E. D. , 'Corn planting and plant population ' (1994 ) 7 J. Prod. Agric. : 59 -62.

  • Nielsen, R. L., Thomison, P. R., Brown, G. A., Halter, A. L., Wells, J., Wuethrich, K. L. (2002): Delayed planting effects on flowering and grain maturation on dent corn. Agron. J. , 94 , 549–558.

    Wuethrich K. L. , 'Delayed planting effects on flowering and grain maturation on dent corn ' (2002 ) 94 Agron. J. : 549 -558.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Norwood, C. A. (2001): Dryland corn in Western Kansas: effects of hybrid maturity, planting date, and plant population. Agron. J. , 93 , 540–547.

    Norwood C. A. , 'Dryland corn in Western Kansas: effects of hybrid maturity, planting date, and plant population ' (2001 ) 93 Agron. J. : 540 -547.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Otegui, M. E., Nicolini, M. G., Ruiz, R. A., Dodds, P. A. (1995): Sowing date effects on grain yield components for different maize genotypes. Agron. J. , 87 , 29–33.

    Dodds P. A. , 'Sowing date effects on grain yield components for different maize genotypes ' (1995 ) 87 Agron. J. : 29 -33.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Piepho, H. P. (1998): Methods for comparing the yield stability of cropping systems — A review. J. Agron. Crop Sci. , 180 , 193–213.

    Piepho H. P. , 'Methods for comparing the yield stability of cropping systems — A review ' (1998 ) 180 J. Agron. Crop Sci. : 193 -213.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Raun, W. R., Barreto, H. J., Westerman, R. L. (1993): Use of stability analysis for long-term soil fertility experiments. Agron. J. , 85 , 159–167.

    Westerman R. L. , 'Use of stability analysis for long-term soil fertility experiments ' (1993 ) 85 Agron. J. : 159 -167.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Sárvári, M. (2005): Impact of nutrient supply, sowing time and plant density on maize yields. Acta Agron. Hung. , 53 , 58–70.

    Sárvári M. , 'Impact of nutrient supply, sowing time and plant density on maize yields ' (2005 ) 53 Acta Agron. Hung. : 58 -70.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Schepers, J. S., Francis, D. D., Vigil, M., Below, F. E. (1992): Comparison of corn leaf N concentration and chlorophyll meter readings. Commun. Soil. Sci. Plant Anal. , 23 , 17–23.

    Below F. E. , 'Comparison of corn leaf N concentration and chlorophyll meter readings ' (1992 ) 23 Commun. Soil. Sci. Plant Anal. : 17 -23.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Shukla, G. K. (1972): Some statistical aspects of partitioning genotype-environmental components of variability. Heredity , 29 , 237–245.

    Shukla G. K. , 'Some statistical aspects of partitioning genotype-environmental components of variability ' (1972 ) 29 Heredity : 237 -245.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Szundy, T., Pók, I., Marton, L. C. (2005): Cold tolerance of inbred lines and sister line crosses of maize with different genetic backgrounds. Acta Agron. Hung. , 53 , 81–87.

    Marton L. C. , 'Cold tolerance of inbred lines and sister line crosses of maize with different genetic backgrounds ' (2005 ) 53 Acta Agron. Hung. : 81 -87.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Tollenaar, M. (1977): Sink-source relationships during reproductive development in maize. A review. Maydica , 23 , 49–75.

    Tollenaar M. , 'Sink-source relationships during reproductive development in maize. A review ' (1977 ) 23 Maydica : 49 -75.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Tollenaar, M., Daynard, T. B. (1978): Relationship between assimilate source and reproductive sink in maize grown in a short-season environment. Agron. J. , 70 , 219–223.

    Daynard T. B. , 'Relationship between assimilate source and reproductive sink in maize grown in a short-season environment ' (1978 ) 70 Agron. J. : 219 -223.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Tollenaar, T., Wu, J. (1999): Yield improvement in temperate maize is attributable to greater stress tolerance. Crop Sci. , 39 , 1597–1604.

    Wu J. , 'Yield improvement in temperate maize is attributable to greater stress tolerance ' (1999 ) 39 Crop Sci. : 1597 -1604.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Westgate, M., Boote, K. (2000): Physiology and Modeling Kernel Set in Maize . CSSA Spec. Publ. 29. CSSA, ASA. Madison, WI.

    Boote K. , '', in Physiology and Modeling Kernel Set in Maize , (2000 ) -.

  • Williams, E. R., Matheson, A. C., Harwood, C. E. (2002): Experimental Design and Analysis for Tree Improvement . CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, Australia.

    Harwood C. E. , '', in Experimental Design and Analysis for Tree Improvement , (2002 ) -.

  • Wricke, G. (1962): Über eine Methode zur Erfassung der ökologischen Streubreite in Feldversuchen. (On a method for interpreting ecological variance in field trials.) Z. Pflanzenzücht. , 47 , 92–96.

    Wricke G. , 'Über eine Methode zur Erfassung der ökologischen Streubreite in Feldversuchen ' (1962 ) 47 Z. Pflanzenzücht. : 92 -96.

    • Search Google Scholar
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 59 59 6
Full Text Views 31 17 2
PDF Downloads 11 10 2