View More View Less
  • 1 Agricultural Research Institute of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences Martonvásár Hungary
Restricted access

The effect of sowing date, N fertilisation and genotype on the grain yield and yield stability of maize was studied between 1991 and 2006 in a long-term N fertilisation experiment set up on chernozem soil in Martonvásár, Hungary. The N treatments (0, 60, 120, 180 and 240 kg ha −1 ) represented the main plot of the three-factor, split-split-plot experiment, with the sowing date (early, optimum, late, very late) in the sub-plots and hybrids from different maturity groups in the sub-sub-plots. The highest yields were obtained for the early and optimum sowing dates (8.712 and 8.706 t ha −1 ). Compared with the optimum sowing date, a delay of ten or twenty days led to yield losses of 5% and 12.5%, respectively. In the late and very late sowings and in years with unfavourable weather conditions, yield increments were only observed up to an N rate of 60 kg ha −1 , while in the early and optimum sowings and in favourable years yield increments were significant up to 120 kg ha −1 N. Yield stability was smallest in the early and very late sowings, in the control and for high N rates, and in the early and late maturity hybrids. It can be concluded that high yields and yield stability are not mutually exclusive.

  • Berzsenyi, Z., Dang, Q. L., Micskei, G., Takács, N. (2006): Effect of sowing date and N fertilisation on grain yield and photosynthetic rates in maize ( Zea mays L.). Cereal Res. Commun. , 34 , 409–412.

    Takács N. , 'Effect of sowing date and N fertilisation on grain yield and photosynthetic rates in maize (Zea mays L.) ' (2006 ) 34 Cereal Res. Commun. : 409 -412.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Callaway, M. B., Francis, C. A. (1993): Crop Improvement for Sustainable Agriculture . University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln and London.

    Francis C. A. , '', in Crop Improvement for Sustainable Agriculture , (1993 ) -.

  • Cirilo, A. G., Andrade, F. H. (1994): Sowing date and maize productivity: I. Crop growth and dry matter partitioning. Crop Sci. , 34 , 1039–1043.

    Andrade F. H. , 'Sowing date and maize productivity: I. Crop growth and dry matter partitioning ' (1994 ) 34 Crop Sci. : 1039 -1043.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Cirilo, A. G., Andrade, F. H. (1996): Sowing date and kernel weight in maize. Crop Sci. , 36 , 325–331.

    Andrade F. H. , 'Sowing date and kernel weight in maize ' (1996 ) 36 Crop Sci. : 325 -331.

  • Crossa, J. (1990): Statistical analysis of multilocation trials. Adv. Agron. , 44 , 55–85.

    Crossa J. , 'Statistical analysis of multilocation trials ' (1990 ) 44 Adv. Agron. : 55 -85.

  • Ding, L., Wang, K. J., Jiang, G. M., Biswas, D. K., Xu, H., Li, L. F., Li, Y. H. (2005): Effects of nitrogen deficiency on photosynthetic traits of maize hybrids released in different years. Ann. Bot. , 96 , 925–930.

    Li Y. H. , 'Effects of nitrogen deficiency on photosynthetic traits of maize hybrids released in different years ' (2005 ) 96 Ann. Bot. : 925 -930.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Echarte, L., Rothstein, S., Tollenaar, M. (2008): The response of leaf photosynthesis and dry matter accumulation to nitrogen supply in an older and a newer maize hybrid. Crop Sci. , 48 , 656–665.

    Tollenaar M. , 'The response of leaf photosynthesis and dry matter accumulation to nitrogen supply in an older and a newer maize hybrid ' (2008 ) 48 Crop Sci. : 656 -665.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Finlay, K. W., Wilkinson, G. N. (1963): The analysis of adaptation in a plant-breeding program. Aust. J. Agric. Res. , 14 , 742–754.

    Wilkinson G. N. , 'The analysis of adaptation in a plant-breeding program ' (1963 ) 14 Aust. J. Agric. Res. : 742 -754.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Gomez, K. A., Gomez, A. A. (1984): Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research . John Wiley & Sons, Singapore.

    Gomez A. A. , '', in Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research , (1984 ) -.

  • Kang, M. S. (1993): Simultaneous selection for yield and stability in crop performance trials: Consequences for growers. Agron. J. , 85 , 754–757.

    Kang M. S. , 'Simultaneous selection for yield and stability in crop performance trials: Consequences for growers ' (1993 ) 85 Agron. J. : 754 -757.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Kang, M. S., Gauch, H. G. (1996): Genotype-by-environment interaction . CRC Press, Boca Raton, New York.

    Gauch H. G. , '', in Genotype-by-environment interaction , (1996 ) -.

  • Kang, M. S., Magari, R. (1995): STABLE: Basic program for calculating yield-stability statistics. Agron. J. , 87 , 276–277.

    Magari R. , 'STABLE: Basic program for calculating yield-stability statistics ' (1995 ) 87 Agron. J. : 276 -277.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Kucharik, C. J. (2006): A multidecadal trend of earlier corn planting in the Central USA. Agron J. , 98 , 1544–1550.

    Kucharik C. J. , 'A multidecadal trend of earlier corn planting in the Central USA ' (2006 ) 98 Agron J. : 1544 -1550.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Lauer, J. G., Carter, P. R., Wood, T. M., Diezel, G., Wiersma, D. W., Rand, R. E., Mlynarek, M. J. (1999): Corn hybrid response to planting date in the northern Corn Belt. Agron. J. , 91 , 834–839.

    Mlynarek M. J. , 'Corn hybrid response to planting date in the northern Corn Belt ' (1999 ) 91 Agron. J. : 834 -839.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Mead, R., Riley, J., Dear, K., Singh, S. P. (1986): Stability comparison of intercropping and monocropping systems. Biometrics , 42 , 253–266.

    Singh S. P. , 'Stability comparison of intercropping and monocropping systems ' (1986 ) 42 Biometrics : 253 -266.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Nafziger, E. D. (1994): Corn planting and plant population. J. Prod. Agric. , 7 , 59–62.

    Nafziger E. D. , 'Corn planting and plant population ' (1994 ) 7 J. Prod. Agric. : 59 -62.

  • Nielsen, R. L., Thomison, P. R., Brown, G. A., Halter, A. L., Wells, J., Wuethrich, K. L. (2002): Delayed planting effects on flowering and grain maturation on dent corn. Agron. J. , 94 , 549–558.

    Wuethrich K. L. , 'Delayed planting effects on flowering and grain maturation on dent corn ' (2002 ) 94 Agron. J. : 549 -558.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Norwood, C. A. (2001): Dryland corn in Western Kansas: effects of hybrid maturity, planting date, and plant population. Agron. J. , 93 , 540–547.

    Norwood C. A. , 'Dryland corn in Western Kansas: effects of hybrid maturity, planting date, and plant population ' (2001 ) 93 Agron. J. : 540 -547.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Otegui, M. E., Nicolini, M. G., Ruiz, R. A., Dodds, P. A. (1995): Sowing date effects on grain yield components for different maize genotypes. Agron. J. , 87 , 29–33.

    Dodds P. A. , 'Sowing date effects on grain yield components for different maize genotypes ' (1995 ) 87 Agron. J. : 29 -33.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Piepho, H. P. (1998): Methods for comparing the yield stability of cropping systems — A review. J. Agron. Crop Sci. , 180 , 193–213.

    Piepho H. P. , 'Methods for comparing the yield stability of cropping systems — A review ' (1998 ) 180 J. Agron. Crop Sci. : 193 -213.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Raun, W. R., Barreto, H. J., Westerman, R. L. (1993): Use of stability analysis for long-term soil fertility experiments. Agron. J. , 85 , 159–167.

    Westerman R. L. , 'Use of stability analysis for long-term soil fertility experiments ' (1993 ) 85 Agron. J. : 159 -167.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Sárvári, M. (2005): Impact of nutrient supply, sowing time and plant density on maize yields. Acta Agron. Hung. , 53 , 58–70.

    Sárvári M. , 'Impact of nutrient supply, sowing time and plant density on maize yields ' (2005 ) 53 Acta Agron. Hung. : 58 -70.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Schepers, J. S., Francis, D. D., Vigil, M., Below, F. E. (1992): Comparison of corn leaf N concentration and chlorophyll meter readings. Commun. Soil. Sci. Plant Anal. , 23 , 17–23.

    Below F. E. , 'Comparison of corn leaf N concentration and chlorophyll meter readings ' (1992 ) 23 Commun. Soil. Sci. Plant Anal. : 17 -23.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Shukla, G. K. (1972): Some statistical aspects of partitioning genotype-environmental components of variability. Heredity , 29 , 237–245.

    Shukla G. K. , 'Some statistical aspects of partitioning genotype-environmental components of variability ' (1972 ) 29 Heredity : 237 -245.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Szundy, T., Pók, I., Marton, L. C. (2005): Cold tolerance of inbred lines and sister line crosses of maize with different genetic backgrounds. Acta Agron. Hung. , 53 , 81–87.

    Marton L. C. , 'Cold tolerance of inbred lines and sister line crosses of maize with different genetic backgrounds ' (2005 ) 53 Acta Agron. Hung. : 81 -87.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Tollenaar, M. (1977): Sink-source relationships during reproductive development in maize. A review. Maydica , 23 , 49–75.

    Tollenaar M. , 'Sink-source relationships during reproductive development in maize. A review ' (1977 ) 23 Maydica : 49 -75.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Tollenaar, M., Daynard, T. B. (1978): Relationship between assimilate source and reproductive sink in maize grown in a short-season environment. Agron. J. , 70 , 219–223.

    Daynard T. B. , 'Relationship between assimilate source and reproductive sink in maize grown in a short-season environment ' (1978 ) 70 Agron. J. : 219 -223.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Tollenaar, T., Wu, J. (1999): Yield improvement in temperate maize is attributable to greater stress tolerance. Crop Sci. , 39 , 1597–1604.

    Wu J. , 'Yield improvement in temperate maize is attributable to greater stress tolerance ' (1999 ) 39 Crop Sci. : 1597 -1604.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Westgate, M., Boote, K. (2000): Physiology and Modeling Kernel Set in Maize . CSSA Spec. Publ. 29. CSSA, ASA. Madison, WI.

    Boote K. , '', in Physiology and Modeling Kernel Set in Maize , (2000 ) -.

  • Williams, E. R., Matheson, A. C., Harwood, C. E. (2002): Experimental Design and Analysis for Tree Improvement . CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, Australia.

    Harwood C. E. , '', in Experimental Design and Analysis for Tree Improvement , (2002 ) -.

  • Wricke, G. (1962): Über eine Methode zur Erfassung der ökologischen Streubreite in Feldversuchen. (On a method for interpreting ecological variance in field trials.) Z. Pflanzenzücht. , 47 , 92–96.

    Wricke G. , 'Über eine Methode zur Erfassung der ökologischen Streubreite in Feldversuchen ' (1962 ) 47 Z. Pflanzenzücht. : 92 -96.

    • Search Google Scholar

Acta Agronomica Hungarica
Language English
Russian
German
French
Size  
Year of
Foundation
1950
Publication
Programme
ceased
Volumes
per Year
 
Issues
per Year
 
Founder Magyar Tudományos Akadémia
Founder's
Address
H-1051 Budapest, Hungary, Széchenyi István tér 9.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 0238-0161 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2527 (Online)

Monthly Content Usage

Abstract Views Full Text Views PDF Downloads
Feb 2021 9 4 2
Mar 2021 7 3 6
Apr 2021 5 2 2
May 2021 8 0 0
Jun 2021 5 0 0
Jul 2021 8 0 0
Aug 2021 0 0 0