The success of winter × spring wheat hybridization programmes depends upon the ability of the genotypes of these two physiologically distinct ecotypes to combine well with each other. Hence the present investigation was undertaken to study the combining ability and nature of gene action for various morpho-physiological and yield-contributing traits in crosses involving winter and spring wheat genotypes. Five elite and diverse genotypes each of winter and spring wheat ecotypes and their F
(spring × spring, winter × winter and winter × spring) hybrids, generated in a diallel mating design excluding reciprocals, were evaluated in a random block design with three replications. Considerable variability was observed among the spring and winter wheat genotypes for all the traits under study. Furthermore, these traits were highly influenced by the winter and spring wheat genetic backgrounds, resulting in significant differences between the spring × spring, winter × winter and winter × spring wheat hybrids for some of the traits. The winter × spring wheat hybrids were observed to be the best with respect to yieldcontributing traits. On the basis of GCA effects, the spring wheat parents HPW 42, HPW 89, HW 3024, PW 552 and UP 2418 and the winter wheat parents Saptdhara, VWFW 452, W 10 and WW 24 were found to be good combiners for the majority of traits. These spring and winter wheat parents could be effectively utilized in future hybridization programmes for wheat improvement. Superior hybrid combinations for one or more traits were identified, all of which involved at least one good general combiner for one or more traits in their parentage, and can thus be exploited in successive generations to develop potential recombinants through various breeding strategies. Genetic studies revealed the preponderance of additive gene action for days to flowering, days to maturity and harvest index, and non-additive gene action for the remaining six traits.
Akerman A., Mackey, J. (1949): Attempt to improve the yield of spring wheat. II. Crosses between spring and winter wheats.
Sveriges Utsadesforenings Tidokrift
Mackey J., 'Attempt to improve the yield of spring wheat. II. Crosses between spring and winter wheats' (1949) 19Sveriges Utsadesforenings Tidokrift: 105-117.
Mackey J.Attempt to improve the yield of spring wheat. II. Crosses between spring and winter wheatsSveriges Utsadesforenings Tidokrift194919105117)| false
Chaudhary, H. K. (1997): Genetic amelioration of spring wheat ecotypes for drought prone regions through spring × winter wheat hybridization.
Proceedings of Symposium on Tropical Crop Research and Development
, India-International, Trichur, Kerala, September 11–13, 1997.
Chaudhary, H. K., Kapoor, A. S. (1992): Inheritance of powdery mildew resistance in winter wheat.
Proceeding Gregor Johann Mendel Foundation, International Seminar
, Calicut, July 22–23, 1992.
Chaudhary, H. K., Kapoor, A. S., Sharma, S. C., Negi, S. C. (1994): Evaluation of exotic winter wheat (
) varieties in dry temperate regions of north-western Himalayas.
Indian J. Agr. Sci.
Negi S. C., 'Evaluation of exotic winter wheat (Triticum aestivum) varieties in dry temperate regions of north-western Himalayas' (1994) 64Indian J. Agr. Sci.: 409-411.
Negi S. C.Evaluation of exotic winter wheat (Triticum aestivum) varieties in dry temperate regions of north-western HimalayasIndian J. Agr. Sci.199464409411)| false
Rajaram, S., Skovmand, B. (1977): Present status of wheat improvement in CIMMYT.
Proceedings Wheat Production Seminar
, ASPAC, Food and Fertilizer Technology Centre, Sieweon, Republic of Korea.
Skovmand B., '', in Proceedings Wheat Production Seminar, (1977) -.
Skovmand B.Proceedings Wheat Production Seminar1977)| false
Upadhyay, M. K., Kumar, R. (1975): Sources of winter wheat resistance to Indian races of stripe rust and hill bunt.
Proceedings of International Winter Wheat Conference
, Zagreb, Yugoslavia, June 9–19, pp. 497–500.