Authors:
G. WágnerPannon University Institute for Plant Protection, Georgikon Faculty Keszthely Hungary

Search for other papers by G. Wágner in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
and
E. NádasyPannon University Institute for Plant Protection, Georgikon Faculty Keszthely Hungary

Search for other papers by E. Nádasy in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
Restricted access

Based on the results of earlier greenhouse tests, a field experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of three different herbicide combinations (clomazone, flumioxazine and pendimethaline combined with bentazone) at increasing nitrogen levels on the nitrogen uptake of green pea and common lambsquarters ( Chenopodium album L.). Nitrogen was administered to the pea plants in the form of ammonium nitrate at increasing levels: 0, 100, 200 and 300 kg/ha. The experimental soil was loamy Ramann’s brown forest soil (Eutric Cambisol). Green peas were grown to green maturity and harvested according to standard agricultural practices. Following harvest, the fresh and dry weight of the pea and weed shoots were recorded. The nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium contents were determined from dried plant samples after digestion with concentrated sulphuric acid.The main results can be summarized as followsThe addition of nitrogen to the treatments considerably altered the growing potential of pea plants, especially at the early growth stage, where an increase in dry biomass of nearly 30% was observed. Yield biomass decreased in the nitrogen treatments. The nitrogen concentration, which increased in every treatment, was directly correlated to the addition of nitrogen fertilizer. Herbicides mainly influenced the vegetative growth of the plants. Pendimethalin and flumioxazin indirectly caused an increase in the dry biomass of the shoots by killing the surrounding weeds.

  • Al Khatib, K., Kadírand, S., Libbey, C. (1995): Effect of adjuvants on bentazone efficacy in green pea ( Pisum sativum ). Weed Technol. , 9 , 426–431.

    Libbey C. , 'Effect of adjuvants on bentazone efficacy in green pea (Pisum sativum) ' (1995 ) 9 Weed Technol. : 426 -431 .

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Al Khatib, K., Tamhane, A. (1999): Pea ( Pisum sativum ) response to low rates of selected foliar- and soil-applied sulfonyl-urea herbicides. Weed Technol. , 13 , 753–758.

    Tamhane A. , 'Pea (Pisum sativum) response to low rates of selected foliar- and soil-applied sulfonyl-urea herbicides ' (1999 ) 13 Weed Technol. : 753 -758 .

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Andreasen, C., Litz, A. S., Streibig, J. C. (2006): Growth response of six weed species and spring barley ( Hordeum vulgare ) to increasing levels of nitrogen and phosphorus. Weed Research , 46 , 503–512.

    Streibig J. C. , 'Growth response of six weed species and spring barley (Hordeum vulgare) to increasing levels of nitrogen and phosphorus ' (2006 ) 46 Weed Research : 503 -512 .

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Dhima, K., Eleftherohorinos, I. (2005): Wild mustard ( Sinapis arvensis L.) competition with three winter cereals as affected by nitrogen supply. Crop Sci. , 191 , 241–248.

    Eleftherohorinos I. , 'Wild mustard (Sinapis arvensis L.) competition with three winter cereals as affected by nitrogen supply ' (2005 ) 191 Crop Sci. : 241 -248 .

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Eskin, M. N. A. (1989): Quality and Preservation of Vegetables . CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, USA. 161 p.

    Eskin M. N. A. , '', in Quality and Preservation of Vegetables , (1989 ) -.

  • Izmailov, S. F., Ovcharenko, G. A. (1995): Compartmentation and assimilation of nitrate in pea and sugar beet leaves. Fourth International Symposium on Inorganic Nitrogen Assimilation and the First Biostress Symposium . Seeheim/Darmstadt. Germany. p. 59.

  • Jensen, ES (1986): The influence of rate and time of nitrate supply on nitrogen fixation and yield in pea ( Pisum sativum L.). Fertilizer Research , 10 , 193–202.

    Jensen E.S. , 'The influence of rate and time of nitrate supply on nitrogen fixation and yield in pea (Pisum sativum L.) ' (1986 ) 10 Fertilizer Research : 193 -202 .

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Jolánkai, P., Tóth, Z., Kismányoky, T. (2006): Effect of nitrogen and pesticides on the yield and protein content of winter wheat. Cereal Res. Commun. , 34 , 509–512.

    Kismányoky T. , 'Effect of nitrogen and pesticides on the yield and protein content of winter wheat ' (2006 ) 34 Cereal Res. Commun. : 509 -512 .

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Kádár, I., Fekete, S., Radics, L. (2003): A műtrágyázás hatása a borsó ( Pisum sativum L.) termésére és minőségére. [Effect of fertilizers on yield and quality of pea ( Pisum sativum L.).] Növénytermelés , 52 , 229–242.

    Radics L. , 'A műtrágyázás hatása a borsó (Pisum sativum L.) termésére és minőségére ' (2003 ) 52 Növénytermelés : 229 -242 .

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Kismányoky, T. (2005): Borsó. (Pea.) pp. 109–134. In: Antal, J. (ed.), Növénytermesztés 2. ( Crop Production 2 ). Mezőgazda Kiadó, Budapest.

    Kismányoky T. , '', in Növénytermesztés 2 , (2005 ) -.

  • Ozair, C. A., Moshier, L. J. (1988): Effect of postemergence herbicides on nodulation and nitrogen fixation in soybeans ( Glycine max ). Appl. Agr. Res. , 3 , 214–219.

    Moshier L. J. , 'Effect of postemergence herbicides on nodulation and nitrogen fixation in soybeans (Glycine max) ' (1988 ) 3 Appl. Agr. Res. : 214 -219 .

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Salunkhe, D. K., Kadam, S. S. (1998 ): Handbook of Vegetable Science and Technology: Production, Composition, Storage and Processing . Marcel Decker Inc., New York, 435 p.

    Kadam S. S. , '', in Handbook of Vegetable Science and Technology: Production, Composition, Storage and Processing , (1998 ) -.

  • Schnelle, M. A., Hensley, D. L. (1990): Effects of pesticides upon nitrogen fixation and nodulation by dry bean. Pesticides Science , 28 , 83–88.

    Hensley D. L. , 'Effects of pesticides upon nitrogen fixation and nodulation by dry bean ' (1990 ) 28 Pesticides Science : 83 -88 .

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Singh, G., Wright, D. (2002): Effect of herbicides on nodulation and growth of two varieties of peas ( Pisum sativum ). Acta Agron. Hung. , 50 , 337–348.

    Wright D. , 'Effect of herbicides on nodulation and growth of two varieties of peas (Pisum sativum) ' (2002 ) 50 Acta Agron. Hung. : 337 -348 .

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Singh, G., Wright, D. (2006): Effect of weed management on weeds, and on the nodulation, nitrogenase activity, growth and yield of pea ( Pisum sativum ). Acta Agron. Hung. , 54 , 469–485.

    Wright D. , 'Effect of weed management on weeds, and on the nodulation, nitrogenase activity, growth and yield of pea (Pisum sativum) ' (2006 ) 54 Acta Agron. Hung. : 469 -485 .

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Szentpétery, Z., Hegedűs, Z., Jolánkai, M. (2005): Impact of agrochemicals on yield quality and pesticide residues of winter wheat varieties. Cereal Res. Commun. , 33 , 635–638.

    Jolánkai M. , 'Impact of agrochemicals on yield quality and pesticide residues of winter wheat varieties ' (2005 ) 33 Cereal Res. Commun. : 635 -638 .

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Varga, P., Béres, I., Reisinger, P. (2000): A kukorica és főbb gyomnövényei közötti kompetíció szabadföldi kísérletben. (Competition between the main weed species of maize in field trial.) Acta Agronomica Ovariensis , 42 , 101–114.

    Reisinger P. , 'A kukorica és főbb gyomnövényei közötti kompetíció szabadföldi kísérletben ' (2000 ) 42 Acta Agronomica Ovariensis : 101 -114 .

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Voisin, A. S., Salon, C., Munier-Jolain, N. G., Ney, B. (2002): Effect of mineral nitrogen on nitrogen nutrition and biomass partitioning between the shoot and roots of pea ( Pisum sativum L.). Plant and Soil , 242 , 251–262.

    Ney B. , 'Effect of mineral nitrogen on nitrogen nutrition and biomass partitioning between the shoot and roots of pea (Pisum sativum L.) ' (2002 ) 242 Plant and Soil : 251 -262 .

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Wágner, G., Nádasy, E. (2007): Competition for nutrients between weeds and green pea. Cereal Res. Commun. , 35 , 1325–1328.

    Nádasy E. , 'Competition for nutrients between weeds and green pea ' (2007 ) 35 Cereal Res. Commun. : 1325 -1328 .

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Wágner, G., Nádasy, E. (2009): Interaction between nutrition and herbicide application in pea culture. Communication in Soil Science and Plant Analysis , 40 , 435–444.

    Nádasy E. , 'Interaction between nutrition and herbicide application in pea culture ' (2009 ) 40 Communication in Soil Science and Plant Analysis : 435 -444 .

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Wall, D. A., Friesen, G. H., Bhati, T. K. (1991): Wild mustard interference in traditional and semileafless field peas. Canadian Journal of Plant Science , 71 , 473–480.

    Bhati T. K. , 'Wild mustard interference in traditional and semileafless field peas ' (1991 ) 71 Canadian Journal of Plant Science : 473 -480 .

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Wall, D. A., Townley Smith, L. (1996): Wild mustard ( Sinapis arvensis ) response to field pea ( Pisum sativum ) cultivar and seeding rate. Canadian Journal of Plant Science , 76 , 907–914.

    Townley Smith L. , 'Wild mustard (Sinapis arvensis) response to field pea (Pisum sativum) cultivar and seeding rate ' (1996 ) 76 Canadian Journal of Plant Science : 907 -914 .

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Collapse
  • Expand

Acta Agronomica Hungarica
Language English
Russian
German
French
Size  
Year of
Foundation
1950
Publication
Programme
ceased
Volumes
per Year
 
Issues
per Year
 
Founder Magyar Tudományos Akadémia   
Founder's
Address
H-1051 Budapest, Hungary, Széchenyi István tér 9.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 0238-0161 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2527 (Online)

Monthly Content Usage

Abstract Views Full Text Views PDF Downloads
Jun 2022 0 0 0
Jul 2022 0 0 0
Aug 2022 0 0 0
Sep 2022 7 0 0
Oct 2022 1 0 0
Nov 2022 2 0 0
Dec 2022 0 0 0