Authors:
É. Héthelyi Semmelweis University Department of Pharmacognosy Budapest Hungary

Search for other papers by É. Héthelyi in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
S. Szarka Semmelweis University Department of Pharmacognosy Budapest Hungary

Search for other papers by S. Szarka in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
É. Lemberkovics Semmelweis University Department of Pharmacognosy Budapest Hungary

Search for other papers by É. Lemberkovics in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
, and
É. Szőke Semmelweis University Department of Pharmacognosy Budapest Hungary

Search for other papers by É. Szőke in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
Restricted access

The content and composition of active ingredients and essential oils in medicinal and aromatic plants have been studied for several decades. The volatile compounds in essential oils have been analysed routinely using gas chromatography (GC) since 1966, and with GC coupled to mass spectrometric detection (GC/MS) since 1978.The 13 rose varieties selected for chemical analysis varied for colour, shape and fragrance. The static headspace solid phase microextraction (sHS-SPME) technique recently developed for sample preparation and sample enrichment was used to study the volatile aromatic components.The main volatile compound of a sweet-smelling purple rose was found to be phenyl ethyl alcohol (33–52%). The phenyl ethyl alcohol content of fragrant rose flowers with blackish-purple petals increased continuously from early summer to late autumn (from 17 to 70 %). The dominant aromatic components of the yellow, orange and pink rose flowers were hexanol, hexenyl acetate and benzyl alcohol. Phenyl ethyl alcohol and orcinol dimethyl ether were the main constituents of the fragrant pink and white rose varieties. Methyl vinyl anisol and orcinol dimethyl ether were dominant in rose flowers with beige petals. In summary, it can be concluded that the SPME-GC/MS method is suitable for the characterization of rose varieties and for the chemical analysis of aromatic volatile compounds.

  • Bakkali, F., Averbeck, S., Averbeck, D., Idaomar, M. (2008): Biological effects of essential oil — A review. Food and Chemical Toxicology , 46 , 446–475.

    Idaomar M. , 'Biological effects of essential oil — A review ' (2008 ) 46 Food and Chemical Toxicology : 446 -475 .

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Baydar, H., Baydar, N. G. (2005): The effect of harvest date, fermentation duration and Tween 20 treatment on essential oil content and composition of industrial oil rose ( Rosa damascena Mill.). Ind. Crops Prod. , 1 , 251–255.

    Baydar N. G. , 'The effect of harvest date, fermentation duration and Tween 20 treatment on essential oil content and composition of industrial oil rose (Rosa damascena Mill.) ' (2005 ) 1 Ind. Crops Prod. : 251 -255 .

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Cherri-Martin, M., Jullien, F., Heizmann, P., Baudino, S. (2007): Fragrance heritability in Hybrid Tea roses. Sci. Hortic. , 113 , 177–181.

    Baudino S. , 'Fragrance heritability in Hybrid Tea roses ' (2007 ) 113 Sci. Hortic. : 177 -181 .

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Héthelyi, B. É., Domokos, J. (2000): Rózsaolajok kapillár gázkromatográfiás vizsgálata. (Capillary gas-chromatographic analysis of rose oils.) Olaj, Szappan, Kozmetika , 49 , 183–188.

    Domokos J. , 'Rózsaolajok kapillár gázkromatográfiás vizsgálata ' (2000 ) 49 Olaj, Szappan, Kozmetika : 183 -188 .

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Héthelyi, B. É., Galambosi, B., Szarka, S. (2009): Mikkeliben termesztett Perilla frutescens kemotaxonok illóolajának GC/MS-, a herba SPME-GC/MS vizsgálata. (GC/MS study of essential oil from Perilla frutescens chemotaxons grown in Mikkeli and SPME-GC/MS study of the herb.) Olaj, Szappan, Kozmetika , 58 , 61–67.

    Szarka S. , 'Mikkeliben termesztett Perilla frutescens kemotaxonok illóolajának GC/MS-, a herba SPME-GC/MS vizsgálata ' (2009 ) 58 Olaj, Szappan, Kozmetika : 61 -67 .

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Jalali-Heravi, M., Parastar, H., Sereshti, H. (2008): Development of a method for analysis of Iranian damask rose oil: Combination of gas-chromatography-mass spectrometry with chemometric techniques. Analytica Chimica Acta , 623 , 11–21.

    Sereshti H. , 'Development of a method for analysis of Iranian damask rose oil: Combination of gas-chromatography-mass spectrometry with chemometric techniques ' (2008 ) 623 Analytica Chimica Acta : 11 -21 .

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Lawrence, M. B. (1991): Progress in essential oil: rose oil and extracts. Perfum. Flavor. , 16 , 43–77.

    Lawrence M. B. , 'Progress in essential oil: rose oil and extracts ' (1991 ) 16 Perfum. Flavor. : 43 -77 .

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Szabó, L. G., Héthelyi, B. É. (2008): A “Rózsavirág” felhasználása, illóolajának komponensei. (Use of the Rose; components of its essential oil). Olaj, Szappan, Kozmetika , 57 , 37–42.

    Héthelyi B. É. , 'A “Rózsavirág” felhasználása, illóolajának komponensei ' (2008 ) 57 Olaj, Szappan, Kozmetika : 37 -42 .

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Tucker, A. O., Maciarello, M. (1988): Nomenclature and chemistry of the Kazanlak Damasc Rose and some potential alternatives from the horticultural trade of North America and Europe. pp. 99–114. In: Lawrence, B. M., Mookheerje, B. D., Willis, B. J. (eds.), Flavours and Fragrances: a World Perspective . Elsevier, Amsterdam.

    Maciarello M. , '', in Flavours and Fragrances: a World Perspective , (1988 ) -.

  • Ulusoy, S., Bosgelmez-Tinaz, G., Secilmis-Canbay, H. (2009): Tocoferol, carotene, phenolic content and antibacterial properties of rose essential oil, hydrosol and absolute. Curr. Microbiol. , 59 , 554–558.

    Secilmis-Canbay H. , 'Tocoferol, carotene, phenolic content and antibacterial properties of rose essential oil, hydrosol and absolute ' (2009 ) 59 Curr. Microbiol. : 554 -558 .

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Collapse
  • Expand

Acta Agronomica Hungarica
Language English
Russian
German
French
Size  
Year of
Foundation
1950
Publication
Programme
ceased
Volumes
per Year
 
Issues
per Year
 
Founder Magyar Tudományos Akadémia   
Founder's
Address
H-1051 Budapest, Hungary, Széchenyi István tér 9.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 0238-0161 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2527 (Online)

Monthly Content Usage

Abstract Views Full Text Views PDF Downloads
Oct 2023 20 2 0
Nov 2023 27 3 0
Dec 2023 91 0 0
Jan 2024 34 2 0
Feb 2024 22 3 4
Mar 2024 31 1 0
Apr 2024 55 0 0