View More View Less
  • 1 University of West Hungary Department of Mathematics, Physics and Informatics, Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences Mosonmagyaróvár Hungary
Restricted access

The temporal and spatial variability of soil moisture, evapotranspiration and water use were investigated for winter barley. Evaluations were carried out on a database containing meteorological and yield data from 15 stations. The spatial distribution of soil moisture, evapotranspiration and water use efficiency (WUE) was evaluated from 1951 to 2000 and the moisture conditions during the growth period of winter barley were investigated. The water supply was found to be favourable, since the average values of soil moisture remained above the lower limit of favourable water content throughout the growth period, except for September–December and May–June. The actual evapotranspiration tended to be close to the potential evapotranspiration, so the water supplies were favourable throughout the vegetation period. The calculated values of WUE showed an increasing trend from 1960 to 1990, but the lower level of agricultural inputs caused a decline after 1990. The average values of WUE varied between 0.87 and 1.09 g/kg in different counties, with higher values in the northern part of the Great Hungarian Plain. The potential yield of winter barley can be calculated from the maximum value of WUE. Except in the cooler northern and western parts of the country, the potential yield of winter barley, based on the water supply, could exceed 10 t/ha.

  • Cantero-Martinez, C., Villar, J. M., Romagosa, I., Fereres, E. (1996): Growth and yield responses of two contrasting barley cultivars in a Mediterranean environment. Eur. J. Agron., 4, 317–326.

    Fereres E. , 'Growth and yield responses of two contrasting barley cultivars in a Mediterranean environment ' (1996 ) 4 Eur. J. Agron. : 317 -326.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Dunay, S., Posza, I., Varga-Haszonits, Z. (1968): Egyszerű módszer a tényleges evapotranszspiráció és a talaj vízkészletének meghatározására. I. A párolgás meteorológiája. (A simple method for determining actual evapotranspiration and soil moisture content. I. Meteorology of evaporation). Öntözéses Gazdálkodás, 6(2), 39–48.

    Varga-Haszonits Z. , 'Egyszerű módszer a tényleges evapotranszspiráció és a talaj vízkészletének meghatározására. I. A párolgás meteorológiája ' (1968 ) 6 Öntözéses Gazdálkodás : 39 -48.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Dunay, S., Posza, I., Varga-Haszonits, Z. (1969): Egyszerű módszer a tényleges evapotranszspiráció és a talaj vízkészletének meghatározására II. (A simple method for determining actual evapotranspiration and soil moisture content. II.) Öntözéses Gazdálkodás, 7(2), 27–38.

    Varga-Haszonits Z. , 'Egyszerű módszer a tényleges evapotranszspiráció és a talaj vízkészletének meghatározására II ' (1969 ) 7 Öntözéses Gazdálkodás : 27 -38.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Ehlers, W., Goss, M. (2003): Water Dynamics in Plant Production. CABI Publishing.

  • Wallingford, UK. Gregory, P. J., Simmonds, L. P., Pilbeam, C. J. (2000): Soil type, climatic regime, and the response of water use efficiency to crop management. Agron. J., 92, 814–820.

    Pilbeam C. J. , 'Soil type, climatic regime, and the response of water use efficiency to crop management ' (2000 ) 92 Agron. J. : 814 -820.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Gregory, P. J., Tennant, D., Belford, R. K. (1992): Root and shoot growth, and water and light use efficiency of barley and wheat crops grown on a shallow duplex soil in a Mediterraneantype environment. Aust. J. Agric. Res., 43, 555–573.

    Belford R. K. , 'Root and shoot growth, and water and light use efficiency of barley and wheat crops grown on a shallow duplex soil in a Mediterraneantype environment ' (1992 ) 43 Aust. J. Agric. Res. : 555 -573.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Hatfield, J. L., Sauer, T. J., Prueger, J. H. (2001): Managing soils to achieve greater water use efficiency. Agron. J., 93, 271–280.

    Prueger J. H. , 'Managing soils to achieve greater water use efficiency ' (2001 ) 93 Agron. J. : 271 -280.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Kang, S., Zhang, L., Liang, Y., Dawes, W. (2003): Simulation of winter wheat yield and water use efficiency in the Loess Plateau of China using WAVES. Agric. Systems, 78, 355–367.

    Dawes W. , 'Simulation of winter wheat yield and water use efficiency in the Loess Plateau of China using WAVES ' (2003 ) 78 Agric. Systems : 355 -367.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Kozmáné Tóth, E., Posza, I., Tiringer, C. (1995): Szántóföldi növényállományok vízigénye, tényleges párolgása és öntözővízszükséglete. (Water demand, actual evaporation and irrigation demand of plant stands in the field.) Éghajlati és Agrometeorológiai Tanulmányok, 3, 33–96.

    Tiringer C. , 'Szántóföldi növényállományok vízigénye, tényleges párolgása és öntözővízszükséglete ' (1995 ) 3 Éghajlati és Agrometeorológiai Tanulmányok : 33 -96.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • López, M. V., Arrúe, J. L. (1997): Growth, yield and water use efficiency of winter barley in response to conservation tillage in a semi-arid region of Spain. Soil Till. Res., 44, 35–54.

    Arrúe J. L. , 'Growth, yield and water use efficiency of winter barley in response to conservation tillage in a semi-arid region of Spain ' (1997 ) 44 Soil Till. Res. : 35 -54.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Monteith, J. L. (1986): How do crops manipulate water supply and demand? Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Ser. A., 316, 245–259.

    Monteith J. L. , 'How do crops manipulate water supply and demand? ' (1986 ) 316 Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Ser. A. : 245 -259.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Moret, D., Arrúe, J. L., López, M. V., Gracia, R. (2007): Winter barley performance under different cropping and tillage systems in semiarid Aragon (NE Spain). Eur. J. Agron., 26, 54–63.

    Gracia R. , 'Winter barley performance under different cropping and tillage systems in semiarid Aragon (NE Spain) ' (2007 ) 26 Eur. J. Agron. : 54 -63.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Polley, H. W. (2002): Implication of atmospheric and climatic change for crop yield and water use efficiency. Crop Sci., 42, 131–140.

    Polley H. W. , 'Implication of atmospheric and climatic change for crop yield and water use efficiency ' (2002 ) 42 Crop Sci. : 131 -140.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Posza, I. (1984): Növényállományok evapotranszspirációja. (Evapotranspiration of plant stands.) PhD dissertation. Szarvas. 111 p.

  • Singh, B., Chanasyk, D. S., McGill, W. B. (1998): Soil water regime under barley with long-term tillage-residue systems. Soil Till. Res., 45, 59–74.

    McGill W. B. , 'Soil water regime under barley with long-term tillage-residue systems ' (1998 ) 45 Soil Till. Res. : 59 -74.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Szalóky, S. (1989): A növények vízigénye, vízhasznosítása és öntözővíz-szükséglete. pp. 100–154. In: Water demand, water use and irrigation demand of crops. (Practical manual of irrigation.) Szalai, G. (ed.), Az öntözés gyakorlati kézikönyve. Mezőgazdasági Kiadó, Budapest.

    Szalóky S. , '', in Water demand, water use and irrigation demand of crops , (1989 ) -.

  • Varga-Haszonits, Z. (1991): Az őszi búza vízellátottsága és vízfogyasztása. (Water supply and water use of winter wheat.) OMSz, Budapest, pp. 103–117.

    Varga-Haszonits Z. , '', in Az őszi búza vízellátottsága és vízfogyasztása , (1991 ) -.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Zhang, Y. Q., Kendy, E., Yu, Q. A., Liu, C. M., Shen, Y. J., Sun, H. Y. (2004): Effect of soil water deficit on evapotranspiration, crop yield, and water use efficiency in the North China Plain. Agric. Water Manag., 64, 107–122.

    Sun H. Y. , 'Effect of soil water deficit on evapotranspiration, crop yield, and water use efficiency in the North China Plain ' (2004 ) 64 Agric. Water Manag. : 107 -122.

    • Search Google Scholar

Monthly Content Usage

Abstract Views Full Text Views PDF Downloads
Jun 2020 0 8 2
Jul 2020 10 5 0
Aug 2020 10 0 0
Sep 2020 9 0 0
Oct 2020 8 0 0
Nov 2020 7 0 0
Dec 2020 0 0 0