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  • 1 University of Kaposvár Department of Botany and Plant Production, Faculty of Animal Science Kaposvár Hungary
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Macrophomina phaseolina (Tassi) Goidanich can cause serious yield losses in several plant species. Investigations were made on the colony morphology of fifty Macrophomina phaseolina isolates from Hungary, one from Spain and two from Serbia on six different culture media to detect differences between the isolates. The fungus exhibited the most intensive growth on maize-flour agar, followed by the Sabouraud-glucose, maltextract, potato-dextrose, Czapek-Dox and watery agar media. Investigations on the macromorphology of the isolates revealed different extents of aerial mycelia formation and differences in the zonal structure of microsclerotial formation on the individual media. One isolate (Mp 38) turned the Sabouraud-glucose agar medium pale pink. Investigations on the micromorphology of the cultures showed that the isolates also varied with respect to microsclerotial characters (size, shape and production of microsclerotia). The microsclerotia of this fungal pathogen had the greatest diameter (averaging 135.31 μm) on Sabouraud-glucose agar medium. This study was the first in Hungary to prove that Macrophomina phaseolina could be grown on nutrient-deficient watery agar, suggesting that it can tolerate a wide range of ecological circumstances.

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Acta Agronomica Hungarica
Language English
Russian
German
French
Size  
Year of
Foundation
1950
Publication
Programme
ceased
Volumes
per Year
 
Issues
per Year
 
Founder Magyar Tudományos Akadémia
Founder's
Address
H-1051 Budapest, Hungary, Széchenyi István tér 9.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 0238-0161 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2527 (Online)

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