Authors:
B. Tóth Cereal Research Nonprofit Ltd. Szeged Hungary

Search for other papers by B. Tóth in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
O. Török Cereal Research Nonprofit Ltd. Szeged Hungary

Search for other papers by O. Török in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
É. Kótai Cereal Research Nonprofit Ltd. Szeged Hungary

Search for other papers by É. Kótai in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
M. Varga Cereal Research Nonprofit Ltd. Szeged Hungary

Search for other papers by M. Varga in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
É. Toldiné Tóth Cereal Research Nonprofit Ltd. Szeged Hungary

Search for other papers by É. Toldiné Tóth in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
X. Pálfi Cereal Research Nonprofit Ltd. Szeged Hungary

Search for other papers by X. Pálfi in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
E. Háfra

Search for other papers by E. Háfra in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
J. Varga University of Szeged Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Science and Informatics Szeged Hungary

Search for other papers by J. Varga in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
J. Téren University of Szeged Faculty of Engineering Szeged Hungary

Search for other papers by J. Téren in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
, and
Á. Mesterházy Cereal Research Nonprofit Ltd. Szeged Hungary

Search for other papers by Á. Mesterházy in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
Restricted access

Aspergillus and Penicillium species and their mycotoxins, including aflatoxins, ochratoxins, fumonisins and patulin, are frequently encountered on cereal products. The occurrence of these species and their mycotoxins on maize was investigated in Hungary after harvest in two consecutive years. Surface-sterilized cereal seeds were placed on selective media, and the isolated fungal strains were identified using morphological methods. In 2010 and 2011, 81.94% and 14.33%, respectively, of the samples were found to be contaminated with potentially toxigenic isolates. The species identification of selected isolates was carried out using sequence-based methods. Several Aspergillus flavus isolates were identified, which are potential aflatoxin producers. Other mycotoxinproducing species were also isolated, including black Aspergilli, which potentially produce ochratoxins and fumonisins, and A. clavatus, which produces patulin. In 2010 a large number of Penicillium species occurred in the samples, producing a wide range of mycotoxins. The mycotoxin content of the samples was analysed using the ELISA and HPLC techniques. Aflatoxins were not detected in any of the samples, while ochratoxins and fumonisins were successfully identified in some of the maize seeds.

  • Altschul, S. F., Gish, W., Miller, W., Myers, E. W., Lipman, D. J. (1990): Basic local alignment search tool. J. Mol. Biol., 215, 403–410.

    Lipman D. J. , 'Basic local alignment search tool ' (1990 ) 215 J. Mol. Biol. : 403 -410 .

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Borbély, M., Sipos, P., Pelles, F., Győri, Z. (2010): Mycotoxin contamination in cereals. J. Agronom. Proc. Techn., 16, 96–98.

    Győri Z. , 'Mycotoxin contamination in cereals ' (2010 ) 16 J. Agronom. Proc. Techn. : 96 -98 .

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Curtui, V., Usleber, E., Dietrich, R., Lepschy, J., Märtlbauer, E. (1998): A survey on the occurrence of mycotoxins in wheat and maize from western Romania. Mycopathologia, 143, 97–103.

    Märtlbauer E. , 'A survey on the occurrence of mycotoxins in wheat and maize from western Romania ' (1998 ) 143 Mycopathologia : 97 -103 .

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Dobolyi, C., Sebők, F., Varga, J., Kocsubé, S., Szigeti, G., Baranyi, N., Szécsi, Á., Lustyik, G., Micsinai, A., Tóth, B., Varga, M., Kriszt, B., Kukolya, J. (2011): Aflatoxin-termelő Aspergillus flavus törzsek előfordulása hazai kukorica szemtermésben. (Occurrence of aflatoxin producing Aspergillus flavus isolates on maize kernel in Hungary.) Növényvédelem, 47, 125–133.

    Kukolya J. , 'Aflatoxin-termelő Aspergillus flavus törzsek előfordulása hazai kukorica szemtermésben ' (2011 ) 47 Növényvédelem : 125 -133 .

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Giorni, P., Magan, N., Pietri, A., Bertuzzi, T., Battilani, P. (2007): Studies on Aspergillus section Flavi isolated from maize in northern Italy. Int. J. Food Microbiol., 113, 330–338.

    Battilani P. , 'Studies on Aspergillus section Flavi isolated from maize in northern Italy ' (2007 ) 113 Int. J. Food Microbiol. : 330 -338 .

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Halt, M. (1994): Aspergillus flavus and aflatoxin B1 in flour production. Eur. J. Epidem., 10, 555–558.

    Halt M. , 'Aspergillus flavus and aflatoxin B1 in flour production ' (1994 ) 10 Eur. J. Epidem. : 555 -558 .

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Halt, M., Klapec, T., Slibaric, D., Macura, M., Bacani, S. (2004): Fungal contamination of cookies and the raw materials for their production in Croatia. Czech J. Food Sci., 22, 95–98.

    Bacani S. , 'Fungal contamination of cookies and the raw materials for their production in Croatia ' (2004 ) 22 Czech J. Food Sci. : 95 -98 .

    • Search Google Scholar
  • King, A. D. Jr., Hocking, A. D., Pitt, J. I. (1979): Dichloran-rose bengal medium for enumeration and isolation of molds from foods. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 37, 959–964.

    Pitt J. I. , 'Dichloran-rose bengal medium for enumeration and isolation of molds from foods ' (1979 ) 37 Appl. Environ. Microbiol. : 959 -964 .

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Lund, F., Frisvad, J. C. (2003): Penicillium verrucosum in wheat and barley indicates presence of ochratoxin A. J. Appl. Microbiol., 95, 1117–1123.

    Frisvad J. C. , 'Penicillium verrucosum in wheat and barley indicates presence of ochratoxin A ' (2003 ) 95 J. Appl. Microbiol. : 1117 -1123 .

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Magnoli, C. E., Astoreca, A. L., Chiacchiera, S. M., Dalcero, A. M. (2007): Occurrence of ochratoxin A and ochratoxigenic mycoflora in corn and corn based foods and feeds in some South American countries. Mycopathologia, 163, 249–260.

    Dalcero A. M. , 'Occurrence of ochratoxin A and ochratoxigenic mycoflora in corn and corn based foods and feeds in some South American countries ' (2007 ) 163 Mycopathologia : 249 -260 .

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Pildain, M. B., Frisvad, J. C., Vaamonde, G., Cabral, D., Varga, J., Samson, R. A. (2008): Two novel aflatoxin-producing Aspergillus species from Argentinian peanuts. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 58, 725–735.

    Samson R. A. , 'Two novel aflatoxin-producing Aspergillus species from Argentinian peanuts ' (2008 ) 58 Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. : 725 -735 .

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Raper, K. B., Fennell, D. I. (1965): The Genus Aspergillus. Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore.

    Fennell D. I. , '', in The Genus Aspergillus , (1965 ) -.

  • Samson, R. A., Hoekstra, E. S., Frisvad, J. C. (2004): Introduction to Food- and Airborne Fungi. 7th edition. CBS Fungal Biodiversity Center, Utrecht, Netherlands.

    Frisvad J. C. , '', in Introduction to Food- and Airborne Fungi , (2004 ) -.

  • Samson, R. A., Houbraken, J., Thrane, U., Frisvad, J. C., Andersen, B. (2010): Food and Indoor Fungi. CBS-KNAW Fungal Biodiversity Centre, Utrecht.

    Andersen B. , '', in Food and Indoor Fungi , (2010 ) -.

  • Tabuc, C., Marin, D., Guerre, P., Sesan, T., Bailly, J.D. (2009): Molds and mycotoxin content of cereals in southeastern Romania. J. Food Protect. 72, 662–665.

    Bailly J.D. , 'Molds and mycotoxin content of cereals in southeastern Romania ' (2009 ) 72 J. Food Protect : 662 -665 .

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Varga, J., Frisvad, J. C., Samson, R. A. (2009): A reappraisal of fungi producing aflatoxins. World Mycotoxin J., 2, 263–277.

    Samson R. A. , 'A reappraisal of fungi producing aflatoxins ' (2009 ) 2 World Mycotoxin J. : 263 -277 .

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Varga, J., Frisvad, J. C., Samson, R. A. (2011): Two new aflatoxin producing species, and an overview of Aspergillus section Flavi. Stud. Mycol., 69, 57–80.

    Samson R. A. , 'Two new aflatoxin producing species, and an overview of Aspergillus section Flavi ' (2011 ) 69 Stud. Mycol. : 57 -80 .

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Varga, J., Kocsubé, S., Suri, K., Szigeti, G., Szekeres, A., Varga, M., Tóth, B., Bartók, T. (2010): Fumonisin contamination and fumonisin producing black Aspergilli in dried vine fruits of different origin. Int: J. Food Microbiol., 143, 143–149.

    Bartók T. , 'Fumonisin contamination and fumonisin producing black Aspergilli in dried vine fruits of different origin ' (2010 ) 143 Int: J. Food Microbiol. : 143 -149 .

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Varga, J., Kocsubé, S., Szigeti, G., Man, V., Tóth, B., Vágvölgyi, C., Bartók, T. (2012): Black Aspergilli and fumonisin contamination in onions purchased in Hungary. Acta Aliment. (in press)

  • Varga, J., Tóth, B., Mesterházy, Á., Téren, J., Fazekas, B. (2004): Mycotoxigenic fungi and mycotoxins in foods and feeds in Hungary. In: Logrieco, A., Visconti, A. (eds.), An Overview on Toxigenic Fungi and Mycotoxins in Europe. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Amsterdam, pp. 123–139.

    Fazekas B. , '', in An Overview on Toxigenic Fungi and Mycotoxins in Europe , (2004 ) -.

  • Collapse
  • Expand

Acta Agronomica Hungarica
Language English
Russian
German
French
Size  
Year of
Foundation
1950
Publication
Programme
ceased
Volumes
per Year
 
Issues
per Year
 
Founder Magyar Tudományos Akadémia   
Founder's
Address
H-1051 Budapest, Hungary, Széchenyi István tér 9.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 0238-0161 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2527 (Online)

Monthly Content Usage

Abstract Views Full Text Views PDF Downloads
Sep 2023 4 1 1
Oct 2023 13 4 0
Nov 2023 24 1 0
Dec 2023 51 1 0
Jan 2024 31 1 2
Feb 2024 66 2 1
Mar 2024 6 0 0