View More View Less
  • 1 Hungarian Academy of Sciences Agricultural Institute, Centre for Agricultural Research Martonvásár Hungary
Restricted access

In a long-term maize monoculture experiment set up on the active ingredient equivalence principle, changes in the yield components were investigated over a period of three years (2005–2007) as a function of the fertiliser treatments, and the values of the growth parameters HI, LAI, NAR and CGR were calculated using the classical method of growth analysis.The results indicated that optimum N supplies and the year effect made a substantial contribution both to the grain number per ear and to the thousand-kernel weight. In the course of correlation analysis, both Pearson’s correlation coefficient and multiple regression analysis demonstrated that the grain yield was in close positive correlation with these yield components, and with the maximum value of dry matter production and the harvest index. The two yield components explained 76% of the grain yield, and the effect of thousand-kernel weight was around 3.75 times as great as that of the grain number per ear (β = 0.721 vs. 0.192). On the basis of partial correlation analysis, the maximum value of total dry matter and the thousand-kernel weight were jointly responsible for around 60% of the variance in maize grain yield. Analysis using the “Enter” method showed that the two yield components explained 62% and 59% of the grain yield in wet years (R22005 = 62.3%; R22006 = 58.8%), while in the dry year neither the thousand-kernel weight nor the grain number per ear had a significant effect on the yield (R22007 = 4.5%).

  • Berzsenyi, Z. (1996): A N-műtrágyázás hatásának vizsgálata a kukorica (Zea mays L.) növekedésére Hunt-Parsons modellel. (Studies on the effect of N fertilisation on maize (Zea mays L.) growth using the Hunt-Parsons model.) Növénytermelés, 45, 35–52.

    Berzsenyi Z. , 'A N-műtrágyázás hatásának vizsgálata a kukorica (Zea mays L.) növekedésére Hunt-Parsons modellel ' (1996 ) 45 Növénytermelés : 35 -52.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Berzsenyi, Z. (2009): Az ötven éves martonvásári tartamkísérletek jelentősége a növénytermesztés fejlesztésében. (Importance of the fifty-year-old long-term experiments in Martonvásár in the development of crop production.) In: Berzsenyi, Z., Árendás, T. (eds.), Tartamkísérletek jelentősége a növénytermesztés fejlesztésében. (Importance of long-term experiments in the development of crop production.) Scientific Workshop. MTA MGKI, Martonvásár, pp. 37–49.

    Berzsenyi Z. , '', in Tartamkísérletek jelentősége a növénytermesztés fejlesztésében , (2009 ) -.

  • Berzsenyi, Z., Lap, D. Q. (2003): A N-műtrágyázás hatása a kukorica- (Zea mays L.) hibridek szemtermésére és N-műtrágyareakciójára tartamkísérletben. (Effect of N fertilisation on the grain yield and N fertiliser response of maize (Zea mays L.) hybrids in a long term experiment.) Növénytermelés, 52, 389–408.

    Lap D. Q. , 'A N-műtrágyázás hatása a kukorica- (Zea mays L.) hibridek szemtermésére és N-műtrágyareakciójára tartamkísérletben ' (2003 ) 52 Növénytermelés : 389 -408.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Berzsenyi, Z., Lap, D. Q., Micskei, G., Sugár, E., Takács, N. (2007): Effect of maize stalks and N fertilisation on the yield and yield stability of maize (Zea mays L.) grown in a monoculture in a long-term experiment. Cereal Res. Commun., 35, 249–252.

    Takács N. , 'Effect of maize stalks and N fertilisation on the yield and yield stability of maize (Zea mays L.) grown in a monoculture in a long-term experiment ' (2007 ) 35 Cereal Res. Commun. : 249 -252.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Bocz, E., Nagy, J. (1981): A kukorica víz és tápanyagellátásának optimalizálása és hatása a termés tömegére. (Optimizing of water- and nutrient supply for maize and effect thereof on mass of cropyield.) Növénytermelés, 30, 539–549.

    Nagy J. , 'A kukorica víz és tápanyagellátásának optimalizálása és hatása a termés tömegére ' (1981 ) 30 Növénytermelés : 539 -549.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Csikász, T., Alföldi, Z., Józsa, S., Treitz, M. (2002): Use of growth analysis to evaluate genetic mechanisms affecting achene yield formation of sunflower. J. Central Europ. Agric., 3, 179–188.

    Treitz M. , 'Use of growth analysis to evaluate genetic mechanisms affecting achene yield formation of sunflower ' (2002 ) 3 J. Central Europ. Agric. : 179 -188.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • DeLoughery, R. L., Crookston, R. K. (1979): Harvest index of corn affected by population density, maturity ratings, and environment. Agron. J., 71, 577–580.

    Crookston R. K. , 'Harvest index of corn affected by population density, maturity ratings, and environment ' (1979 ) 71 Agron. J. : 577 -580.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Egli, D. B. (1998): Seed Biology and the Yield of Grain Crops. CAB International, Oxford, 178. p.

    Egli D. B. , '', in Seed Biology and the Yield of Grain Crops , (1998 ) -.

  • Evans, G. C. (1972): The Quantitative Analysis of Plant Growth. Blackwell Scientific Publications, 734 p.

  • GenStat (2002): GenStat Release 13.1. Copyright 2002. Lawes Agricultural Trust, Rothamsted.

    '', in GenStat Release 13.1 , (2002 ) -.

  • Hanway, J. J. (1962): Corn growth and composition in relation to soil fertility. I. Growth of different plant parts and relation between leaf weight and grain yield. Agron. J., 54, 145–148.

    Hanway J. J. , 'Corn growth and composition in relation to soil fertility. I. Growth of different plant parts and relation between leaf weight and grain yield ' (1962 ) 54 Agron. J. : 145 -148.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Krantz, B. A., Chandler, W. V. (1951): Lodging, leaf-composition and yield of corn as influenced by heavy applications of nitrogen and potash. Agron. J., 43, 547–552.

    Chandler W. V. , 'Lodging, leaf-composition and yield of corn as influenced by heavy applications of nitrogen and potash ' (1951 ) 43 Agron. J. : 547 -552.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Micskei, G., Jócsák, I., Berzsenyi, Z. (2009): Az istállótrágya és műtrágya hatása a kukorica növekedésére és növekedési mutatóinak dinamikájára, eltérő évjáratokban. (Effect of farmyard manure and mineral fertiliser on the growth and the dynamics of the growth parameters of maize in different years.) Növénytermelés, 5, 45–56.

    Berzsenyi Z. , 'Az istállótrágya és műtrágya hatása a kukorica növekedésére és növekedési mutatóinak dinamikájára, eltérő évjáratokban ' (2009 ) 5 Növénytermelés : 45 -56.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Micskei, G., Jócsák, I., Berzsenyi, Z. (2010a): Studies on the effect of farmyard manure and mineral fertiliser on the growth of maize (Zea mays L.) in a long-term experiment. I. Using the classical method of plant growth analysis. Acta Agron. Hung., 58, 227–238.

    Berzsenyi Z. , 'Studies on the effect of farmyard manure and mineral fertiliser on the growth of maize (Zea mays L.) in a long-term experiment. I. Using the classical method of plant growth analysis ' (2010 ) 58 Acta Agron. Hung. : 227 -238.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Micskei, G., Jócsák, I., Berzsenyi, Z. (2010b): Studies on the effect of farmyard manure and mineral fertiliser on the growth of maize (Zea mays L.) in a long-term experiment. II. Using the Hunt-Parsons program for plant growth analysis. Acta Agron. Hung., 58, 355–365.

    Berzsenyi Z. , 'Studies on the effect of farmyard manure and mineral fertiliser on the growth of maize (Zea mays L.) in a long-term experiment. II. Using the Hunt-Parsons program for plant growth analysis ' (2010 ) 58 Acta Agron. Hung. : 355 -365.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • MSAT-C (1991): A Microcomputer Program for the Design, Management and Analysis of Agronomic Research Experiments. MSTAT Development Team, Michigan State University.

  • SPSS for Windows (2001): User’s Guide. Release 11.0. SPSS Inc., Chicago.

    '', in User’s Guide. Release 11.0 , (2001 ) -.

  • Sváb, J. (1981): Biometriai módszerek a kutatásban. (Biometrical methods in agricultural research.) Mezőgazdasági Kiadó, Budapest, 499 p.

    Sváb J. , '', in Biometriai módszerek a kutatásban , (1981 ) -.

  • Watson, D. J. (1958): The dependence of net assimilation rate on leaf area index. Ann. Bot., 22, 37–54.

    Watson D. J. , 'The dependence of net assimilation rate on leaf area index ' (1958 ) 22 Ann. Bot. : 37 -54.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Wolfe, D. W., Henderson, D. W., Hsiao, T. C., Alvino, A. (1988): Interactive water and nitrogen effects in senescence of maize. I. Leaf area duration, nitrogen distribution, and yield. Agron. J., 80, 859–864.

    Alvino A. , 'Interactive water and nitrogen effects in senescence of maize. I. Leaf area duration, nitrogen distribution, and yield ' (1988 ) 80 Agron. J. : 859 -864.

    • Search Google Scholar

Acta Agronomica Hungarica
Language English
Russian
German
French
Size  
Year of
Foundation
1950
Publication
Programme
ceased
Volumes
per Year
 
Issues
per Year
 
Founder Magyar Tudományos Akadémia
Founder's
Address
H-1051 Budapest, Hungary, Széchenyi István tér 9.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 0238-0161 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2527 (Online)

Monthly Content Usage

Abstract Views Full Text Views PDF Downloads
Jan 2021 2 0 0
Feb 2021 0 2 1
Mar 2021 0 0 0
Apr 2021 3 0 0
May 2021 1 0 0
Jun 2021 3 0 0
Jul 2021 0 0 0