View More View Less
  • 1 University of Pannonia Potato Research Centre, Centre of Agricultural Sciences Keszthely Hungary
  • 2 Seed and Plant Improvement Institute (SPII) Karaj Iran
  • 3 University of Pannonia Plant Protection Institute Keszthely Hungary
  • 4 University of Pannonia Department of Plant Science and Biotechnology, Georgikon Faculty Keszthely Hungary
Restricted access

Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) is the fourth most important food crop in the world. It is the most economically valuable and well-known member of the plant family Solanaceae. Potato is the host of many pathogens, including fungi, bacteria, Phytoplasmas, viruses, viroids and nematodes, which cause reductions in the quantity and quality of yield. Apart from the late blight fungus [Phytophthora infestans (Mont.) de Bary] viruses are the most important pathogens, with over 40 viruses and virus-like pathogens infecting cultivated potatoes in the field, among which Potato virus Y (PVY), Potato leaf roll virus (PLRV), Potato virus X (PVX), Potato virus A (PVA), Potato virus S (PVS) and Potato virus M (PVM) are some of the most important viruses in the world. In this review, their characteristics and types of resistance to them will be discussed.

  • Adams, M. J., Antoniw, J. F., Bar-Joseph, M., Brunt, A. A., Candresse, T., Foster, G. D., Martelli, G. P., Milne, R. G., Fauquet, C. M. (2004): The new plant virus family Flexiviridae and assessment of molecular criteria for species demarcation. Arch. Virol., 149, 1045–1060.

    Fauquet C. M. , 'The new plant virus family Flexiviridae and assessment of molecular criteria for species demarcation ' (2004 ) 149 Arch. Virol. : 1045 -1060.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Adams, S. E., Jones, R. A. C., Coutts, R. H. A. (1986): Expression of potato virus-X resistance gene Rx in potato leaf protoplasts. J. General Virol., 67, 2341–2345.

    Coutts R. H. A. , 'Expression of potato virus-X resistance gene Rx in potato leaf protoplasts ' (1986 ) 67 J. General Virol. : 2341 -2345.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Baerecke, M. L. (1961): Erfahrungen mit einjährigen Kartoffelabbauversuchen unter starken Blattrollinfektionsbedingungen. Z. Pflanzenzucht., 45, 225–253.

    Baerecke M. L. , 'Erfahrungen mit einjährigen Kartoffelabbauversuchen unter starken Blattrollinfektionsbedingungen ' (1961 ) 45 Z. Pflanzenzucht. : 225 -253.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Barker, H. (1987): Multiple components of the resistance of potatoes to potato leafroll virus. Annals of Appl. Biol., 111, 641–648.

    Barker H. , 'Multiple components of the resistance of potatoes to potato leafroll virus ' (1987 ) 111 Annals of Appl. Biol. : 641 -648.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Barker, H. (1996): Inheritance of resistance to potato viruses Y and A in progeny obtained from potato cultivars containing gene Ry: evidence for a new gene for extreme resistance to PVA. Theor. Appl. Genet., 93, 710–716.

    Barker H. , 'Inheritance of resistance to potato viruses Y and A in progeny obtained from potato cultivars containing gene Ry: evidence for a new gene for extreme resistance to PVA ' (1996 ) 93 Theor. Appl. Genet. : 710 -716.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Barker, H., Harrison, B. (1985): Restricted multiplication of potato leafroll virus in resistant potato genotypes. Annals Appl. Biol., 107, 205–212.

    Harrison B. , 'Restricted multiplication of potato leafroll virus in resistant potato genotypes ' (1985 ) 107 Annals Appl. Biol. : 205 -212.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Barker, H., Woodford, J. (1992): Spread of potato leafroll virus is decreased from plants of potato clones in which virus accumulation is restricted. Annals Appl. Biol., 121, 345–354.

    Woodford J. , 'Spread of potato leafroll virus is decreased from plants of potato clones in which virus accumulation is restricted ' (1992 ) 121 Annals Appl. Biol. : 345 -354.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Beczner, L., Horváth, J., Romhanyi, I., Förster, H. (1984): Studies on the etiology of tuber necrotic ringspot disease in potato. Potato Res., 27, 339–352.

    Förster H. , 'Studies on the etiology of tuber necrotic ringspot disease in potato ' (1984 ) 27 Potato Res. : 339 -352.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Beemster, A. (1987): Virus translocation and mature-plant resistance in potato plants. In: de Bokx, J. A., van der Want, J. P. H. (eds.), Viruses of Potatoes and Seed-Potato Production, Pudoc, Wageningen, pp. 116–125.

  • Bendahmane, A., Baulcombe, D. C., Kanyuka, K. (1999): The Rx gene from potato controls separate virus resistance and cell death responses. Plant Cell, 11, 781–791.

    Kanyuka K. , 'The Rx gene from potato controls separate virus resistance and cell death responses ' (1999 ) 11 Plant Cell : 781 -791.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Blanco-Urgoiti, B., Sánchez, F., Perez de San Roman, C., Dopazo, J., Ponz, F. (1998a): Potato virus Y group C isolates are a homogeneous pathotype but two different genetic strains. J. General Virol., 79, 2037–2042.

    Ponz F. , 'Potato virus Y group C isolates are a homogeneous pathotype but two different genetic strains ' (1998 ) 79 J. General Virol. : 2037 -2042.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Blanco-Urgoiti, B., Tribodet, M., Leclere, S., Ponz, F., Pérez de San Román, C., Legorburu, F., Kerlan, C. (1998b): Characterization of potato potyvirus Y (PVY) isolates from seed potato batches. Situation of the NTN, Wilga and Z isolates. European J. Plant Pathol., 104, 811–819.

    Kerlan C. , 'Characterization of potato potyvirus Y (PVY) isolates from seed potato batches. Situation of the NTN, Wilga and Z isolates ' (1998 ) 104 European J. Plant Pathol. : 811 -819.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Bode, O., Volk, J. (1957): Beobachtungen über einen neuen Stamm des Kartoffel-Y-Virus. Kartoffelbau, 8, 140–141.

    Volk J. , 'Beobachtungen über einen neuen Stamm des Kartoffel-Y-Virus ' (1957 ) 8 Kartoffelbau : 140 -141.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Bonierbale, M. W., Plaisted, R. L., Tanksley, S. D. (1988): RFLP maps based on a common set of clones reveal modes of chromosomal evolution in potato and tomato. Genetics, 120, 1095–1103.

    Tanksley S. D. , 'RFLP maps based on a common set of clones reveal modes of chromosomal evolution in potato and tomato ' (1988 ) 120 Genetics : 1095 -1103.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Brigneti, G., Garcia-Mas, J., Baulcombe, D. (1997): Molecular mapping of the potato virus Y resistance gene Rysto in potato. Theor. Appl. Genet., 94, 198–203.

    Baulcombe D. , 'Molecular mapping of the potato virus Y resistance gene Rysto in potato ' (1997 ) 94 Theor. Appl. Genet. : 198 -203.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Browning, I., Charlet, K., Chrzanowska, M., Dedic, P., Kerlan, C., Kryszczuk, A., Schubert, J., Varveri, C., Werkman, A., Wolf, I. (2004): What is PVYNTN? The reaction of potato cultivars to inoculation with a range of PVY isolates. Abstracts of the 12th European Association for Potato Research Virology Section Meeting, Rennes, France. pp. 48–50.

  • Chrzanowska, M. (1991): New isolates of the necrotic strain of potato virus Y (PVY N) found recently in Poland. Potato Res., 34, 179–182.

    Chrzanowska M. , 'New isolates of the necrotic strain of potato virus Y (PVY N) found recently in Poland ' (1991 ) 34 Potato Res. : 179 -182.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Cockerham, G. (1955): Strains of potato virus X. Proc. 2nd Conf. Virus Dis., Lisse-Wageninen, 1954. pp. 89–92.

  • Cockerham, G. (1970): Genetical studies on resistance to potato viruses X and Y. Heredity, 25, 309–348.

    Cockerham G. , 'Genetical studies on resistance to potato viruses X and Y ' (1970 ) 25 Heredity : 309 -348.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Davidson, T. M. W. (1980): Breeding for resistance to virus disease of the potato (Solanum tuberosum) at the Scottish Plant Breeding Station. Scottish Plant Breeding Station 59th Annual Report, Pentlandfield, Scotland, UK. pp. 100–108.

  • De Bokx, J. A., Huttinga, H. (1981): Potato viros Y. Descriptions of Plant Viruses. No. 242. CMI/AAB, Kew, Surrey, UK.

    Huttinga H. , '', in Descriptions of Plant Viruses. No. 242 , (1981 ) -.

  • DeJong, W., Forsyth, A., Leister, D., Gebhardt, C., Baulcombe, D. C. (1997): A potato hypersensitive resistance gene against potato virus X maps to a resistance gene cluster on chromosome 5. Theor. Appl. Genet., 95, 246–252.

    Baulcombe D. C. , 'A potato hypersensitive resistance gene against potato virus X maps to a resistance gene cluster on chromosome 5 ' (1997 ) 95 Theor. Appl. Genet. : 246 -252.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Delhfy, R. (1974): Zur Natur der extremen Virusresistenz bei der Kartoffel. J. Phytopathol., 80, 97–119.

    Delhfy R. , 'Zur Natur der extremen Virusresistenz bei der Kartoffel ' (1974 ) 80 J. Phytopathol. : 97 -119.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Derrick, P. M., Barker, H. (1992): The restricted distribution of potato leafroll luteovirus antigen in potato plants with transgenic resistance resembles that in clones with one type of host gene mediated resistance. Annals Appl. Biol., 120, 451–457.

    Barker H. , 'The restricted distribution of potato leafroll luteovirus antigen in potato plants with transgenic resistance resembles that in clones with one type of host gene mediated resistance ' (1992 ) 120 Annals Appl. Biol. : 451 -457.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Dougherty, W. G., Carrington, J. C. (1988): Expression and function of potyviral gene products. Annu. Rev. Phytopathol., 26, 123–143.

    Carrington J. C. , 'Expression and function of potyviral gene products ' (1988 ) 26 Annu. Rev. Phytopathol. : 123 -143.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Fletcher, J. (1996): Potato virus SA — characteristics of an isolate from New Zealand. N. Z. J. Crop Hortic. Sci., 24, 335–339.

    Fletcher J. , 'Potato virus SA — characteristics of an isolate from New Zealand ' (1996 ) 24 N. Z. J. Crop Hortic. Sci. : 335 -339.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Flis, B., Hennig, J., Strzelczyk-Żyta, D., Gebhardt, C., Marczewski, W. (2005): The Ry-f sto gene from Solanum stoloniferum for extreme resistant to Potato virus Y maps to potato chromosome XII and is diagnosed by PCR marker GP122 718 in PVY resistant potato cultivars. Mol. Breed., 15, 95–101.

    Marczewski W. , 'The Ry-f sto gene from Solanum stoloniferum for extreme resistant to Potato virus Y maps to potato chromosome XII and is diagnosed by PCR marker GP122 718 in PVY resistant potato cultivars ' (2005 ) 15 Mol. Breed. : 95 -101.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Foster, G. (1991): Molecular variations between ordinary and Andean strains of potato virus S. Res. Virol., 142, 413–416.

    Foster G. , 'Molecular variations between ordinary and Andean strains of potato virus S ' (1991 ) 142 Res. Virol. : 413 -416.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Foster, G. D., Mills, P. R. (1990): Detection of strains of potato virus-S by nucleic-acid spot hybridization (Nash). Potato Res., 33, 487–495.

    Mills P. R. , 'Detection of strains of potato virus-S by nucleic-acid spot hybridization (Nash) ' (1990 ) 33 Potato Res. : 487 -495.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Gase, D.-B. G., Möller, D. K. H., Schenk, D. G. (1988): Die Bestimmung der relativen Viruskonzentration zur Einschätzung der quantitativen Resistenz von Kartoffelgenotypen gegen das Kartoffelblattroll-Virus (potato leafroll virus). Arch. Phytopathol. Plant Protect., 24, 163–165.

    Schenk D. G. , 'Die Bestimmung der relativen Viruskonzentration zur Einschätzung der quantitativen Resistenz von Kartoffelgenotypen gegen das Kartoffelblattroll-Virus (potato leafroll virus) ' (1988 ) 24 Arch. Phytopathol. Plant Protect. : 163 -165.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Gibson, R., Pehu, E., Woods, R., Jones, M. (1990): Resistance to potato virus Y and potato virus X in Solanum brevidens. Annals Appl. Biol., 116, 151–156.

    Jones M. , 'Resistance to potato virus Y and potato virus X in Solanum brevidens ' (1990 ) 116 Annals Appl. Biol. : 151 -156.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Gibson, R. W., Pickett, J. A. (1983): Wild potato repels aphids by release of aphid alarm pheromone. Nature, 302, 608–609.

    Pickett J. A. , 'Wild potato repels aphids by release of aphid alarm pheromone ' (1983 ) 302 Nature : 608 -609.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Glais, L., Tribodet, M., Kerlan, C. (2005): Specific detection of the PVYN-W variant of Potato virus Y. J. Virol. Methods, 125, 131–136.

    Kerlan C. , 'Specific detection of the PVYN-W variant of Potato virus Y ' (2005 ) 125 J. Virol. Methods : 131 -136.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Goldbach, R., Bucher, E., Prins, M. (2003): Resistance mechanisms to plant viruses: an overview. Virus Res., 92, 207–212.

    Prins M. , 'Resistance mechanisms to plant viruses: an overview ' (2003 ) 92 Virus Res. : 207 -212.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Golinowski, W., Tomenius, K., Oxelfelt, P. (1987): Ultrastructural studies on potato phloem cells infected with potato leaf roll virus - comparison of two potato varieties. Acta Agric. Scand., 37, 3–19.

    Oxelfelt P. , 'Ultrastructural studies on potato phloem cells infected with potato leaf roll virus - comparison of two potato varieties ' (1987 ) 37 Acta Agric. Scand. : 3 -19.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Hall, J. S., Adams, B., Parsons, T. J., French, R., Lane, L. C., Jensen, S. G. (1998): Molecular cloning, sequencing, and phylogenetic relationships of a new potyvirus: sugarcane streak mosaic virus, and a reevaluation of the classification of the Potyviridae. Mol. Phylogenetics Evol., 10, 323–332.

    Jensen S. G. , 'Molecular cloning, sequencing, and phylogenetic relationships of a new potyvirus: sugarcane streak mosaic virus, and a reevaluation of the classification of the Potyviridae ' (1998 ) 10 Mol. Phylogenetics Evol. : 323 -332.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Hamalainen, J. H., Sorri, V. A., Watanabe, K. N., Gebhardt, C., Valkonen, J. P. T. (1998): Molecular examination of a chromosome region that controls resistance to potato Y and A potyviruses in potato. Theor. Appl. Genet., 96, 1036–1043.

    Valkonen J. P. T. , 'Molecular examination of a chromosome region that controls resistance to potato Y and A potyviruses in potato ' (1998 ) 96 Theor. Appl. Genet. : 1036 -1043.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Hamalainen, J. H., Watanabe, K. N., Valkonen, J. P. T., Arihara, A., Plaisted, R. L., Pehu, E., Miller, L., Slack, S. A. (1997): Mapping and marker-assisted selection for a gene for extreme resistance to potato virus Y. Theor. Appl. Genet., 94, 192–197.

    Slack S. A. , 'Mapping and marker-assisted selection for a gene for extreme resistance to potato virus Y ' (1997 ) 94 Theor. Appl. Genet. : 192 -197.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Hijmans, R. J., Spooner, D. M. (2001): Geographic distribution of wild potato species. Am. J. Bot., 88, 2101–2112.

    Spooner D. M. , 'Geographic distribution of wild potato species ' (2001 ) 88 Am. J. Bot. : 2101 -2112.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Hinrichs, J., Berger, S., Shaw, J. G. (1998): A hypersensitive response-like mechanism is involved in resistance of potato plants bearing the Ry (sto) gene to the potyviruses potato virus Y and tobacco etch virus. J. General Virol., 79, 167–176.

    Shaw J. G. , 'A hypersensitive response-like mechanism is involved in resistance of potato plants bearing the Ry (sto) gene to the potyviruses potato virus Y and tobacco etch virus ' (1998 ) 79 J. General Virol. : 167 -176.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Hooker, W. J. (1981): Compendium of Potato Diseases. Amer. Phytopathological Society, St. Paul, MN, USA.

    Hooker W. J. , '', in Compendium of Potato Diseases , (1981 ) -.

  • Horvath, J. (1966): Studies on strains of potato virus Y. 1. Strain C. Acta Phytopath. Hung., 1, 125–138.

    Horvath J. , 'Studies on strains of potato virus Y. 1. Strain C ' (1966 ) 1 Acta Phytopath. Hung. : 125 -138.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Horvath, J. (1967): Separation and determination of viruses pathogenic to potatoes with special regard to potato virus Y. Acta Phytopath. Hung., 2, 319–360.

    Horvath J. , 'Separation and determination of viruses pathogenic to potatoes with special regard to potato virus Y ' (1967 ) 2 Acta Phytopath. Hung. : 319 -360.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Hosaka, K., Hosaka, Y., Mori, M., Maida, T., Matsunaga, H. (2001): Detection of a simplex RAPD marker linked to resistance to potato virus Y in a tetraploid potato. Am. J. Potato Res., 78, 191–196.

    Matsunaga H. , 'Detection of a simplex RAPD marker linked to resistance to potato virus Y in a tetraploid potato ' (2001 ) 78 Am. J. Potato Res. : 191 -196.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Huang, Y. L., Han, Y. T., Chang, Y. T., Hsu, Y. H., Meng, M. (2004): Critical residues for GTP methylation and formation of the covalent m7GMP-enzyme intermediate in the capping enzyme domain of bamboo mosaic virus. J. Virol., 78, 1271–1280.

    Meng M. , 'Critical residues for GTP methylation and formation of the covalent m7GMP-enzyme intermediate in the capping enzyme domain of bamboo mosaic virus ' (2004 ) 78 J. Virol. : 1271 -1280.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Huisman, M. J., Linthorst, H., Bol, J. F., Cornelissen, J. (1988): The complete nucleotide sequence of potato virus X and its homologies at the amino acid level with various plus-stranded RNA viruses. J. General Virol., 69, 1789–1298.

    Cornelissen J. , 'The complete nucleotide sequence of potato virus X and its homologies at the amino acid level with various plus-stranded RNA viruses ' (1988 ) 69 J. General Virol. : 1789 -1298.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Hutton, E., Brock, R. (1953): Reactions and field resistance of some potato varieties and hybrids to the leaf-roll virus. Aust. J. Agric. Res., 4, 256–263.

    Brock R. , 'Reactions and field resistance of some potato varieties and hybrids to the leaf-roll virus ' (1953 ) 4 Aust. J. Agric. Res. : 256 -263.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Jeffries, C. (1998): Technical Guidelines for the Safe Movement of Germplasm. №19 Potato. FAO/IPGRI, Rome.

    Jeffries C. , '', in Technical Guidelines for the Safe Movement of Germplasm , (1998 ) -.

  • Jones, R. (1990a): Strain group specific and virus-specific hypersensitive reactions to infection with potyviruses in potato cultivars. Annals Appl. Biol., 117, 93–105.

    Jones R. , 'Strain group specific and virus-specific hypersensitive reactions to infection with potyviruses in potato cultivars ' (1990 ) 117 Annals Appl. Biol. : 93 -105.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Jones, R. A. C. (1985): Further studies on resistance-breaking strains of potato virus-X. Plant Pathol., 34, 182–189.

    Jones R. A. C. , 'Further studies on resistance-breaking strains of potato virus-X ' (1985 ) 34 Plant Pathol. : 182 -189.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Jones, R. A. C. (1990b): Strain group-specific and virus specific hypersensitive reactions to infection with potyviruses in potato cultivars. Annals Appl. Biol., 117, 93–105.

    Jones R. A. C. , 'Strain group-specific and virus specific hypersensitive reactions to infection with potyviruses in potato cultivars ' (1990 ) 117 Annals Appl. Biol. : 93 -105.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Kalazich, J., Plaisted, R. (1991): Association between trichome characters and agronomic traits in Solanum tuberosum (L.) X S. berthaultii (Hawkes) hybrids. Am. J. Potato Res., 68, 833–847.

    Plaisted R. , 'Association between trichome characters and agronomic traits in Solanum tuberosum (L.) X S. berthaultii (Hawkes) hybrids ' (1991 ) 68 Am. J. Potato Res. : 833 -847.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Kang, M. S., Priyadarshan, P. M. (2007): Breeding Major Food Staples. 1st edn. Blackwell Publishing, Oxford, UK.

    Priyadarshan P. M. , '', in Breeding Major Food Staples , (2007 ) -.

  • Kavanagh, T., Goulden, M., Cruz, S. S., Chapman, S., Barker, I., Baulcombe, D. (1992): Molecular analysis of a resistance-breaking strain of potato virus-X. Virology, 189, 609–617.

    Baulcombe D. , 'Molecular analysis of a resistance-breaking strain of potato virus-X ' (1992 ) 189 Virology : 609 -617.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Keller, E., Münster, J. (1961): Betrachtungen über den Y-Virusbefall der nach der Schweiz gelieferten Saatkartoffeln aus europäischen Ländern und die ergriffenen Gegenmassnahmen. Potato Res., 4, 341–353.

    Münster J. , 'Betrachtungen über den Y-Virusbefall der nach der Schweiz gelieferten Saatkartoffeln aus europäischen Ländern und die ergriffenen Gegenmassnahmen ' (1961 ) 4 Potato Res. : 341 -353.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Kerlan, C., Tribodet, M., Glais, L., Guillet, M. (1999): Variability of potato virus Y in potato crops in France. J. Phytopathol., 147, 643–651.

    Guillet M. , 'Variability of potato virus Y in potato crops in France ' (1999 ) 147 J. Phytopathol. : 643 -651.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Khurana, S. M. P. (2004): Potato viruses and their management. Diseases of Fruits and Vegetables: Volume II: Diagnosis and Management, 1, 389.

    Khurana S. M. P. , 'Potato viruses and their management ' (2004 ) 1 Diseases of Fruits and Vegetables: Volume II: Diagnosis and Management : 389 -.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Kojima, R., Lapierre, H. (1988): Potato leafroll virus. European Handbook of Plant Diseases. Blackwell Scientific Publishers, Oxford, UK, pp. 23–24.

    Lapierre H. , '', in European Handbook of Plant Diseases , (1988 ) -.

  • Loebenstein, G., Carr, J. P. (2006): Natural Resistance Mechanisms of Plants to Viruses. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht.

    Carr J. P. , '', in Natural Resistance Mechanisms of Plants to Viruses , (2006 ) -.

  • Lorenzen, J. H., Piche, L. M., Gudmestad, N. C., Meacham, T., Shiel, P. (2006): A multiplex PCR assay to characterize Potato virus Y isolates and identify strain mixtures. Plant Disease, 90, 935–940.

    Shiel P. , 'A multiplex PCR assay to characterize Potato virus Y isolates and identify strain mixtures ' (2006 ) 90 Plant Disease : 935 -940.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Mackenzie, D. J., Tremaine, J., Stace-Smith, R. (1989): Organization and interviral homologies of the 3′-terminal portion of potato virus S RNA. J. General Virol., 770, 1053–1063.

    Stace-Smith R. , 'Organization and interviral homologies of the 3′-terminal portion of potato virus S RNA ' (1989 ) 70 J. General Virol. : 1053 -1063.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Marczewski, W., Ostrowska, K., Zimnoch-Guzowska, E. (1998): Identification of RAPD markers linked to the Ns locus in potato. Plant Breed., 117, 88–90.

    Zimnoch-Guzowska E. , 'Identification of RAPD markers linked to the Ns locus in potato ' (1998 ) 117 Plant Breed. : 88 -90.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Marczewski, W., Strzelczyk-Żyta, D., Hennig, J., Witek, K., Gebhardt, C. (2006): Potato chromosomes IX and XI carry genes for resistance to potato virus M. Theor. Appl. Genet., 112, 1232–1238.

    Gebhardt C. , 'Potato chromosomes IX and XI carry genes for resistance to potato virus M ' (2006 ) 112 Theor. Appl. Genet. : 1232 -1238.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Matousek, J., Schubert, J., Dèdic, P., Ptácek, J. (2000): A broad variability of potato virus S (PVS) revealed by analysis of virus sequences amplified by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction. Can. J. Plant Pathol., 22, 29–37.

    Ptácek J. , 'A broad variability of potato virus S (PVS) revealed by analysis of virus sequences amplified by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction ' (2000 ) 22 Can. J. Plant Pathol. : 29 -37.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Matthews, R. (1949): Studies on potato virus X II. Criteria of relationships between strains. Annals Appl. Biol., 36, 460–474.

    Matthews R. , 'Studies on potato virus X II. Criteria of relationships between strains ' (1949 ) 36 Annals Appl. Biol. : 460 -474.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Mayo, M., Ziegler-Graff, V. (1996): Molecular biology of luteoviruses. Adv. Virus Res., 46, 413–460.

    Ziegler-Graff V. , 'Molecular biology of luteoviruses ' (1996 ) 46 Adv. Virus Res. : 413 -460.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Mihovilovich, E., Alarcón, L., Pérez, A., Alvarado, J., Arellano, C., Bonierbale, M. (2007): High levels of heritable resistance to Potato leafroll virus (PLRV) in Solanum tuberosum subsp. andigena. Crop Sci., 47, 1091–1103.

    Bonierbale M. , 'High levels of heritable resistance to Potato leafroll virus (PLRV) in Solanum tuberosum subsp ' (2007 ) 47 andigena. Crop Sci. : 1091 -1103.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Monis, J., Daniels, S., De Zoeten, G., Slack, S. (1987): Characterization of potato virus S (PVS) genomic RNA. Phytopathology 77, 1742.

    Slack S. , 'Characterization of potato virus S (PVS) genomic RNA ' (1987 ) 77 Phytopathology : 1742 -.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Moreira, A., Jones, R. A. C., Fribourg, C. E. (1980): Properties of a resistance-breaking strain of potato virus-X. Annals Appl. Biol., 95, 93–103.

    Fribourg C. E. , 'Properties of a resistance-breaking strain of potato virus-X ' (1980 ) 95 Annals Appl. Biol. : 93 -103.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Nie, X., Singh, R. P. (2002): Probable geographical grouping of PVYN and PVYNTN based on sequence variation in P1 and 5’-UTR of PVY genome and methods for differentiating North American PVYNTN. J. Virol. Methods, 103, 145–156.

    Singh R. P. , 'Probable geographical grouping of PVYN and PVYNTN based on sequence variation in P1 and 5’-UTR of PVY genome and methods for differentiating North American PVYNTN ' (2002 ) 103 J. Virol. Methods : 145 -156.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Nie, X., Singh, R. P. (2003): Evolution of North American PVYNTN strain Tu 660 from local PVYN by mutation rather than recombination. Virus Genes, 26, 39–47.

    Singh R. P. , 'Evolution of North American PVYNTN strain Tu 660 from local PVYN by mutation rather than recombination ' (2003 ) 26 Virus Genes : 39 -47.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Piche, L. M., Singh, R. P., Nie, X., Gudmestad, N. C. (2004): Diversity among Potato virus Y isolates obtained from potatoes grown in the United States. Phytopathology, 94, 1368–1375.

    Gudmestad N. C. , 'Diversity among Potato virus Y isolates obtained from potatoes grown in the United States ' (2004 ) 94 Phytopathology : 1368 -1375.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Querci, M., Baulcombe, D. C., Goldbach, R. W., Salazar, L. F. (1995): Analysis of the resistancebreaking determinants of potato-virus-X (Pvx) strain Hb on different potato genotypes expressing extreme resistance to Pvx. Phytopathology, 85, 1003–1010.

    Salazar L. F. , 'Analysis of the resistancebreaking determinants of potato-virus-X (Pvx) strain Hb on different potato genotypes expressing extreme resistance to Pvx ' (1995 ) 85 Phytopathology : 1003 -1010.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Ritter, E., Debener, T., Barone, A., Salamini, F., Gebhardt, C. (1991): RFLP mapping on potato chromosomes of 2 genes controlling extreme resistance to potato virus-X (Pvx). Mol. Gen. Genet., 227, 81–85.

    Gebhardt C. , 'RFLP mapping on potato chromosomes of 2 genes controlling extreme resistance to potato virus-X (Pvx) ' (1991 ) 227 Mol. Gen. Genet. : 81 -85.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Rizvi, S., Raman, K. (1983): Effect of glandular trichomes on the spread of potato virus Y (PVY) and potato leafroll virus (PLRV) in the field. In: Research for the Potato in the year 2000. Centro Internacional de la Papa, Lima, Peru. pp. 162–163.

    Raman K. , '', in Research for the Potato in the year 2000 , (1983 ) -.

  • Rose, D. (1983): Some properties of an unusual isolate of potato virus S. Potato Res., 26, 49–62.

    Rose D. , 'Some properties of an unusual isolate of potato virus S ' (1983 ) 26 Potato Res. : 49 -62.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Ross, H. (1958): Inheritance of extreme resistance to virus Y in Solanum stoloniferum and its hybrids with Solanum tuberosum. In: Proc. 3rd Conf. Pot. Virus Dis., Lisse-Wageninen. pp. 204–211.

  • Ross, H. (1966): The use of wild Solanum species in German potato breeding of the past and today. Am. J. Potato Res., 43, 63–80.

    Ross H. , 'The use of wild Solanum species in German potato breeding of the past and today ' (1966 ) 43 Am. J. Potato Res. : 63 -80.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Ross, H. (1986): Potato breeding — problems and perspectives. Fortschritte der Pflanzenzüchtung, 13, Verlag Paul Parey, Berlin.

    Ross H. , '', in Fortschritte der Pflanzenzüchtung , (1986 ) -.

  • Salaman, R. N. (1930): Virus disease of the potato: streak. Nature, 126, 241.

    Salaman R. N. , 'Virus disease of the potato: streak ' (1930 ) 126 Nature : 241 -.

  • Salazar, L. (2003): Potato viruses after the XX century. Effects, dissemination and their control. Material Participants in Pyongyang Intern. Scientific Simp. on Potato. Pyongyang, DPRK. pp. 35–42.

  • Singh, R. P., Valkonen, J. P., Gray, S. M., Boonham, N., Jones, R. A., Kerlan, C., Schubert, J. (2008): Discussion paper: The naming of Potato virus Y strains infecting potato. Arch. Virol., 153, 1–13.

    Schubert J. , 'Discussion paper: The naming of Potato virus Y strains infecting potato ' (2008 ) 153 Arch. Virol. : 1 -13.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Slack, S. (1983): Identification of an isolate of the Andean strain of potato virus S in North America. Plant Disease, 67, 786–789.

    Slack S. , 'Identification of an isolate of the Andean strain of potato virus S in North America ' (1983 ) 67 Plant Disease : 786 -789.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Stevenson, W. R., Loria, R., Franc, G. D., Weingartner, D. P. (2001): Compendium of Potato Diseases. 2nd edn. American Phytopathological Society, St. Paul, MN, USA.

    Weingartner D. P. , '', in Compendium of Potato Diseases , (2001 ) -.

  • Swiezyński, K., Dziewońska, M., Ostrowska, K. (1988): Reaction to the potato leafroll virus (PLRV) in diploid potatoes. Potato Res., 31, 289–296.

    Ostrowska K. , 'Reaction to the potato leafroll virus (PLRV) in diploid potatoes ' (1988 ) 31 Potato Res. : 289 -296.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Tamada, T., Harrison, B. (1981): Quantitative studies on the uptake and retention of potato leafroll virus by aphids in laboratory and field conditions. Annals Appl. Biol., 98, 261–276.

    Harrison B. , 'Quantitative studies on the uptake and retention of potato leafroll virus by aphids in laboratory and field conditions ' (1981 ) 98 Annals Appl. Biol. : 261 -276.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Thole, V., Dalmay, T., Burgyán, J., Balazs, E. (1993): Cloning and sequencing of potato virus Y (Hungarian isolate) genomic RNA. Gene, 123, 149–156.

    Balazs E. , 'Cloning and sequencing of potato virus Y (Hungarian isolate) genomic RNA ' (1993 ) 123 Gene : 149 -156.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Tingey, W. M., Laubengayer, J. E. (1981): Defense against the green peach aphid and potato leafhopper by glandular trichomes of Solanum berthaultii. J. Econ. Entomol., 74, 721–725.

    Laubengayer J. E. , 'Defense against the green peach aphid and potato leafhopper by glandular trichomes of Solanum berthaultii ' (1981 ) 74 J. Econ. Entomol. : 721 -725.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Valkonen, J. (1994): Natural genes and mechanisms for resistance to viruses in cultivated and wild potato species (Solanum spp.). Plant Breed., 112, 1–16.

    Valkonen J. , 'Natural genes and mechanisms for resistance to viruses in cultivated and wild potato species (Solanum spp.) ' (1994 ) 112 Plant Breed. : 1 -16.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Valkonen, J., Pehu, E., Jones, M., Gibson, R. (1991): Resistance in Solanum brevidens to both potato virus Y and potato virus X may be associated with slow cell-to-cell spread. J. General Virol., 72, 231.

    Gibson R. , 'Resistance in Solanum brevidens to both potato virus Y and potato virus X may be associated with slow cell-to-cell spread ' (1991 ) 72 J. General Virol. : 231 -.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Valkonen, J. P. T., Hamalainen, J. H., Kekarainen, T., Gebhardt, C., Watanabe, K. N. (2000): Recessive and dominant genes interfere with the vascular transport of Potato virus A in diploid potatoes. Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions, 13, 402–412.

    Watanabe K. N. , 'Recessive and dominant genes interfere with the vascular transport of Potato virus A in diploid potatoes ' (2000 ) 13 Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions : 402 -412.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Valkonen, J. P. T., Puurand, U., Slack, S. A., Mäkinen, K., Saarma, M. (1995): Three strain groups of potato A potyvirus based on hypersensitive responses in potato, serological properties, and coat protein sequences. Plant Disease, 79, 748–753.

    Saarma M. , 'Three strain groups of potato A potyvirus based on hypersensitive responses in potato, serological properties, and coat protein sequences ' (1995 ) 79 Plant Disease : 748 -753.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Valkonen, J. P. T., Slack, S. A., Plaisted, R. L., Watanabe, K. N. (1994): Extreme resistance is epistatic to hypersensitive resistance to potato-virus Y-O in a Solanum tuberosum subsp andigena-derived potato genotype. Plant Disease, 78, 1177–1180.

    Watanabe K. N. , 'Extreme resistance is epistatic to hypersensitive resistance to potato-virus Y-O in a Solanum tuberosum subsp andigena-derived potato genotype ' (1994 ) 78 Plant Disease : 1177 -1180.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • van den Heuvel, J. F. J. M., Dirven, J. A. A. M., Van Os, G., Peters, D. (1993): Acquisition of potato leafroll virus by Myzus persicae from secondarily-infected potato plants of different genotypes. Potato Res., 36, 89–96.

    Peters D. , 'Acquisition of potato leafroll virus by Myzus persicae from secondarily-infected potato plants of different genotypes ' (1993 ) 36 Potato Res. : 89 -96.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Wardrop, E. A., Gray, A. B., Singh, R., Peterson, J. (1989): Aphid transmission of potato virus S. Am. J. Potato Res., 66, 449–459.

    Peterson J. , 'Aphid transmission of potato virus S ' (1989 ) 66 Am. J. Potato Res. : 449 -459.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Whitham, S., Dinesh-Kumar, S., Choi, D., Hehl, R., Corr, C., Baker, B. (1994): The product of the tobacco mosaic virus resistance gene N: Similarity to Toll and the interleukin-1 receptor. Cell, 78, 1101–1115.

    Baker B. , 'The product of the tobacco mosaic virus resistance gene N: Similarity to Toll and the interleukin-1 receptor ' (1994 ) 78 Cell : 1101 -1115.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Wilson, C., Jones, R. (1992): Resistance to phloem transport of potato leafroll virus in potato plants. J. General Virol., 73, 3219–3224.

    Jones R. , 'Resistance to phloem transport of potato leafroll virus in potato plants ' (1992 ) 73 J. General Virol. : 3219 -3224.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Wilson, C., Jones, R. (1993): Evaluation of resistance to potato leafroll virus [luteovirus] in selected potato cultivars under field conditions. Australian J. Exp. Agric., 33, 83–90.

    Jones R. , 'Evaluation of resistance to potato leafroll virus [luteovirus] in selected potato cultivars under field conditions ' (1993 ) 33 Australian J. Exp. Agric. : 83 -90.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Wolf, I., Horvath, S. (2000): The occurrence of potato Y (PVY) potyvirus strains in potato fields in Hungary. Növényvédelem, 36, 449–455.

    Horvath S. , 'The occurrence of potato Y (PVY) potyvirus strains in potato fields in Hungary ' (2000 ) 36 Növényvédelem : 449 -455.

    • Search Google Scholar

Monthly Content Usage

Abstract Views Full Text Views PDF Downloads
Jul 2020 1 1 1
Aug 2020 1 0 0
Sep 2020 8 0 0
Oct 2020 11 1 1
Nov 2020 9 4 2
Dec 2020 5 0 0
Jan 2021 3 0 0