View More View Less
  • 1 Dryland Agricultural Research Institute (DARI) Kermanshah Iran
Restricted access

The main objective of this study was to evaluate the genetic gain for grain yield, yield attributes and drought tolerance of 11 durum breeding lines and also to compare it with one modern cultivar and two durum and bread wheat landraces in contrasting environment groups in a period of four cropping seasons (2005–09) within the Iran/ICARDA joint project for moderately cold rainfed areas of Iran. The significant genotype × year interaction indicated that the average yield performance of genotypes across environments was not consistent over the years. Genetic gain (%) for grain yield was distinguishable between the stressed and non-stressed environments. A positive genetic gain (27.7 to 23.9%) was observed in the non-stressed environment and a negative genetic gain (−11.5 to −24.1%) in the stressed environment for the breeding lines, compared to the landraces, suggesting that the evaluation of breeding materials under non-stressed conditions should be continued. Unlike the modern cultivar, the landraces were low yielding, and less responsive to non-stressed environments for grain yield and yield attributes. The drought resistance indices, i.e. tolerance index (TOL) and stress susceptibility index (SSI), were better in landraces than breeding lines, while the drought tolerance indices, i.e. stress tolerance index (STI) and drought response index (DRI), were better in breeding lines. In contrast with landraces, the modern cultivar and the breeding lines showed significant changes for both grain yield and drought tolerance.

  • Ashraf, M. (2010): Inducing drought tolerance in plants: Recent advances. Biotechn. Adv., 28, 169–183.

    Ashraf M. , 'Inducing drought tolerance in plants: Recent advances ' (2010 ) 28 Biotechn. Adv. : 169 -183.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Baker, R. J. (1988): Tests for crossover genotype-environmental interactions. Can. J. Plant Sci., 68, 405–410.

    Baker R. J. , 'Tests for crossover genotype-environmental interactions ' (1988 ) 68 Can. J. Plant Sci. : 405 -410.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Bansal, K. C., Sinha, S. K. (1991): Assessment of drought resistance in 20 accessions of Triticum aestivum and related species. Part I: Total dry matter and grain yield stability. Euphytica, 56, 7–14.

    Sinha S. K. , 'Assessment of drought resistance in 20 accessions of Triticum aestivum and related species. Part I: Total dry matter and grain yield stability ' (1991 ) 56 Euphytica : 7 -14.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Bhargava, A., Shukla, S., Ohri, D. (2007): Evaluation of foliage yield and leaf quality traits in Chenopodium spp. in multiyear trials. Euphytica, 153, 199–213.

    Ohri D. , 'Evaluation of foliage yield and leaf quality traits in Chenopodium spp. in multiyear trials ' (2007 ) 153 Euphytica : 199 -213.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Bidinger, F. R., Mahalakshmi, V., Rao, G. D. P. (1987): Assessment of drought resistance in pearl millet [Pennisetum americanum (L.) Leeke]. II. Estimation of genotype response to stress. Aust. J. Agric. Res., 38, 49–59.

    Rao G. D. P. , 'Assessment of drought resistance in pearl millet [Pennisetum americanum (L.) Leeke]. II. Estimation of genotype response to stress ' (1987 ) 38 Aust. J. Agric. Res. : 49 -59.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Blum, A. (2011): Drought resistance — is it really a complex trait? Funct. Plant Biol., 38, 753–757.

    Blum A. , 'Drought resistance — is it really a complex trait? Funct ' (2011 ) 38 Plant Biol. : 753 -757.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Bouslama, M., Schapaugh, W. T. (1984): Stress tolerance in soybean. Part 1: Evaluation of three screening techniques for heat and drought tolerance. Crop Sci., 24, 933–937.

    Schapaugh W. T. , 'Stress tolerance in soybean. Part 1: Evaluation of three screening techniques for heat and drought tolerance ' (1984 ) 24 Crop Sci. : 933 -937.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Bruce, W. B., Edmeades, G. O., Barker, T. C. (2002): Molecular and physiological approaches to maize improvement for drought tolerance. J. Exp. Bot., 53, 13–25.

    Barker T. C. , 'Molecular and physiological approaches to maize improvement for drought tolerance ' (2002 ) 53 J. Exp. Bot. : 13 -25.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Ceccarelli, S. (1989): Wide adaptation: how wide? Euphytica, 40, 197–205.

    Ceccarelli S. , 'Wide adaptation: how wide? ' (1989 ) 40 Euphytica : 197 -205.

  • Ceccarelli, S. (1996): Positive interpretation of genotype by environment interactions in relation to sustainability and biodiversity. In: Cooper, M., Hammer, G. L. (eds.), Plant Adaptation and Crop Improvement, CABI Publishing, Wallingford, UK. pp. 467–486.

  • Cox, T. S., Shroyer, J. P. Ben-Hui, L., Sears, R. G., Martin, T. J. (1988): Genetic improvement in agronomic traits of hard red winter wheat cultivars from 1919 to 1987. Crop Sci., 28, 756–760.

    Martin T. J. , 'Genetic improvement in agronomic traits of hard red winter wheat cultivars from 1919 to 1987 ' (1988 ) 28 Crop Sci. : 756 -760.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Donmez, E., Sears, R. G., Shroyer, J. P., Paulsen, G. M. (2001): Genetic gain in yield attributes of winter wheat in the Great Plains. Crop Sci., 41, 1412–1419.

    Paulsen G. M. , 'Genetic gain in yield attributes of winter wheat in the Great Plains ' (2001 ) 41 Crop Sci. : 1412 -1419.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Evans, L. T. (1998): Feeding The Ten Billion: Plants and Population Growth. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

    Evans L. T. , '', in Feeding The Ten Billion: Plants and Population Growth , (1998 ) -.

  • Fernandez, G. C. J. (1992): Effective selection criteria for assessing plant stress tolerance. Proceeding of the International Symposium on Adaptation of Vegetables and other Food Crops in Temperature and Water Stress, Aug. 13–16, Shanhua, Taiwan, pp. 257–270.

  • Feyerherm, A., Paulsen, G. M., Sebaugh, J. L. (1984): Contribution of genetic improvement to recent wheat yield increases in the U.S.A. Agron. J., 76, 985–990.

    Sebaugh J. L. , 'Contribution of genetic improvement to recent wheat yield increases in the U.S.A ' (1984 ) 76 Agron. J. : 985 -990.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Fischer, R. A., Maurer, R. (1978): Drought resistance in spring wheat cultivars 1. Grain yield responses. Aust. J. Agric. Res., 29, 897–912.

    Maurer R. , 'Drought resistance in spring wheat cultivars 1. Grain yield responses ' (1978 ) 29 Aust. J. Agric. Res. : 897 -912.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Fukai, S., Cooper, M. (1995): Development of drought resistant cultivars using physiomorphological traits in rice — a review. Field Crops Res., 40, 67–86.

    Cooper M. , 'Development of drought resistant cultivars using physiomorphological traits in rice — a review ' (1995 ) 40 Field Crops Res. : 67 -86.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Hao, Z. F., Li, X. H., Su, Z. J., Xie, C. X., Li, M. S., Liang, X. L., Weng, J. F., Zhang, D. G., Li, L., Zhang, S. H. (2011): A proposed selection criterion for drought resistance across multiple environments in maize. Breeding Sci., 61, 101–108.

    Zhang S. H. , 'A proposed selection criterion for drought resistance across multiple environments in maize ' (2011 ) 61 Breeding Sci. : 101 -108.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Khalil, I. H., Carver, B. F., Smith, E. L. (1995): Genetic gains in two selection phases of a wheat-breeding program. Plant Breed., 114, 117–120.

    Smith E. L. , 'Genetic gains in two selection phases of a wheat-breeding program ' (1995 ) 114 Plant Breed. : 117 -120.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Lillemo, M. M., van Ginkel, M., Trethowan, R. M., Hernandez, E., Crossa, J. (2005): Differential adaptation of CIMMYT bread wheat to global high temperature environments. Crop Sci., 45, 2443–2453.

    Crossa J. , 'Differential adaptation of CIMMYT bread wheat to global high temperature environments ' (2005 ) 45 Crop Sci. : 2443 -2453.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Loss, S. P., Siddique, K. H. M. (1994): Morphological and physiological traits associated with wheat yield increases in Mediterranean environments. Adv. Agron., 52, 229–276.

    Siddique K. H. M. , 'Morphological and physiological traits associated with wheat yield increases in Mediterranean environments ' (1994 ) 52 Adv. Agron. : 229 -276.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Ludlow, M. M., Muchow, R. C. (1990): A critical evaluation of traits for improving crop yields in water-limited environments. Adv. Agron., 43, 107–153.

    Muchow R. C. , 'A critical evaluation of traits for improving crop yields in water-limited environments ' (1990 ) 43 Adv. Agron. : 107 -153.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Michigan State University (1991): MSTATC, A Software Program for Design, Management and Analysis of Agronomic Research Experiments. Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI.

    '', in MSTATC, A Software Program for Design, Management and Analysis of Agronomic Research Experiments , (1991 ) -.

  • Mohammadi, R., Abdulahi, A., Haghparast, R., Armion, M. (2007): Interpreting of genotype × environment interactions for durum wheat grain yields using non-parametric methods. Euphytica, 157, 239–251.

    Armion M. , 'Interpreting of genotype × environment interactions for durum wheat grain yields using non-parametric methods ' (2007 ) 157 Euphytica : 239 -251.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Mohammadi, R., Armion, M., Kahrizi, D., Amri, A. (2010): Efficiency of screening techniques for evaluating durum wheat genotypes under mild drought conditions. Int. J. Plant Prod., 4, 27–39.

    Amri A. , 'Efficiency of screening techniques for evaluating durum wheat genotypes under mild drought conditions ' (2010 ) 4 Int. J. Plant Prod. : 27 -39.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Mohammadi, R., Sadeghzadeh, D., Armion M., Amri, A. (2011): Evaluation of durum wheat experimental lines under different climate and water regime conditions of Iran. Crop Pasture Sci., 62, 137–151.

    Amri A. , 'Evaluation of durum wheat experimental lines under different climate and water regime conditions of Iran ' (2011 ) 62 Crop Pasture Sci. : 137 -151.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Munoz, P., Voltas, J., Igartua, E., Romagosa, I. (1998): Changes in adaptation of barley releases over time in north eastern Spain. Plant Breed., 117, 531–535.

    Romagosa I. , 'Changes in adaptation of barley releases over time in north eastern Spain ' (1998 ) 117 Plant Breed. : 531 -535.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Pantuwan, G., Fukai, S., Cooper, M., Rajatasereekul, S., O’Toole, J. C. (2002): Yield response of rice (Oryza sativa L.) genotypes to different types of drought under rainfed lowlands. 3. Plant factors contributing to drought resistance. Field Crops Res., 73, 181–200.

    O’Toole J. C. , 'Yield response of rice (Oryza sativa L.) genotypes to different types of drought under rainfed lowlands. 3. Plant factors contributing to drought resistance ' (2002 ) 73 Field Crops Res. : 181 -200.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Pswarayi, P., Van Eeuwijk, F. A., Ceccarelli, S., Grando, S., Comadran, J., Russell, J. R., Francia, E., Pecchioni, N., Li Destri, O., Akar, T., Al-Yassin, A., Benbelkacem, A., Choumane, W., Karrou, M., Ouabbou, H., Bort, J., Araus, J. L., Molina-Cano, J. L., Thomas, W. T. B., Romagosa, I. (2008): Barley adaptation and improvement in the Mediterranean basin. Plant Breed., 127, 554–560.

    Romagosa I. , 'Barley adaptation and improvement in the Mediterranean basin ' (2008 ) 127 Plant Breed. : 554 -560.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Quarrie, S. A., Stojanovic, J., Pekic, S. (1999): Improving drought resistance in small grained cereals: a case study, progress and prospects. Plant Growth Regul., 29, 1–21.

    Pekic S. , 'Improving drought resistance in small grained cereals: a case study, progress and prospects ' (1999 ) 29 Plant Growth Regul. : 1 -21.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Reynolds, M., Dreccer, F., Trethowan, R. (2007): Drought-adaptive traits derived from wheat wild relatives and landraces. J. Exp. Bot., 58, 177–186.

    Trethowan R. , 'Drought-adaptive traits derived from wheat wild relatives and landraces ' (2007 ) 58 J. Exp. Bot. : 177 -186.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Ribaut, J. M., Betran, J., Monneveux, P., Setter, T. (2009): Drought tolerance in maize. In: Bennetzen, J. L., Hake, S. C. (eds.), Handbook of Maize: Its Biology. Springer, New York, pp. 311–314.

    Setter T. , '', in Handbook of Maize: Its Biology , (2009 ) -.

  • Richards, R. A., Rebetzke, G. J., Condon, A. G., van Herwaarden, A. F. (2002): Breeding opportunities for increasing the efficiency of water use and crop yield in temperate cereals. Crop Sci., 42, 111–121.

    Herwaarden A. F. , 'Breeding opportunities for increasing the efficiency of water use and crop yield in temperate cereals ' (2002 ) 42 Crop Sci. : 111 -121.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Rosielle, A. A., Hamblin, J. (1981): Theoretical aspects of selection for yield in stress and nonstress environments. Crop Sci., 21, 943–946.

    Hamblin J. , 'Theoretical aspects of selection for yield in stress and nonstress environments ' (1981 ) 21 Crop Sci. : 943 -946.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Schmidt, J. W. (1984): Genetic contributions to yield gains in wheat. pp. 89–101. In: Fehr, W. R. (ed.), Genetic Contributions to Yield Gains of Five Major Crop Plants. ASA-CSSA, Madison, WI.

  • Schmidt, J. W., Worrall, W. D. (1984): Trends in yield improvement through genetic gains. In: Sakamoto, S. (ed.), Proceedings of 6th International Wheat Genetics Symposium, pp. 691–700. Plant Germ-plasm Institute, Kyoto, Japan.

    Worrall W. D. , '', in Proceedings of 6th International Wheat Genetics Symposium , (1984 ) -.

  • Sio-Se Mardeh, A., Ahmadi, A., Poustini, K., Mohammadi, V. (2006): Evaluation of drought resistance indices under various environmental conditions. Field Crops Res., 98, 222–229.

    Mohammadi V. , 'Evaluation of drought resistance indices under various environmental conditions ' (2006 ) 98 Field Crops Res. : 222 -229.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Slafer, G. A., Satorre, E. H., Andrade, F. H. (1994): Increases in grain yield in bread wheat from breeding and associated physiological changes. pp. 1–68. In: Slafer, G. A. (ed.), Genetic Improvement of Field Crops. Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York.

    Andrade F. H. , '', in Genetic Improvement of Field Crops , (1994 ) -.

  • Trethowan, R. M., Crossa, J., van Ginkel, M., Rajaram, S. (2001): Relationships among bread wheat international yield testing locations in dry areas. Crop Sci., 41, 1461–1469.

    Rajaram S. , 'Relationships among bread wheat international yield testing locations in dry areas ' (2001 ) 41 Crop Sci. : 1461 -1469.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Villegas, D., Garcia del Moral, L. F., Rharrabti, Y., Martos, V., Royo, C. (2007): Morphological traits above the flag leaf node as indicators of drought susceptibility index in durum wheat. J. Agron. Crop Sci., 193, 103–116.

    Royo C. , 'Morphological traits above the flag leaf node as indicators of drought susceptibility index in durum wheat ' (2007 ) 193 J. Agron. Crop Sci. : 103 -116.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Voltas, J., van Eeuwijk, F., Igartua, E., Garcia del Moral, L., Molina-Cano, J. L., Romagosa, I. (2002): Genotype by environment interaction and adaptation in barley breeding: basic concepts and methods of analysis. In: Slafer, A., Molina-Cano, J. L., Savin, R., Araus, J. L., Romagosa, I. (eds.), Barley Science: Recent Advances from Molecular Biology to Agronomy of Yield and Quality. The Haworth Press, Inc., Binghamton, New York, USA. pp. 205–241.

    Romagosa I. , '', in Barley Science: Recent Advances from Molecular Biology to Agronomy of Yield and Quality , (2002 ) -.

  • Wright, G. C., Rachaputi, N. C. (2004): Drought and drought resistance. In: Goodman, R. M. (ed.), Encyclopedia of Plant and Crop Science. Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York. pp. 386–390.

    Rachaputi N. C. , '', in Encyclopedia of Plant and Crop Science , (2004 ) -.

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 28 28 1
Full Text Views 12 3 0
PDF Downloads 7 2 0