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  • 1 University of Cairo Department of Botany, Faculty of Science Giza Egypt
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The induction of resistance to charcoal rot disease caused by Macrophomina phaseolina (Tassi) Goidanich in sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) was studied after seed treatments with coumarin (COU) and salicylic acid (SA) at three different levels (0.3, 1.0 and 3.0 mM). The priming of sunflower seeds with 0.3 mM COU or 1.0 mM SA resulted in decreased disease severity and offered about 50% protection and more than 80% reduction in the length of stem lesions under greenhouse conditions. Both COU and SA treatments induced the accumulation of soluble sugars and phytoalexins, as well as stimulating the activity of β-1,3-glucanase and chitinase.

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