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In mammals, pineal gland is intimately concerned with the co-ordination of rhythm physiology. Biochemical characteristics of pineal gland in man and other mammals may provide strong, yet some- times elusive support for the belief in functional individuality and probable importance of this tiny gland. In seasonal breeding animals, pineal gland function is very much dependent on the reproductive status. Therefore, the aim of this experiment is to note the circadian rhythmicity of different biochemical con- stituents of pineal gland during active and inactive phases of reproductive cycle of a seasonally breeding rodent, F. pennanti. In the present study, pineal biochemical constituents i.e. protein and cholesterol showed higher values during daytime (1400 h). The plasma melatonin level presented two peaks during active (April; at 1800 h and 0200 h) and inactive (December; at 1400 h and 0200 h) phases of reproduc- tive cycle. The pineal protein, cholesterol and plasma melatonin values in term of basal and peak levels were higher during the reproductive inactive/pineal active phase. Therefore, pineal & also known to have antigonadotropic properties and cholesterol which appears conjugated with pineal serotonin, presented circadian rhythmicity along with the plasma level of melatonin. This rhythmicity noted in present study was dependent on the reproductive and pineal activity status, and might be regulated by the sex steroid receptor present on the pineal gland. Keywords: Pineal gland & protein & cholesterol & melatonin & reproductive phase & day length & rhyth- micity & sex steroid receptor

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Editorial Board

    1. Csányi, Vilmos (Göd)
    1. Dudits, Dénes (Szeged)
    1. Falus, András (Budapest)
    1. Fischer, Ernő (Pécs)
    1. Gábriel, Róbert (Pécs)
    1. Gulya, Károly (Szeged)
    1. Gulyás, Balázs (Stockholm)
    1. Hajós, Ferenc (Budapest)
    1. Hámori, József (Budapest)
    1. Heszky, László (Gödöllő)
    1. Hideg, Éva (Szeged)
    1. E. Ito (Sanuki)
    1. Janda, Tibor (Martonvásár)
    1. Kavanaugh, Michael P. (Missoula)
    1. Kása, Péter (Szeged)
    1. Klein, Éva (Stockholm)
    1. Kovács, János (Budapest)
    1. Brigitte Mauch-Mani (Neuchâtel)
    1. Nässel, Dick R. (Stockholm)
    1. Nemcsók, János (Szeged)
    1. Péczely, Péter (Gödöllő)
    1. Roberts, D. F. (Newcastle-upon-Tyne)
    1. Sakharov, Dimitri A. (Moscow)
    1. Singh, Meharvan (Fort Worth)
    1. Sipiczky, Mátyás (Debrecen)
    1. Szeberényi, József (Pécs)
    1. Székely, György (Debrecen)
    1. Tari, Irma (Szeged)
    1. Vágvölgyi, Csaba (Szeged),
    1. L. Zaborszky (Newark)

 

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Acta Biologica Hungarica
Language English
Size  
Year of
Foundation
1950
Publication
Programme
changed title
Volumes
per Year
 
Issues
per Year
 
Founder Magyar Tudományos Akadémia
Founder's
Address
H-1051 Budapest, Hungary, Széchenyi István tér 9.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
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H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
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Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 0236-5383 (Print)
ISSN 1588-256X (Online)