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  • 1 M. Curie-Skłodowska University Department of General Microbiology Akademicka 19 st. 20-033 Lublin Poland
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The Rhizobium -legume interaction is sensitive to a number of environmental factors, among which phosphate (Pi) and ammonium availability are the most important. We investigated the effect of Pi and ammonia concentration on exopolysaccharide production and symbiosis Trifolium pratense with Rhizobium leguminosarum bv. trifolii TA1 (RtTA1). The optimal Pi concentration in the bacterial growth medium for RtTA1 growth and exopolysaccharide production was in the range from 0.9 mM to 8.1 mM. Independently of Pi concentration, ammonium (NH 4 Cl) concentration above 8.1 mM in the culture medium significantly decreased EPS production, indicating a regulatory role of this nutrient on the EPS production in the RtTA1 strain. Pi availability has a beneficial effect on both partners of symbiosis. Pi concentration in the plant medium in the range from 1.7 mM to 5 mM was optimal for nodule formation, nodule occupancy and nitrogen fixation ability. Despite of T. pratense cv. Bryza tolerance on high Pi concentration, 20 mM Pi occurs to be nearly phytotoxic, which negatively affects almost all symbiotic parameters. Large amounts of starch were accumulated in the nodules formed by clover grown on medium containing high Pi concentration.

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Editorial Board

      Csányi, Vilmos (Göd)
      Dudits, Dénes (Szeged)
      Falus, András (Budapest)
      Fischer, Ernő (Pécs)
      Gábriel, Róbert (Pécs)
      Gulya, Károly (Szeged)
      Gulyás, Balázs (Stockholm)
      Hajós, Ferenc (Budapest)
      Hámori, József (Budapest)
      Heszky, László (Gödöllő)
      Hideg, Éva (Szeged)
      E. Ito (Sanuki)
      Janda, Tibor (Martonvásár)
      Kavanaugh, Michael P. (Missoula)
      Kása, Péter (Szeged)
      Klein, Éva (Stockholm)
      Kovács, János (Budapest)
      Brigitte Mauch-Mani (Neuchâtel)
      Nässel, Dick R. (Stockholm)
      Nemcsók, János (Szeged)
      Péczely, Péter (Gödöllő)
      Roberts, D. F. (Newcastle-upon-Tyne)
      Sakharov, Dimitri A. (Moscow)
      Singh, Meharvan (Fort Worth)
      Sipiczky, Mátyás (Debrecen)
      Szeberényi, József (Pécs)
      Székely, György (Debrecen)
      Tari, Irma (Szeged)
      Vágvölgyi, Csaba (Szeged),
      L. Zaborszky (Newark)

 

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Acta Biologica Hungarica
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1950
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