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  • 1 University of Debrecen Department of Botany, Faculty of Science and Technology Egyetem tér 1 H-4010 Debrecen Hungary
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This work focuses on the comparative analysis of the effects of two cyanobacterial toxins of different chemical structure cylindrospermopsin (CYN) and microcystin-LR (MC-LR) on the white mustard (Sinapis alba L.) seedlings. Both cyanotoxins reduced significantly the fresh mass and the length of cotyledons, hypocotyls and main roots of seedlings in a concentration dependent manner. For various mustard organs the 50% inhibitory concentration values (IC50) of growth were between 3–5 μg ml−1 for MC-LR and between 5–10 μg ml−1 for CYN, respectively. Cyanotoxins altered the development of cotyledons, the accumulation of photosynthetically active pigments and anthocyanins. Low MC-LR concentrations (0.01 and 0.1 μg ml−1) stimulated anthocyanin formation in the cotyledons but higher than 1 μg ml-1 MC-LR concentrations strongly inhibited it. The CYN treated chlorotic cotyledons were violet coloured in consequence of high level of anthocyanins, while MC-LR induced chlorosis was accompanied by the appearance of necrotic patches. Necrosis and increases of peroxidase enzyme activity (POD) are general stress responses but these alterations were characteristic only for MC-LR treated mustard plants. These findings provide experimental evidences of developmental alterations induced by protein synthesis and protein phosphatase inhibitory cyanotoxins (CYN and MC-LR) in a model dicotyledonous plant.

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Editorial Board

      Csányi, Vilmos (Göd)
      Dudits, Dénes (Szeged)
      Falus, András (Budapest)
      Fischer, Ernő (Pécs)
      Gábriel, Róbert (Pécs)
      Gulya, Károly (Szeged)
      Gulyás, Balázs (Stockholm)
      Hajós, Ferenc (Budapest)
      Hámori, József (Budapest)
      Heszky, László (Gödöllő)
      Hideg, Éva (Szeged)
      E. Ito (Sanuki)
      Janda, Tibor (Martonvásár)
      Kavanaugh, Michael P. (Missoula)
      Kása, Péter (Szeged)
      Klein, Éva (Stockholm)
      Kovács, János (Budapest)
      Brigitte Mauch-Mani (Neuchâtel)
      Nässel, Dick R. (Stockholm)
      Nemcsók, János (Szeged)
      Péczely, Péter (Gödöllő)
      Roberts, D. F. (Newcastle-upon-Tyne)
      Sakharov, Dimitri A. (Moscow)
      Singh, Meharvan (Fort Worth)
      Sipiczky, Mátyás (Debrecen)
      Szeberényi, József (Pécs)
      Székely, György (Debrecen)
      Tari, Irma (Szeged)
      Vágvölgyi, Csaba (Szeged),
      L. Zaborszky (Newark)

 

Acta Biologica Hungarica
P.O. Box 35
H-8237 Tihany, Hungary
Phone: (36 87) 448 244 ext. 103
Fax: (36 87) 448 006
E-mail: elekes@tres.blki.hu

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Acta Biologica Hungarica
Language English
Size  
Year of
Foundation
1950
Publication
Programme
changed title
Volumes
per Year
 
Issues
per Year
 
Founder Magyar Tudományos Akadémia
Founder's
Address
H-1051 Budapest, Hungary, Széchenyi István tér 9.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 0236-5383 (Print)
ISSN 1588-256X (Online)