View More View Less
  • 1 Kaposvár University Guba S. u. 40 H-7400 Kaposvár Hungary
  • | 2 Szent István University Páter K. u. 1 H-2103 Gödöllő Hungary
  • | 3 Balaton Limnological Research Institute of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences Klebelsberg K. u. 3 H-8237 Tihany Hungary
  • | 4 Research Institute for Animal Breeding and Nutrition Gesztenyés u. 1 H-2053 Herceghalom Hungary
Restricted access

Fatty acid (FA) composition of the fillet and the intestinal content of dwarf common carp (Cyprinus carpio carpio) living in Lake Hévíz was determined in wintertime collected samples and results were compared to widespread literature data on carp. Fillet FA profile of the thermally adapted (28 °C) Hévíz dwarf carps differed from profiles originated from divergent culture and feeding conditions in the overall level of saturation. Fillet myristic acid proportions largely exceeded all literature data in spite of poor dietary supply. Fillet fatty acid results indicate the effects of thermal adaptation (high saturation level) and the correlative effects of feed components rich in omega-3 fatty acids, with special respect to docosahexaenoic acid. With the application of discriminant factor analysis the Hévíz sample was accurately differentiated from the literature data on carp fillet fatty acid profile, mostly based on C14:0, C18:1 n9, C18:2 n6, C20:1 n9 and C20:4 n6 FAs. In summary, fillet FA profile suggested thermal adaptation, location specificity and the ingestion of algal and bacterial material.

  • AlphaSoft 12.3 chemometric software, Alpha MOS, Touluse, France.

  • Andrássy, I. (1997) Nematodes in the Lake Hévíz. Állattani Közlemények 82, 13–27. (In Hungarian)

    Andrássy I. , 'Nematodes in the Lake Hévíz ' (1997 ) 82 Állattani Közlemények : 13 -27.

  • Buchtová, H., Svobodová, Z., Krizek, Z., Vácha, F., Kocour, M., Velísek, J. (2007) Fatty acid composition in intramuscular lipids of experimental scaly crossbreds in 3-year-old common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.). Acta Vet. Brno 76, 73–81.

    Velísek J. , 'Fatty acid composition in intramuscular lipids of experimental scaly crossbreds in 3-year-old common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) ' (2007 ) 76 Acta Vet. Brno : 73 -81.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Celik, M., Diler, A., Kucukgilmet, A. (2005) Comparison of the proximate composition and fatty acid profiles of zander (Sander lucioperca) from two different regions and climatic conditions. Food Chem. 92, 637–641.

    Kucukgilmet A. , 'Comparison of the proximate composition and fatty acid profiles of zander (Sander lucioperca) from two different regions and climatic conditions ' (2005 ) 92 Food Chem. : 637 -641.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Christie, W. W. (1982) A simple procedure for rapid transmethylation of glycerolipids and cholesteryl esters. J. Lipid Res. 23, 1072–1075.

    Christie W. W. , 'A simple procedure for rapid transmethylation of glycerolipids and cholesteryl esters ' (1982 ) 23 J. Lipid Res : 1072 -1075.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Dey, I., Buda, C., Wiik, T., Halver, J. E., Farkas, T. (1993) Molecular and structural composition of phospholipid membranes in lives of marine and freshwater fish in relation to temperature. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 90, 7498–7502.

    Farkas T. , 'Molecular and structural composition of phospholipid membranes in lives of marine and freshwater fish in relation to temperature ' (1993 ) 90 Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. : 7498 -7502.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Farkas, T. (1979) Adaption of fatty acid composition to temperature — a study on planktonic crustaceans. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 64, 71–76.

    Farkas T. , 'Adaption of fatty acid composition to temperature — a study on planktonic crustaceans ' (1979 ) 64 Comp. Biochem. Physiol. : 71 -76.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Farkas, T. (1984) Adaption of fatty acid composition to temperature — a study on carp (Cyprinus carpio) liver slices. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 79, 531–535.

    Farkas T. , 'Adaption of fatty acid composition to temperature — a study on carp (Cyprinus carpio) liver slices ' (1984 ) 79 Comp. Biochem. Physiol. : 531 -535.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Farkas, T., Csengeri, I. (1976) Biosynthesis of fatty acids by the carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) in relation to environmental temperature. Lipids 11, 401–407.

    Csengeri I. , 'Biosynthesis of fatty acids by the carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) in relation to environmental temperature ' (1976 ) 11 Lipids : 401 -407.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Farkas, T., Csengeri, I., Majoros, F., Oláh, J. (1980) Metabolism of fatty acids in fish III. Combined effect of enviromental temperature and diet on formation and deposition of fatty acids in the carp, Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus 1758. Aquaculture 20, 29–40.

    Oláh J. , 'Metabolism of fatty acids in fish III. Combined effect of enviromental temperature and diet on formation and deposition of fatty acids in the carp, Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus 1758 ' (1980 ) 20 Aquaculture : 29 -40.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Folch, J. M., Leeas, M., Sloane-Stanley, G. H. (1957) A simple method for the isolation and purification of total lipids from animal tissues. J. Biol. Chem. 226, 495–509.

    Sloane-Stanley G. H. , 'A simple method for the isolation and purification of total lipids from animal tissues ' (1957 ) 226 J. Biol. Chem. : 495 -509.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Geri, G., Poli, B. M., Gualtieri, M., Lupi, P., Parisi, G. (1995) Body trait and chemical composition of muscle in the common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) as infuenced by age and rearing environment. Aquaculture 129, 329–333.

    Parisi G. , 'Body trait and chemical composition of muscle in the common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) as infuenced by age and rearing environment ' (1995 ) 129 Aquaculture : 329 -333.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Ghazala, B., Naila, B., Shameel, M. (2010) Fatty acids and biological activities of crude extracts of freshwater algae from Sindh. Pak. J. Bot. 42, 1201–1212.

    Shameel M. , 'Fatty acids and biological activities of crude extracts of freshwater algae from Sindh ' (2010 ) 42 Pak. J. Bot. : 1201 -1212.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Guler, G. O., Kiztanir, B., Aktumsek, A., Citil, O. B., Ozparlak, H. (2008) Determination of the seasonal changes on total fatty acid composition and ω3/ω6 ratios of carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) muscle lipids in Beysheir Lake (Turkey). Food Chem. 108, 689–694.

    Ozparlak H. , 'Determination of the seasonal changes on total fatty acid composition and ω3/ω6 ratios of carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) muscle lipids in Beysheir Lake (Turkey) ' (2008 ) 108 Food Chem. : 689 -694.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Hajdinikolova, L. (2004) The influence of nutritive lipid sources on the growth and chemical and fatty acid composition of carp (Cyprinus carpio L.). Arch. Polish Fisheries 12, 111–119.

    Hajdinikolova L. , 'The influence of nutritive lipid sources on the growth and chemical and fatty acid composition of carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) ' (2004 ) 12 Arch. Polish Fisheries : 111 -119.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Jabeen, F., Chaudhry, A. (2011) Chemical compositions and fatty acid profiles of three freshwater fish species. Food Chem. 125, 991–996.

    Chaudhry A. , 'Chemical compositions and fatty acid profiles of three freshwater fish species ' (2011 ) 125 Food Chem. : 991 -996.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Kalyoncu, L., Yaman, Y., Aktumsek, A. (2010) Seasonal changes on total fatty acid composition of carp (Cyprinus carpio L.), in Ivriz Dam Lake, Turkey. African J. Biotech. 9, 3896–3900.

    Aktumsek A. , 'Seasonal changes on total fatty acid composition of carp (Cyprinus carpio L.), in Ivriz Dam Lake, Turkey ' (2010 ) 9 African J. Biotech. : 3896 -3900.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Kinsella, J. E., Lokesh, B., Stone, R. A. (1990) Dietary n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and amelioration of cardiovascular disease: possible mechanisms. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 52, 1–28.

    Stone R. A. , 'Dietary n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and amelioration of cardiovascular disease: possible mechanisms ' (1990 ) 52 Am. J. Clin. Nutr. : 1 -28.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Krett, G., Palatinszky, M. (2009) A polyphasic study on the species diversity of the sediment microbiota of Lake Hévíz. Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica 56, 339–355.

    Palatinszky M. , 'A polyphasic study on the species diversity of the sediment microbiota of Lake Hévíz ' (2009 ) 56 Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica : 339 -355.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Nichols, B. W., Appleby, R. S. (1969) The distribution and biosynthesis of arachidonic acid in algae. Phytochemistry 8, 1907–1915.

    Appleby R. S. , 'The distribution and biosynthesis of arachidonic acid in algae ' (1969 ) 8 Phytochemistry : 1907 -1915.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Ponyi, J. (1995) The fauna of the Lake Hévíz. Hidrológiai Tájékoztató 35(1), 21–23. (In Hungarian)

    Ponyi J. , 'The fauna of the Lake Hévíz ' (1995 ) 35 Hidrológiai Tájékoztató : 21 -23.

  • Rasoarahona, J. R. E., Barnathan, G., Bianchini, J. P., Gaydou, E. (2004) Annual evolution of fatty acid profile from muscle lipids of the common carp (Cyprinus carpio) in Madagascar inland waters. J. Agric. Food Chem. 52, 7339–7344.

    Gaydou E. , 'Annual evolution of fatty acid profile from muscle lipids of the common carp (Cyprinus carpio) in Madagascar inland waters ' (2004 ) 52 J. Agric. Food Chem. : 7339 -7344.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Shearer, K. D. (1994) Factors affecting the proximate composition of cultured fishes with emphasis on salmonids. Aquaculture 119, 63–88.

    Shearer K. D. , 'Factors affecting the proximate composition of cultured fishes with emphasis on salmonids ' (1994 ) 119 Aquaculture : 63 -88.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Specziár, A. (2004) Life history pattern and feeding ecology of the introduced eastern mosquitofish, Gambusia holbrooki, in a thermal spaunder temperate climate, of Lake Hévíz, Hungary. Hydrobiologia 522, 249–260.

    Specziár A. , 'Life history pattern and feeding ecology of the introduced eastern mosquitofish, Gambusia holbrooki, in a thermal spaunder temperate climate, of Lake Hévíz, Hungary ' (2004 ) 522 Hydrobiologia : 249 -260.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • spss for Windows 13 (2001) Copyright SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA.

  • Trenovszki, M. M., Lebovics, V. K., Müller, T., Szabó, T., Hegyi, Á., Urbányi, B., Horváth, L., Lugasi, A. (2011) Survey of fatty acid profile and lipid peroxidation characteristics in common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) meat taken from five Hungarian fish farms. Acta Alimentaria 40, 153–164.

    Lugasi A. , 'Survey of fatty acid profile and lipid peroxidation characteristics in common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) meat taken from five Hungarian fish farms ' (2011 ) 40 Acta Alimentaria : 153 -164.

    • Search Google Scholar