View More View Less
  • 1 University of Debrecen, H-4032 Debrecen, Böszörményi út 138., Hungary
  • | 2 Network of Aquaculture Centres in Central and Eastern Europe, H-5540 Szarvas, Anna-liget 8., Hungary
  • | 3 Ministry of Agriculture, H-1055 Budapest, Kossuth Lajos tér 11., Hungary
  • | 4 University of Debrecen, H-4032 Debrecen, Egyetem tér 1., Hungary
Restricted access

Selenium is an essential microelement for the normal functioning of life processes. Moreover, it is a component of enzymes with antioxidant effects. However, it has the smallest window of any micronutrient between requirement and toxicity. Selenium is a regularly used element in fish feeds; moreover, enriching zooplankton with selenium to rear larvae is also a well-known technology. It is accepted that the most common starter foods of fish larvae, natural rotifers contain the smallest dosage of selenium, but providing selenium enriched Artemia sp. instead could increase survival and growth rate of fish. However, no such references are available for the red drum (Sciaenops ocellatus) larvae. Therefore, in this study, Artemia sp. was enriched with nano-selenium of verified low toxicity and easy availability in 5 treatments (1, 5, 10, 50, 100 mg/l Se), and then, fish larvae were fed with four of these enriched Artemia stocks (1, 5, 10, 50 mg/l Se) and a control group. At the end of the 9-day-long experiment, survival rate (S) and growth parameters (SL, W, K-factor, SGR) of fish larvae were calculated as well as their selenium retention and glutathione peroxidase enzyme activity were analysed. It was revealed that a moderate level of selenium enrichment (~4 mg/kg dry matter) of Artemia sp. positively influences the rearing efficiency (i.e. survival and growth) of fish larvae, but higher dosages of selenium could cause adverse effects.

  • 1.

    Bell, J. G., Cowey, C. B. (1989) Digestibility and bioavailability of dietary selenium from fishmeal, selenite, selenomethionine and selenocystine in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Aquaculture 81, 6168.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 2.

    Bell, J. G., Cowey, C. B., Adron, J. W., Pirie, B. J. S. (1987) Some effects of selenium deficiency on enzyme activities and indices of tissue peroxidation in Atlantic salmon parr (Salmo salar). Aquaculture 65, 4354.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 3.

    Brigelius-Flohe, R. (1999) Tissue-specific functions of individual glutathione peroxidases. J. Free Radic. Biol. Med. 27, 951965.

  • 4.

    Burk, R. F. (2002) Selenium an antioxidant nutrient. Nutr. in Clinical Care 5, 7579.

  • 5.

    Chassaigne, H., Chéry, C. C., Bordin, G., Rodriguez, A. R. (2002) Development of new analytical methods for selenium speciation in selenium-enriched yeast material. J. Chromatogr. A. 976, 409422.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 6.

    Davis, D. A., Gatlin III, D. M. (1996) Dietary mineral requirements of fish and marine crustaceans. Rev. Fish. Sci. 4, 7599.

  • 7.

    Estevez, A., Kanazawa, A. (1996) Fatty acid composition of neural tissues of normally pigmented and unpigmented juveniles of Japanese flounder using rotifer and Artemia enriched in n y 3 HUFA. Fisheries Sci. 62, 8893.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 8.

    Flohé, L., Gunzler, W. A., Schock, H. H. (1973) Glutathione peroxidase: A selenoenzyme. FEBS Lett 32, 132.

  • 9.

    Gatlin III, D. M., Poe, W. E., Wilson, R. P. (1986) Effects of singular and combined dietary deficiencies of selenium and vitamin E on fingerling channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus). J. Nutr. 116, 10611067.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 10.

    Gatlin III, D. M., Wilson, R. P. (1984) Dietary selenium requirement of fingerling channel catfish. J. Nutr. 114, 627633.

  • 11.

    Hafezieh, M., Salleh Kamarudin, M., Roos Bin Saad, C., Kamal Abd Sattar, M., Agh, N., Hosseinpour, H. (2009) Effect of enriched artemia urmiana on growth, survival and composition of larval persian sturgeon. Turk. J. Fish. Aquat. Sc. 9, 201207.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 12.

    Hamre, K., Mollan, T. A., Sæle, Ø., Erstad, B. (2008) Rotifers enriched with iodine and selenium increase survival in Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) larvae. Aquaculture 284, 190195.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 13.

    Hamre, K., Opstad, I., Espe, M., Solbakken, J., Hemre, G. I., Pittman, K. (2002) Nutrient composition and metamorphosis success of Atlantic halibut (Hippoglossus hippoglossus, L.) larvae fed natural zooplankton or Artemia. Aquaculture Nutr. 8, 139148.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 14.

    Hilton, J. W., Hodson, P. V., Slinger, S. J. (1980) The requirement and toxicity of selenium in rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri). J. Nutr. 110, 25272535.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 15.

    Huang, B., Zhang, J., Hou, J., Chen, C. (2003) Free radical scavenging efficiency of nano-Se in vitro. J. Free Radic. Biol. Med. 35, 805813.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 16.

    Jaramillo, F., Peng, L., Gatlin, D. (2009) Selenium nutrition of hybrid striped bass (Morone chrysops × M. saxatilis) bioavailability, toxicity and interaction with vitamin E. Aquaculture Nutr. 15, 160165.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 17.

    Johansson, L., Gafvelin, G., Arnér, E. S. J. (2005) Selenocysteine in proteins ‒ properties and biotechnological use. BBA General Subjects. 1726, 113.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 18.

    Kamaszewski, M., Ostaszewska, T., Prusińska, M., Kolman, R., Chojnacki, M., Zabytyvskij, J., Jankowska, B., Kasprzak, R. (2014) Effects of Artemia sp. enrichment with essential fatty acids on functional and morphological aspects of the digestive system in Acipenser gueldenstaedtii Larvae. Turk. J. Fish. Aquat. Sc. 14, 929938.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 19.

    Kim, S.-K., Kim, K.-G., Kim, K.-D., Kim, K.-W., Son, M.-H., Rust, M., Johnson, R. (2014) Effect of dietary taurine levels on the conjugated bile acid composition and growth of juvenile Korean rockfish Sebastes schlegeli (Hilgendorf) Aquacult. Res. 46: 27682775.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 20.

    Kohrle, J. (2004) Selenium in biology and medicine ‒ further progress and increasing interest. J. Trace Elem. Med. Biol. 18, 6163.

  • 21.

    Kovács, B., Prokisch, J., Győri, Z., Kovács, A. B., Palencsar, A. (2000) Analytical methods and quality assurance: studies on soil sample preparation for inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry analysis. Commun. Soil Sci. Plan. 31, 19491963.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 22.

    Leger, P., Bengston, D. A., Simpson, K. L., Sorgeloos, P. (1986) The use and nutritional value of Artemia as a food source. ln: Barnes, M. (ed.) Oceanogr. Mar. Biol. Annual Reviews Vol 24. Aberdeen Univ. Press, Aberdeen, Scotland. pp. 521623.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 23.

    Lemly, A. D. (2002) Symptoms and implications of selenium toxicity in fish: the Belews Lake case example. Aquat. Toxicol. 57, 3949.

  • 24.

    Lin, Y. H., Shiau, S. Y. (2005) Dietary selenium requirements of juvenile grouper, Epinephelus malabaricus. Aquaculture 250, 356363.

  • 25.

    Lorentzen, M., Maage, A., Julshamn, K. (1994) Effects of dietary selenite or selenomethionine on tissue selenium levels of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Aquaculture 121, 359367.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 26.

    Maier, K. J., Knight, A. W. (1994) Ecotoxicology of selenium in freshwater system. In: Ware, G. W. (ed.) Rev. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 134, Springer-Verlag, New York, pp. 3148.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 27.

    McAdam, P. A., Levander, O. A. (1987): Chronic toxicity and retention of dietary selenium fed to rats and D-or L selenomethionine, selenite or selenate. Nutr. Res. 7, 601610.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 28.

    Naess, T., Germain-Henry, M., Naas, K. E. (1995) First feeding of Atlantic halibut (Hippoglossus hippoglossus) using different combinations of Artemia and wild zooplankton. Aquaculture 130, 235250.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 29.

    Nguyen, V. T., Satoh, S., Haga, Y., Fushimi, H., Kotani, T. (2008) Effect of zinc and manganese supplementation in Artemia on growth and vertebral deformity in red sea bream (Pagrus major) larvae. Aquaculture 7, 184192.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 30.

    NRC (1993) Nutrient Requirements of Fish. National Academy Press, Washington, DC, pp. 6263.

  • 31.

    Penglase, S., Nordgreen, A., Meeren, T. van der, Olsvik, P. A., Sæle, Ø., Sweetman, J. W., Baeverfjord, G., Helland, S., Hamre, K. (2010) Increasing the level of selenium in rotifers (Brachionus plicatilis ‘Cayman’) enhances the mRNA expression and activity of glutathione peroxidase in cod (Gadus morhua L.) larvae. Aquaculture 306, 259269.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 32.

    Polatajko, A., Jakubowski, N., Szpunar, J. (2006) State of the art report of selenium speciation in biological samples. J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 21, 639654.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 33.

    Ribeiro, A. R. A., Ribeiro, L., Dinis, M. T., Moren, M. (2011) Protocol to enrich rotifers (Brachionus plicatilis) with iodine and selenium. Aquacult. Res. 42, 17371740.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 34.

    Ribeiro, A. R. A., Ribeiro, L., Sæle, Ø., Dinis, M. T., Moren, M. (2012) Iodine and selenium supplementation increased survival and changed thyroid hormone status in Senegalese sole (Solea senegalensis) larvae reared in a recirculation system. Fish Physiol. Biochem. 38, 725734.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 35.

    Rider, S. A., Davies, S. J., Jha, A. N., Clough, R., Sweetman, J. W. (2010) Bioavailability of co-supplemented organic and inorganic zinc and selenium sources in a white fishmeal based rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) diet. J. Anim. Physiol. Anim. Nutr. 94, 99110

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 36.

    Rotruck, J. T., Pope, A. L., Ganther, H. E., Swanson, A. B., Hafeman, D. G., Hoekstra, W. G. (1973) Selenium: biochemical role as a component of glutathione peroxidase. Science 179, 585590.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 37.

    Sedlak, J., Lindsay, R. H. (1968) Estimation of total, protein-bound, and nonprotein sulfhydryl groups in tissue with Ellman’s reagent. Anal. Biochem. 25, 192205.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 38.

    Suhajda, Á., Hegóczki, J., Janzsó, B., Pais, I., Vereczkey, G. (2000) Preparation of selenium yeasts I. Preparation of selenium-enriched Saccharomyces cerevisiae. J. Trace Elem. Med. Biol. 14, 4347.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 39.

    Wakeman, J. M., Ramsey, P. R. (1985) A survey of population characteristic for red drum and spotted sea trout in Louisiana. Gulf Res. Ref. 8, 18.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 40.

    Wang, C., Lovell, R. T. (1997) Organic selenium sources, selenomethionine and selenoyeast, have higher bioavailability than an inorganic selenium source, sodium selenite, in diets for channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus). Aquaculture 152, 223234.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 41.

    Wang, H., Zhang, J., Yu, H. (2007) Elemental selenium at nano size possesses lower toxicity without compromising the fundamental effect on selenoenzymes: comparison with selenomethionine in mice. Free Radic. Biol. Med. 42, 15241533.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 42.

    Zeitoun, I. H., Ullrey, D. E., Magee, W. T. (1976) Quantifying nutrient requirements of fish. J. Fish. Res. Board. Can. 33, 167172.

  • 43.

    Zhang, J., Wang, H., Yan, X., Zhang, L. (2005) Comparison of short-term toxicity between nano-Se and selenite in mice. Life Sci. 76, 10991109.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 44.

    Zheng, F., Takeuchi, T., Yoseda, K., Kobayashi, M., Hirokawa, J., Watanabe, T. (1996) Requirement of larval cod for arachidonic acid, eicosapentaenoic acid, and docosahexaenoic acid using enriched Artemia nauplii. Nippon Suisan Gakk. 62, 669676.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation

Editorial Board

    1. Csányi, Vilmos (Göd)
    1. Dudits, Dénes (Szeged)
    1. Falus, András (Budapest)
    1. Fischer, Ernő (Pécs)
    1. Gábriel, Róbert (Pécs)
    1. Gulya, Károly (Szeged)
    1. Gulyás, Balázs (Stockholm)
    1. Hajós, Ferenc (Budapest)
    1. Hámori, József (Budapest)
    1. Heszky, László (Gödöllő)
    1. Hideg, Éva (Szeged)
    1. E. Ito (Sanuki)
    1. Janda, Tibor (Martonvásár)
    1. Kavanaugh, Michael P. (Missoula)
    1. Kása, Péter (Szeged)
    1. Klein, Éva (Stockholm)
    1. Kovács, János (Budapest)
    1. Brigitte Mauch-Mani (Neuchâtel)
    1. Nässel, Dick R. (Stockholm)
    1. Nemcsók, János (Szeged)
    1. Péczely, Péter (Gödöllő)
    1. Roberts, D. F. (Newcastle-upon-Tyne)
    1. Sakharov, Dimitri A. (Moscow)
    1. Singh, Meharvan (Fort Worth)
    1. Sipiczky, Mátyás (Debrecen)
    1. Szeberényi, József (Pécs)
    1. Székely, György (Debrecen)
    1. Tari, Irma (Szeged)
    1. Vágvölgyi, Csaba (Szeged),
    1. L. Zaborszky (Newark)

 

Acta Biologica Hungarica
P.O. Box 35
H-8237 Tihany, Hungary
Phone: (36 87) 448 244 ext. 103
Fax: (36 87) 448 006
E-mail: elekes@tres.blki.hu

Indexing and Abstracting Services:

  • Biological Abstracts
  • BIOSIS Previews
  • CAB Abstracts
  • Chemical Abstracts
  • Current Contents: Agriculture
  • Biology and Environmental Sciences
  • Elsevier BIOBASE
  • Global Health
  • Index Medicus
  • Index Veterinarius
  • Medline
  • Referativnyi Zhurnal
  • Science Citation Index
  • Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch)
  • SCOPUS
  • The ISI Alerting Services
  • Zoological Abstracts

 

Acta Biologica Hungarica
Language English
Size  
Year of
Foundation
1950
Publication
Programme
changed title
Volumes
per Year
 
Issues
per Year
 
Founder Magyar Tudományos Akadémia
Founder's
Address
H-1051 Budapest, Hungary, Széchenyi István tér 9.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 0236-5383 (Print)
ISSN 1588-256X (Online)