View More View Less
  • 1 Dokuz Eylul University, Buca, 35390, Izmir, Turkey
Restricted access

To elucidate the physiological mechanism of salt stress mitigated by cinnamic acid (CA) and fish flour (FF) pretreatment, wheat was pretreated with 20, 50 and 100 ppm CA and 1 g/10 mL FF for 2 d and was then cultivated. We investigated whether exogenous CA + FF could protect wheat from salt stress and examined whether the protective effect was associated with the regulation of seed vigor, antioxidant defense systems, phenolic biosynthesis and lipid peroxidation. At 2 days exogenous CA did not influence seed vigor. Salt stress increased the phenolic biosynthesis, but the CA + FF-combined pretreatment enhanced the phenolic biosynthesis even more under salt stress and decreased lipid peroxidation to some extent, enhancing the tolerance of wheat to salt stress.

  • 1.

    Abu El-Soud, W., Hegab, M. M., Abdelgawad, H., Zinta, G., Asard, H. (2013) Ability of ellagic acid to alleviate osmotic stress on chickpea seedlings. Plant Physiol. Biochem. 71, 173183.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 2.

    Aebi, H. E. (1983) Catalase. In: Bergmeyer, H. U. (ed.), Methods of Enzymatic Analysis, vol. 3. Verlag Chemice, Deerfield Beach FL, pp. 273286.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 3.

    Anonymus (2000) Fisheries statistics. State Institute of Statistics, Prime Ministry, Republic of Turkey, Ankara.

  • 4.

    Bates, L., Waldren, R. P., Teare, I. D. (1973) Rapid determination of free proline for water-stress studies. Plant Soil 39, 205207.

  • 5.

    Baziramakenga, R., Leroux, G. D., Simard, R. R. (1995) Effects of benzoic and Cinnamic acids on membrane permeability of soybean roots. J. Chem. Ecol. 21, 12711285.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 6.

    Bradford, M. M. (1976) A rapid and sensitive method for quantification of microgram quantities of protein utilizing the principle of protein-dye binding. Anal. Biochem. 72, 248254.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 7.

    Boscolo, W. R. (2001) Desempenhoe caracteristicas de carcaqa de machos revertidos de tilapias do Nilo (Oreochromisniloticus), linhagens tailandesa e comumnas fases iniciais e de crescimento. Revista Brasileire Zootec. 30, 13911396.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 8.

    Buege, J. A., Aust, S. D. (1978) Microsomal lipid peroxidation. Methods Enzymol. 52, 302310.

  • 9.

    Crosti, N., Serviden, T., Bajer, J., Serra, A. (1987) Modification of 6-hydroxydopamine technique for the correct determination of superoxide dismutase. J. Clin. Chem. Clin. Biochem. 25, 265272.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 10.

    Dincer, T., Cakli, S., Kilinc, B., Tolasa, S. (2010) Amino acids and fatty acid composition content of fish sauce. J. Animal Vet. Advan. 9, 311315.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 11.

    Du, L., Ali, G. S., Simons, K. A., Hou, J., Yang, T., Reddy, A. S., Poovanah, B. W. (2009) Ca2+/ calmodulin regulates salicylic-acid-mediated plant immunity. Nature 457, 11541158.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 12.

    Hayat, Q., Hayat, S., Irfan, M., Ahmad, A. (2010) Effect of exogenous salicylic acid under changing environment: a review. Environ. Exp. Bot. 68, 1425.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 13.

    Hodgins, D. S. (1971) Yeast phenylalanine ammonia-lyase. Purification, properties, and the identification of catalytically essential dehydroalanine. J. Biol. Chem. 246, 29772985.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 14.

    Horii, A., McCue, P., Shetty, K. (2007) Seed vigour studies in corn, soybean and tomato in response to fish protein hydrolysates and consequences on phenolic-linked responses. Bioresource Technol. 98, 21702177.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 15.

    Keutgen, A. J., Pawelzik, E. (2008) Quality and nutritional value of strawberry fruit under long term salt stress. Food Chem. 107, 14131420.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 16.

    Lee, J., Scagel, C. F. (2009) Chicoric acid found in basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) leaves. Food Chem. 115, 650656.

  • 17.

    Milic, B.L., Dijilas, S. M., Canadanovic-Brunet, J. M. (1998) Antioxidative activity of phenolic compounds on metal-ion breakdown of lipid peroxidation system. Food Chem. 61, 443447.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 18.

    McCue, P., Zheng, Z., Pinkham, J. L., Shetty, K. (2000) A model for enhanced pea seedling vigour following low pH and salicylic acid treatments. Process Biochem. 35, 600613.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 19.

    Nakano, Y., Asada, K. (1981) Hydrogen peroxide is scavenged by ascorbate-specific peroxidase in spinach chloroplasts. Plant Cell Physiol. 22, 867880.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 20.

    Nino, H. V., Shaw, W. (1976) Determination of ascorbic acid. In: Tietz, N. W. (ed.), Vitamins Fundamental of Clinical Chemistry. pp. 542550.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 21.

    Ng, P. L., Ferrarese, M. L. L., Huber, D. A., Ravagnani, A. L. S., Ferrarese-Filho, O. (2003) Canola (Brassica napus L.) seed germination influenced by cinnamic acid and benzoic acids and derivatives: effects on peroxidase. Seed Sci. Technol. 31, 3946.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 22.

    Salvador, V. H., Lima, R. B., Dantas dos Santos, W., Soares, A. R., Böhm, P. A. F., Marchiosi, R., Ferrarese, M. L. L., Ferrarese-Filho, O. (2013) Cinnamic Acid Increases Lignin Production and Inhibits Soybean Root Growth. PLOS ONE 8, e69105, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0069105.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 23.

    Saleh, A. M., Madany, M. M. Y. (2015) Coumarin pretreatment alleviates salinity stress in wheat seedlings. Plant Physiol. Biohem. 88, 2735.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 24.

    Shetty, K. (1997) Biotechnology to harness the benefits of dietary phenolics; focus on Lamiaceae. Asia Pacific J. Clin. Nutr. 6, 162171.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 25.

    Singh, H. P., Kaur, S., Batish, D. R., Kohli, R. K. (2009) Caffeic acid inhibits in vitro rooting in mung bean [Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek] hypocotyls by inducing oxidative stress. Plant Growth Regul. 57, 2130.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 26.

    Verstraeten, S. V., Keen, C. L., Schmitz, H. H., Fraga, C. G., Oteiza, P. L. (2003) Flavan-3-ols and procyanidins protect liposomes against lipid oxidation and disruption of the bilayer structure. Free Radic. Biol. Med. 34, 8492.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 27.

    Wu, F. Z., Pan, K., Zhou, X. Y. (2005) Effects of Cinnamic acid on physiological characteristics of Cucumis sativus seedling. Chin. J. Appl. Ecol. 16, 915918.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 28.

    Zhang, J. Y., Wu, F. Z. (2007) Effects of salt stress on membrane lipid peroxidation and proline content in cucumber cultivars. China Vegetables 7, 1215.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation