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  • 1 Hatay Mustafa Kemal University, Turkey
  • 2 Dicle University, Turkey
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Introduction

Seizures are the hallmarks of most types of epilepsies. Behavioral and cognitive impairments coincide with interictal periods even though it is not clear whether these impairments spring out of the seizure itself or accompanying sociopsychological burden of the disease.

Materials and methods

In this study, we investigated behavioral and cognitive consequences of a single GABA receptor-related seizure in mice, and examined the potential anticonvulsive and behavior-modulating properties of sophoretin (quercetin) and rutoside (rutin).

Results

The study demonstrated that sophoretin and rutoside, common flavonoids of the human diet, delay the seizure onset and reduce the seizure stage. Moreover, they exerted an antidepressant-like effect, which was independent of the seizure. Neither treatments nor seizure altered recognition and spatial memory performances of the mice.

Conclusions

Behavioral or cognitive disturbances that are evident in epileptic patients did not appear following a single seizure. In addition, we suggest that both sophoretin and rutoside successfully alleviate the seizure severity without interfering in the behavioral stability and cognitive performance. Hence, these flavonoids may be of use as adjuncts to the current treatment options.

Supplementary Materials

    • Supplementary Material
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