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  • 1 BKÁE Összehasonlító Gazdaságtan Tanszék Budapest
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A menedzsment tudományok kutatói egyetértenek abban, hogy a tudás megosztása a szervezeti tanulás alkotóeleme, illetve a tanuló szervezet egyik lényegi jellemzője. A tanulmányban a tudásmegosztás jelenségét önérdekkövető egyének cselekvéseként konceptualizáljuk, s abból indulunk ki, hogy ezeket a cselekvéseket - mint bármely más cselekvéseket a gazdasági rendszerelméletben - különféle koordináló intézmények szabályozzák. Amellett érvelünk, hogy a tudásmegosztás folyamata hatékonyabban megy végbe akkor, ha a tudásmegosztás szereplőinek cselekvését a reciprocitás normája szabályozza. Ezzel szemben, hatékonysági veszteségek mutatkoznak azokban az esetekben, amikor a tudás megosztását bürokratikus módon szabályozzák, illetve akkor, amikor a szereplők magatartását a tudásmegosztás folyamatában a piaci elvek és normák vezérlik.

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