To be a Jew in communist Hungary between 1948-1989 was to be a person carrying a stigma. Jewish identity was suppressed in public and in many cases in private. Since the demise of the communist regime Hungarian Jews have begun to proclaim their identity publicly. In short Jews are “coming out”. In this paper I describe the ways in which Jewish identity is expressed and I analyse the factors, both internal and external that have facilitated such expression.
ANDORKA, Rudolf, KOLOSI, Tamás, ROSE, Richard and VUKOVICH, György (eds.) 1999: A Society Transformed: Hungary in Time-space Perspective. Budapest: Central European University.
A Society Transformed: Hungary in Time-space Perspective, ().
A Society Transformed: Hungary in Time-space Perspective)| false
KONRÁD, György 1998: 'Aphorisms on the durability of the Jews', Szombat (periodical of the Federation to Maintain Jewish Culture in Hungary). Budapest, August.
BIBÓ, István 1991: 'The Jewish question in Hungary after 1944' [first published in Hungarian in 1948], in: Károly NAGY (ed.), Democracy, Revolution, Self-Determination: Selected Writings. New York: Columbia University Press.
‘The Jewish question in Hungary after 1944’ [first published in Hungarian in 1948], ().
‘The Jewish question in Hungary after 1944’ [first published in Hungarian in 1948])| false
ERŐS, Ferenc 1996: "The construction of Jewish identity in Hungary in the 1980s", in: KASHTI, Y., ERŐS, F., SCHERS, D. and ZISENWINE, D., A Quest For Identity: Post War Jewish Biographies. School of Education, Tel Aviv University.
“The construction of Jewish identity in Hungary in the 1980s”, ().
“The construction of Jewish identity in Hungary in the 1980s”)| false
Hungarian Central Statistical Office [Központi Statisztikai Hivatal] 1993: Vallási élet Magyarországon 1992-ben [Religious Life in Hungary in 1992]. Budapest. 1996: Social Portrait of Hungary. Budapest.
KARÁDY, Victor 1993a: 'Antisemitisme et strategies d'integration: Juifs et non-Juifs dans la Hongrie contemporaine', Annales Economie, Société, Civilisation,2 239-264. 1993b: Beyond Assimilation: Dilemmas of Jewish Identity in Contemporary Hungary. Budapest: Institute for Advanced Study.
KOLOSI, Tamás and ROSE, Richard 1999: 'Scaling change in Hungary', in: R. ANDORKA et al.
KOMORÓCZY, Géza 1995: 'The Jewish Hungary today: Jews, former Jews, and Jews-to-be in Hungarian society'. Paper delivered to a symposium entitled Jewish Centers and Peripheries: Europe between America and Israel 50 Years after World War II, Oxford, August.
KOMORÓCZY, Géza et al. 1999: Jewish Budapest: Monuments, Rites, History. Budapest: Central European University Press.