With the regulation of the rivers vast areas along the Tisza River were drained. As a result of this process flood plain farming gave way to the cultivation of field crops. However, the traditional forms of farming survived on the river flats between the dikes and the river and in the early 20th century vines and fruit trees were planted on the higher areas here outside many settlements along the Tisza River. The cultivation of vines in a manner adapted to the ecology and natural conditions of the river flats in Szentes resulted in the production of table grapes in quantities exceeding the subsistence level, for sale on the market. The article attempts primarily to explore the natural conditions determining this special form of cultivation. The most important natural factor is the periodical inundation during floods which fundamentally influences the course of grape production. The author examines how people farming in these areas are able to adapt to the harsh natural conditions, how they organise the cultivation and whether this ecological adaptation can be regarded as successful and viable.