Author: Árpád Szabó1
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  • 1 Babeş-Bolyai University Department of Hungarian Ethnography and Anthropology Faculty of Letters Str. Horea, nr. 31 Cluj-Napoca Romania
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In this article I discuss the role of the market on the different branches of the agriculture in a Transylvanian village analysing the complex forms of the market and market behaviour that exist in a peculiar rural settlement. The village once had a sort of regional centre role where families who earned a living from non-agricultural activities lived in high number but this role had faded with socialist modernisation, thus nowadays the main sector is the agriculture. Regarding the links between agricultural production and the market the article delimitates three behavioural patterns, namely self-sufficiency, partial market integration and dominant market integration (differentiating the locations where farmers place their products, too), arguing that in fact these patterns may be found many times in the same households and there are no clear forms of market behaviour. In concordance I argue also that self-sufficiency is not more than a scientific tool used in the description of traditional economies but it does not really exist, and self-sufficiency and market are not opposed, but on the contrary, they complement each other. Consequently the article tries to demonstrate that the peasant farming depends in many ways — both in its consumption and production — on the market and that the market effects in fact mean inequalities.

  • Andorka, Rudolf 1975: Paraszti családszervezet a XVIII-XIX. században (Alsónyék és Kölked adatai nemzetközi összehasonlításban) [Peasant Family Organization in the 18–19th Centuries]. Ethnographia LXXXXVI (2–3) 340–367.

    Andorka R. , 'Paraszti családszervezet a XVIII-XIX. században (Alsónyék és Kölked adatai nemzetközi összehasonlításban) ' (1975 ) LXXXXVI Ethnographia : 340 -367.

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Editor-in-Chief: Ágnes FÜLEMILE
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Zsuzsanna CSELÉNYI

Review Editors: Csaba MÉSZÁROS; Katalin VARGHA

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  • Balázs BALOGH (Institute of Ethnology, Research Centre for the Humanities)
  • Elek BARTHA (University of Debrecen)
  • Balázs BORSOS (Institute of Ethnology, Research Centre for the Humanities)
  • Miklós CSERI (Hungarian Open Air Museum, the Skanzen of Szentendre)
  • Lajos KEMECSI (Museum of Ethnography)
  • László KÓSA (Eötvös University, Budapest)
  • lldikó LANDGRAF (Institute of Ethnology, Research Centre for the Humanities)
  • Tamás MOHAY (Eötvös University, Budapest)
  • László MÓD (University of Szeged)
  • Attila PALÁDI-KOVÁCS (Institute of Ethnology, Research Centre for the Humanities and Eötvös University, Budapest)
  • Gábor VARGYAS (Institute of Ethnology, Research Centre for the Humanities and University of Pécs)
  • Vilmos VOIGT (Eötvös University, Budapest)
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Acta Ethnographica Hungarica
Language English
Size B5
Year of
2020 Volume 65
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Founder Magyar Tudományos Akadémia
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ISSN 1216-9803 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2586 (Online)