View More View Less
  • 1 University of Pécs
Restricted access

Purchase article

USD  $25.00

1 year subscription (Individual Only)

USD  $622.00

The 1949 rise to power of the Chinese Communist Party (Zhongguo Gongchandang 中国共产党)1 was the beginning of a new era in China: the declaration of the People’s Republic of China (Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo 中华人民共和国) was the first step on the “socialist road” leading to the creation of the long-coveted Chinese national unity. However, progress on the “socialist road” has posed many challenges for the ethnic minorities living within China’s borders. Mostly because melting into the Chinese national unity – paradoxically – became a symbol of the autonomy of ethnic minorities. In the spirit of this process, the ethnic nationalist aspirations of the Sibe (Chin. xibo zu 锡伯族; Sib. sibe uksura ᠰᡞᠪᡝ ᡠᡣᠰᡠᠷᠠ), the ethnic minority I studied, unfolded alongside the writing of Chinese national history. In my work, I follow these endeavors from the 1950s until recent times. At the center is a story that is seemingly about the knowledge base of Sibe ancestors, the family trees, and beyond that, about the “reunification” of a clan that was torn apart in 1764 by thousands of miles. But, in fact, it formulates much more than that: the idea of political martyrdom by the Sibe in the interest of creating the Chinese national unity. It is through this story that I wish to provide an insight into how Chinese national unity was created.

  • Assmann, Jan 1999 A Kulturâlis emlékezet. Iras, emlékezés és politikai identitâs a korai magaskultùrâkban. Budapest: Atlantisz. [Original edition: Jan Assmann: Das Kulturelle Gedächtnis 1992]

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Ban Jisu班吉苏 2010 Diaocha yu sikao 调查与思考[Revision]. Wulumuqi 乌鲁木齐,Xinjiang Weiwu’er Zizhiqu Neibu Ziliao Zhunyinzheng 新疆维吾尔自治区内部资料 准印证. 、

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Chang Shiyin 常士阇 2010 Duominzu houfa guojia xiandaihua jincheng zhong de zuji zhengzhi zhenghe yu zhengzhi wenming jianshe多民族后发国家现代化进程中的族际政治 整合与聂治文明建设[Ethnic Political Integration and the Construction of Political Civilization in the Modernization Process of Multiethnic Developing Countries], In Minzu wenti yanjiu 民族f可题石开究[Research on Nationalities]. 8):1522.

  • Chen Jianyue 陈建樾 2010 Zhengzhi wenming yu minzu quyu zizhi 政治文明与民族区域自治[The Political Civilization and the Autonomy of Ethnic Regions], In Minzu wenti yanjiu 民族问题研究[Research on Nationalities]. 1):1826.

  • Dimulati Aomai’er迪木拉提奥迈尔 (ed.) 2008 Xibozu minjian xinyang yu shehui 锡伯族民间信仰与社会[Sibe Folk Religion and Society]. Xinjiang shaoshu minzu minjian xinyang yu minzu shehui yanjiu congshu 新疆少数民族民间信仰与民族社会研究丛书. Beijing 北京,Minzu Chubanshe 民族出版社.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Duby, Georges - Lardreau, Guy 1993 Pârbeszéd a tôrténelemrôl. Budapest: Akadémiai Kiado. [Original edition: Georges Duby - Guy Lardreau: Dialogues 1980]

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Elliott, Marc C. 2001 The Manchu Way. The Eight Banners and Ethnic Identity in Late Imperial China. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Eriksen, Thomas Hylland 2008 Etnicitâs és nacionalizmus. Antropolôgiai megkôzelitések. Budapest, Pécs, Gondolat Kiado, PTE Kommunikâcio- és Médiatudomanyi Tanszék. [Original edition: Thomas Hylland Eriksen: Ethnicity and Nationalism 2003]

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Gong Yichang 龚义昌 2002 Xibozu xingshi kao _伯胃女生氏_ [Examination of Sibe Clan Names]. Wulumuqi乌鲁木齐,Xinjiang Renmin Chubanshe新疆人民出版社.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Guo Jianzhong 郭逢中 2005 Xiboren yu Chabucha’er da qu 锡伯人与察布查尔大渠[The Sibe People and the Chabucha’er Channel]. In Yong Zhijian 永志坚-Guo Eryuan 郭兀 JL: Xibozu yanjiu wenji 锡伯族石开究文集[A Collection of Sibe Research]. Wulumuqi 乌鲁木齐Xinjiang Renmin Chubanshe 新疆人民出版社.344- 369.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Ha Zhenguo 哈镇国 1997 San Qu Geming jun zhong de xibo, dawo’er qibing pai 三区革命军中的 锡伯,达斡尔骑兵排[The Sibe and Daur Cavaly in the Three Districts Revolutionary Army]. In Xibo wenhua 锡伯文化-Sibe su wen 州决[The Sibe Culture], 28). 5763.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Han Qikun韩启昆 2004 Hashihuli jiazu wanli xunqin ji 哈什胡里家族万里寻亲记[Notes on Tracing the Kinship of the Hashihuli Clan Across Ten Thousand Lis]. In HAN Qikun 韩 启昆(ed)Xibozu wenxuan 锡伯族文选[Sibe Anthology].

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Han Qikun韩启昆 2005 Biantai Hashihuli shi (Han) jiapu yanjiu 边台哈什胡里氏(韩)家谱研究 [Examination of the Family Tree of the Hashihuli (Han) Clan From Biantai]. In YONG Zhijian 永志坚-Guo Eryuan 郭元儿(ed) Xibozu yanpu wenji 锡伯 族研究文集[A Collection of Sibe Research], Wulumuqi 乌鲁朱齐,Xinjiang Renmin Chubanshe 新疆人民出版社.211225.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • He Ling 贺灵 - TONG Keli 佟克力(eds.) 2004 Xibozu guj ziliao jizhu 锡伯族古籍资辛斗辑注[Clarifications of Data in Old Sibe Books]. Wulumuqi 乌鲁木齐Xinjiang Renmin Chubanshe 新疆人民出 版社.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • He Yuanfu 贺元福-AN Zhentai 安振泰-HE Ling 贺灵- Guo Dexing 郭得兴- ZHANG Deyu张得玉-WU Keyao吴克尧 2009 Xibozu zongpu wenhua yichan 锡伯族宗谱文化遗产[The Cultural Heritage of Sibe Family Trees]. In HE Ling贺灵(ed) Xibozu wenhua jingcui 锡伯族 文化精粹[The Essence of Sibe Culture]. Xibo wenhua congshu 锡伯文化 丛书.Wulumuqi乌鲁木齐,Xinjiang Renmin Chubanshe新疆人民出版社. 380395.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Hyer, Eric 2009 Sinocentricism and the National Question in China, 255-273. In CARVALHO, Susana - GEMENNE, François (eds) Nations and their Histories. Constructions and Representations. Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire; New York, Palgrave Macmillan.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Ji Qing吉庆 2004 Qingxi Xibo 情系锡伯Sibe Ties]. Liaoning Renmin Chubanshe 辽宁人 民出版社.

  • Li Lin李林 2006 Manzu zongpu yanjiu 满族宗谱石开究[Examination of Manchu Family Trees]. Shenyang 沈阳Liaoning Minzu Chubanshe 辽宁民族出版社.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Liu, Hui - Chen, Wang 1959 The Traditional Chinese Clan Rules. Locust Valley, New York, J. J. Augustin Incorporated Publisher.

  • Ma Yin 1994 China’s Minority Nationalities. Beijing, Foreign Languages Press.

  • Na Qiming那启明 2005 Liaoning sheng xibozu jiapu jianjie 辽宁省锡伯族家谱简介[A Profile of Sibe Family Trees in Liaoning Province], 226-232. In YONG Zhijian 永志坚- Guo Eryuan 郭元儿(eds) Xibozu yanjiu wenji 锡伯族石开究文集[A Collection of Sibe Research]. Wulumuqi 乌鲁木齐,Xinjiang Renmin Chubanshe 新疆人 民出版社.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Na Qiming 那启明 - HAN Qikun 韩启昆(eds) 2010 Zhongguo xiboren 中国锡伯入[Chinese Sibe People]. Shenyang Liaoning Minzu Chubanshe 辽宁良族出版社.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Shenyang shi minwei minzu zhi bianzuan bangongshi沈阳市民委民族志编纂 办公室(ed) 1988 Shenyang xibozu zhi [The Chronicle of the Sibe in Shenyang ]. Shenyang 沈阳Liaoning Minzu Chubanshe 辽宁民族出版社.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Shirokogoroff, S. M. 1924 Social Organization of the Manchus. A Study of the Manchu Clan Organization. Shanghai: Royal Asiatic Society.

  • Szajp, Szabolcs - Torös, Âgnes 2010 Felemelkedö gazdasâgi hatalmak: fâna [Rising economic powers: China], 159-200. In BLAHO Andrâs - KUTASI Gâbor (eds) Eröközpontok és régiôk a 21. szâzad vilâggazdasâgâban. [Power centers and regions in the world economy of the 21 century] Budapest: Akadémiai Kiado.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Tiemu’er Dawamaiti铁木尔达瓦买提 1997 Zhongguo shaoshumimu wenhua dacidian 中国少数民族文化大舌辛典 [Cultural Dictionary of Chinese Minorities]. Beijing 北京Minzu Chubanshe 民族出版社.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Tongjia Qingfu 佟加庆夫 - WEN Jian 文健 2009 Xibozu feiwuzhi wenhua yichan daibiaozuo 锡伯族-一物质文化遗产代表作[Sibe Intangible Cultural Heritage List]. Wulumuqi Xinjiang Renmin Chubanshe新疆人民出版社.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Uray-Köhalmi, Katalin 2000 A mandzsuk nyolczâszlos hadserege [Eight banners of the Manchu army], In ÜJ Keleti Szemle, 2 (1):57.

  • Vamos, Péter 2009 A târsadalmi, etnikai, vallâsi feszûltségek és a korrupcio kezelése Kinâban [The managing of social, ethnic and religious tensions and the corruption in China], 32-84. In INOTAI, Andrâs - JUHASZ, Otto (eds) Stratégiai kutatâsok: A vâltozô Kina - I. Kina politikai, târsadalmi fejlôdésének jelene és jövöje [Strategic researches: The changing China - I. Past and presence of political and social development of China], Budapest: Magyar Tudomânyos Akadémia Vilâggazdasâgi Kutatointézet - Miniszterelnöki Hivatal.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Wu Jingrong 吴景荣 - CHENG Zhenqiu 程镇球 2007 Xin shidai han ying dacidian 新时代汉英大舌辛典[New Age Chinese-English Dictionary]. Beijing北京Shangwu Yinshuguan商务印书馆.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Wu Yuanfeng 吴元丰 - ZHAO Zhiqiang 赵志强(eds) 2008 Xibozu xiqian gaishu 锡伯族西迀概述[Broadly about the Western Relocation of the Sibe]. In Wu Yuanfeng 吴元丰-ZHAO Zhiqiang 赵志强(eds) Xibozu lishi tanjiu 锡伯族历史探究[Examination of Sibe History], 5872. Shenyang 沈阳Liaoning Minzu Chubanshe辽宁民族出版社.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • xibozu jianshi” bianxiezu “锡伯族简史”编写组- “xibozujianshi” xiudingben bianxiezu “锡伯族简史”修订本编写组 2008 Xibozu jianshi 锡伯族简史[A BriefHistory of the Sibe]. Beijing 北京,Minzu Chubanshe民族出版社.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • xinjiang shaoshu minzu gujiban 亲万疆少数民族古籍办 - beijing shi minwei gujiban北京市民委古籍办 工 2003 Shengjing yizhu Yili xibo ying xiang hong qi guanbing san dai ding ce 盛京移 驻伊犁锡伯营镶红旗官兵三代丁册[A List ofThree Generations of Soldiers Forming the Rimmed Red Banner in the Camp of the Sibe Relocated from Shengjing to Ili]. Wulumuqi 乌鲁木齐,Xinjiang Renmin Chubanshe 新疆人 民出版社.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Yan Yunxiang 1996 The Flow of Gifts. Reciprocity and Social Networks in a Chinese Village. Stanford, California, Stanford University Press.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Yong Zhjian 永志坚 2005 Hang’ali shi Marenbao mubei beiwen qianshi 杭阿里氏玛仁保墓碑碑文浅 释[A Simple Explanation of the Tombstone Inscription of Marenbao of the Hang’ali Clan], 139-157. In YONG Zhijian 永志坚- Guo EiYuan 郭元儿 (eds) Xibozu yanjiu wenji 锡伯族石开究文集[A Collection of Sibe Research]. Wulumuqi乌鲁木齐,Xinjiang Renmin Chubanshe新疆人民出版社.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • zhongguo diyi lishi dang’anguan 中国第一历史档案馆(transl.) 1989 Xibozu dang’an shiliao 锡伯族档案史料[Historical Archival Materials of the Sibe]. Shangce 上册[Volume One]. Shenyang 沈阳Liaoning Minzu Chubmshe辽宁民族出版社.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation