View More View Less
  • 1 Independent scholars, Romania/UK
Restricted access

Purchase article

USD  $25.00

1 year subscription (Individual Only)

USD  $622.00

The celebration of the day of patron saint of the local church is a custom that is widespread among Christians in various parts of the world. In the plain and mountain areas of the Romanian Banat region, this day is referred to as ruga (pl. ruge), which literally means “pray.” These customary events are local community participatory festivals in the sense that they include both active and passive participants, the former joining in the dancing, the latter sitting and watching whilst socialising with relatives and friends. Although these events are primarily held on fixed calendrical days according to the patron saint of a specific church, they are in most cases attended by representatives of the many ethnicities and religious confessions that live together in the Banat region.

This paper examines saint’s day celebrations in Banat as one of the prime community events where music and dancing take place. It draws on the authors’ fieldwork undertaken at saint’s day celebrations in the Romanian Banat where they observed the similarities and differences in these events. Their research is supplemented by drawing on reports from local media on ruge, historical accounts, and conversations with locals. Their conclusion is that over time the concept of the celebration of ruge has been maintained though the precise details of the events have changed over time as these celebrations have been adapted to meet the needs of present- day communities while retaining their function as participatory community celebrations.

  • Adam, Simona 2008. The Construction of Banat Regional Identity Through Life-Story Interviews. In Roth, KlausVučinić-Nešković, Vesna (eds.) Region, Regional Identity and Regionalism in Southeastern Europe. Part 2: Ethnologia Balkanica 12, 111122. Berlin: Lit Verlag.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Budescu, Iconia 2007. Dalboșeț, studiu monografic [Dalboşeţ, Monographic Study]. Reșița: Editura TIM.

  • Buruleanu, Dan N. – Paun, Liana 2011. Moravița, album monografic [Moravița, Monographic Album]. Timișoara: Editura Solness.

  • Caliman, Ion 2012. Ruga in zona Făgetului [Ruga in the Zone of Făget]. Timișiensis: Revista Centrului de Cultură și Artă al Județului Timiș 3, 57. Timișoara: Editura Eurostampa.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Chwoika, Gerhard 2019. Kirchweih-ul şvabilor bănăţeni la Deta [The Swabian Banat Kirchweih in Deta]. Radio Reșița [Online], Reșița. http://www.radioresita.ro/353653/ kirchweih-ul-svabilor-la-deta (accessed July 20, 2019).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Falassi, Alessandro 1987. Festival: Definition and Morphology. In Falassi, Alessandro (ed.) Time Out of Time: Essays on the Festival, 1–10. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Fogas, Camelia 2015. Banatul Journal al primariilor din Banatul istoric [Banat Journal of the Mayors in Historic Banat], 5(1). Timișoara: Revistabanatul.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Gehl, Hans 2014. Hramul bisericii în Banat. Conținut, izvoare, perspective [The Church Saint’s Day in Banat. Continuity, Source, Perspective]. Memoria Ethnologica (annul XIV) 50–51, 4659. Baia Mare: Centrul județean pentru conservarea și promovarea culturii tradiționale Maramureș.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Giurchescu, Anca 2015. Field Research in Svinica/Svinița, a Community Bridging Both Shores of the Danube: Comments across four Decades. In Rakočević, SelenaMellish, Liz (eds.) Dance, Field Research and Intercultural Perspectives: The Easter Customs in the Village of Sviniţa, 23–46. Pančevo: Selena Rakočević, Kulturi centar Pančevo.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Groza, Daniel 2018. Ce înseamnă ruga în Banat. Cum sărbătoresc bănăţenii de la sate hramul unei bisericii [What Does Ruga in Banat Mean? How Do the Banat People from the Villages Celebrate the Dedication of a Church]. Adevarul.ro [Online], (19 April 2018). https://adevarul.ro/locale/resita/ce-inseamna-ruga-banat-sarbatoresc-banatenii-sate-hramul-bisericii-1_5ad715c4df52022f75f70a0b/index.html (accessed August 12, 2018).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • GruiȚa, Octavian – Peia, Gavrilă 2013. (1999) Monografia Satului Şoşdea. Timişoara: Editura Marineasa.

  • Guss, David M 2000. The Festive State: Race, Ethnicity, and Nationalism as Cultural Performance. California: University of California Press.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Harabagiu, Dragana 2019. Comunitatea sârbă din Măceşti – păstrătoarea tradiţiilor spirituale şi culturale [The Serbian Community in Măceşti – Maintaining their Spiritual and Cultural Traditions]. Express de Banat [Online], Reșița: Redacția Express de Banat. https://expressdebanat.ro/foto-comunitatea-sarba-din-macesti-pastratoarea-traditiilor-spirituale-si-culturale/ (accessed July 20, 2019).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Hinkel, Brunhilde 2014. “Kirchweih” la Cenad. Anuarul Asociației Culturale “Concordia” Cenad 78 (2012–2013), 110–114. Timișoara: Editura Art Press.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Ion, Crega Lerca – Traian, Constantin 2014. Vrani. Monografia satului bănăţan [Vrani. Monograph of the Banat Village]. Timişoara: Brumar.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Larionescu, Sandra 2002. Cǎlușul intre ritual, ceremonial si spectacol [Cǎluș Between Ritual, Ceremony and Spectacle]. In Teodorescu, Dorin (ed.) CalusulTezaur Universal (La CalusTresor Universal), 531. Slatina: Editura Fundatiei.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Marcu, IonelCărăuș, MaraIlici, Sava L. 1964. Dansuri populare din județul Timiș. Timișoara: Comitetul de Cultura și Educăție Socialista al judetului Timiș, Centrul de Ȋndrumare a creație populare și amișcării artisce de masă.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Mellish, Liz – Green, Nick .(Forthcoming) Politics of Representation, Identity and Minorities in Amateur Folk Dance Competitions in the Banat Region. 30th Symposium ICTM study group on ethnochoreology. Szeged, Hungary.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Mellish, Liz#x00D6;zbilgin, Mehmet Öcal 2018. The Cultural Development of Folk Dance Festivals and the Sustainability of Tradition: Introduction. In Mellish, LizÖzbilgin, Mehmet Öcal (eds.) The Cultural Development of Folk Dance Festivals and the Sustainability of Tradition, 11–26. İzmir, Turkey: Ege University Press.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Monitorul 2009. Ruga catolică de la Dumbrăvița. Monitorul. Dumbrăviţa: Primăriei comunei Dumbrăvița.

  • Neagu, Adi 2019. Ruga de Sfânta Măria Mică in Banatul Montan – petrecere la Padina Matei [The Ruga of Saint Mary the Child in the Banat mountains – celebration in Padina Matei]. Infocs.ro [Online]. https://www.infocs.ro/ruga-de-sfanta- maria-mica-in-banatul-montan-petrecere-la-padina-matei-video/ (accessed September 10, 2019).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Negru, Vichentie – Bădin, Nicolae 1912. Prima negee din Țara Almăjului [The First Negee in Țara Almăjului]. Ziarul Românul 2:7. Arad.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Opinia Timișoarei 2019. Muzica, dansuri, rochii viu colorate, sortulete, esarfe si palarii impodobite cu panglici. Sarbatoare mare nu departe de Timișoara [Music, dances, brightly coloured dresses, aprons, scarves, and hats decorated with ribbons. Big holiday not far from Timișoara]. Opinia Timișoarei [Online]. https://www. opiniatimisoarei.ro/muzica-dansuri-rochii-viu-colorate-sortulete-esarfe-si- palarii-impodobite-cu-panglici-sarbatoare-mare-nu-departe-de-timisoara- foto-si-video/03/05/2019 (accessed May 4, 2019).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Popescu, Marius 2016. Ruga bănățeană ar putea deveni obiectiv în patrimoniul spiritual UNESCO [The Ruga of Banat could become an object on UNESCO Intangible Heritage List]. PressAlert.ro [Online]. http://www.pressalert.ro/2016/02/demersuri- pentru-ca-ruga-banateana-sa-devina-obiectiv-patrimoniul-spiritual-unesco/ (accessed February 15, 2016).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Tomoiagă, Petru Vasile 2018. Miloslav Tatarici “Am intrat în viață prin dans, aș dori ca și sfârșitul să fie la fel” [Miloslav Tatarici “I came into life through dance, I would like the end to be the same”]. ziarultimisoara.ro [Online], Timișoara. http://www. ziarultimisoara.ro/oamenii-cetatii/4056-am-intrat-in-viata-prin-dans-as-dori- ca-si-sfarsitul-sa-fie-la-fel (accessed April 26, 2018).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Turino, Thomas 2008. Music as Social Life: the Politics of Participation. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.